The holistic security concept is a principle of Chinese national security policy defined by President Xi Jinping in 2014. According to this principle, dimensions such as economic security and energy security are viewed as necessary to traditional national security concerns.


Chinese President Xi Jinping introduced the holistic security concept in 2014, which he defined as taking "the security of the people as compass, political security as its roots, economic security as its pillar, military security, cultural security, and cultural security as its protections, and that relies on the promotion of international security."[1]: 3  The holistic security concept also emphasizes the need for energy security.[2]: 77  Xi created China's National Security Commission (NSC), which focuses on holistic security and addresses both external and internal security matters.[3]: 180 


  1. ^ Shinn, David H.; Eisenman, Joshua (2023). China's Relations with Africa: a New Era of Strategic Engagement. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-21001-0.
  2. ^ Garlick, Jeremy (2024). Advantage China: Agent of Change in an Era of Global Disruption. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-1-350-25231-8.
  3. ^ Zhao, Suisheng (2023). The Dragon Roars Back: Transformational Leaders and Dynamics of Chinese Foreign Policy. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. doi:10.1515/9781503634152. ISBN 978-1-5036-3088-8. OCLC 1331741429.