Hjelme herad
View of the Old Hjelme Church
View of the Old Hjelme Church
Official logo of Hjelme herad
Hjelme within Hordaland
Hjelme within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°38′53″N 4°49′06″E / 60.6481°N 4.8183°E / 60.6481; 4.8183Coordinates: 60°38′53″N 4°49′06″E / 60.6481°N 4.8183°E / 60.6481; 4.8183
CountryNorway
CountyHordaland
DistrictNordhordland
Established1 Jan 1910
 • Preceded byManger Municipality
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
 • Succeeded byØygarden Municipality
Administrative centreHjelme
Area
 (upon dissolution)
 • Total19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Population
 (1963)
 • Total989
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Hjelmesokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1259

Hjelme is a former municipality in the old Hordaland county in Norway. The 19-square-kilometre (7.3 sq mi) municipality was located within the northern part of the present-day municipality of Øygarden. It existed from 1910 until 1964. The administrative centre was located at Hjelme, where the Old Hjelme Church was located. The municipality included the main islands of Alvøyna, Seløyna, Lyngøyna, and Hernar as well as many smaller surrounding islands. The Fedjeosen strait was the northern boundary, the Hjeltefjorden was the eastern boundary, the small Nordra Straumøysundet strait was the southern boundary, and the North Sea was to the west.[3]

History

On 1 January 1910, the western district of the municipality of Manger (population: 986) was separated to form its own municipality called Hjelmen. On 5 November 1912 the name was changed from Hjelmen to Hjelme by royal resolution. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Hjelme (population: 956) was merged with the majority of the neighboring municipality of Herdla to form the new municipality named "Øygarden".[4]

Municipal council

The municipal council (Heradsstyre) of Hjelme was made up of 13 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Hjelme Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [5]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Hjelme Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [6]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:13
Hjelme Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12
Hjelme Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Hjelme Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Hjelme Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Churches

The "new" Hjelme Church
The "new" Hjelme Church

The Old Hjelme Church (Hjelme gamle kirke) dates from 1875. Before the church was built, the inhabitants of the parish of Hjelme had to row across the Hjeltefjorden to either Hordabø Church or Manger Church. It is built of wood and has 180 seats. The church is no longer in active use since the new Hjelme Church (Hjelme kirke) was built in 1971. It was built of concrete and has 340 seats.[11][12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Hjelme" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-11-20.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  11. ^ Hjelme kyrkjelyd (Den Norske Kirke: Bjørgvin, Vesthordland, Fellesråd)
  12. ^ Hjelme Church (Øygarden)