Hobart, Wisconsin
Location of Hobart in Brown County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 44°30′49″N 88°8′35″W / 44.51361°N 88.14306°W / 44.51361; -88.14306Coordinates: 44°30′49″N 88°8′35″W / 44.51361°N 88.14306°W / 44.51361; -88.14306
Country United States
State Wisconsin
CountyBrown
Area
 • Total33.14 sq mi (85.83 km2)
 • Land33.02 sq mi (85.53 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation682 ft (208 m)
Population
 • Total6,182
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
10,082
 • Density305.31/sq mi (117.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)920
FIPS code55-35150[5]
GNIS feature ID1583399[2]
Websitehobart-wi.org

Hobart is a village in Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 6,182 at the 2010 census. Hobart is a part of the Green Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area. The village is located entirely within the treaty boundaries of the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin.

History

On May 13, 2002 the Town of Hobart incorporated as a village.[6] Hobart is named for Episcopal Bishop John Henry Hobart of New York who sent missionaries to the Oneida people and ministered to them after removal from New York to Wisconsin.[7]

Tribal relations

Hobart's local political scene has been characterized by numerous clashes with the Oneida Nation regarding their sovereignty over the reservation land on which Hobart sits.[8] In 2008, a federal judge upheld restrictive property covenants added to deeds by the Village of Hobart to prevent transfer of certain reservation properties into Oneida federal trust land.[9] In 2010, the village denied a liquor license to an Oneida business on the grounds that the tribe had not paid over $100,000 in stormwater fees for parcels held in tribal trust land; the tribe held that the village had no jurisdiction to charge such fees on tribal trust land. The federal court ruled in favor of the Oneida, and the village's appeal was not taken up by the US Supreme Court.[8]

In 2016, the village of Hobart fined the tribe for holding their annual Big Apple Fest on Oneida-owned non-trust land, without first obtaining a village permit. The Oneida Nation sued Hobart in US District Court, and appealed the initial ruling in favor of the village.[10] In 2020, the U.S. 7th Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the ruling in the wake of the landmark McGirt v. Oklahoma decision, holding that the tribe had the right to hold its annual event whether or not it received a permit from the village.[11] Public records indicate that in the nine-year period from 2011-2020, Hobart spent nearly $1000000 in litigation costs for these court cases.[8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 33.06 square miles (85.63 km2), of which, 32.95 square miles (85.34 km2) of it is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) is water.[12]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
20005,090
20106,18221.5%
2019 (est.)10,082[4]63.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
DOT sign for Hobart
DOT sign for Hobart
Several houses in Hobart
Several houses in Hobart
Intersection of Wisconsin Highway 54 and Wisconsin Highway 172

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 6,182 people, 2,180 households, and 1,828 families living in the village. The population density was 187.6 inhabitants per square mile (72.4/km2). There were 2,275 housing units at an average density of 69.0 per square mile (26.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 78.1% White, 0.5% African American, 17.5% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 2,180 households, of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 16.1% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the village was 43.4 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 34.9% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 5,090 people, 1,717 households, and 1,468 families living in the village. The population density was 153.5 people per square mile (59.3/km2). There were 1,758 housing units at an average density of 53.0 per square mile (20.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 80.57% White, 0.10% African American, 16.66% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.

There were 1,717 households, out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.5% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $69,034, and the median income for a family was $76,626. Males had a median income of $49,813 versus $30,458 for females. The per capita income for the village was $29,059. About 4.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau (2005). State of Wisconsin 2005-2006 Blue Book (PDF). Madison: Wisconsin Legislature Joint Committee on Legislative Organization. p. 761. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  7. ^ http://www.witowns.com/OurWisconsinTowns.htm
  8. ^ a b c Vaisvilas, Frank (December 7, 2020). "Green Bay-area village of Hobart spent nearly $1 million fighting Oneida Nation sovereignty. The tribe keeps winning". Green Bay Press-Gazette. Gannett Co., Inc.
  9. ^ "Case No. 08-C-608: Baylake Bank v. TCGC, LLC". Casetext. US District Court, Eastern District of Wisconsin. September 30, 2008.
  10. ^ Srubas, Paul (April 5, 2019). "Oneida tribal sovereignty dealt blow in dispute over festival permit". Green Bay Press-Gazette. Gannett Co., Inc.
  11. ^ Vaisvilas, Frank (June 23, 2020). "U.S. appeals court rules in favor of Oneida Nation against Hobart, endorsing tribe's sovereignty". Green Bay Press-Gazette. Gannett Co., Inc.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.