Homi Bhabha National Institute
Homi Bhabha National Institute logo.png
HBNI Building at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai
TypeDeemed university and Central Government Engineering Training Institute
Established2005; 17 years ago (2005)[1]
FounderDepartment of Atomic Energy with Ravi Grover as the founder director.[2]
Vice-ChancellorPR Vasudeva Rao [3]
DeanPrakash D. Naik
Academic staff
Location, ,
19°02′02″N 72°55′34″E / 19.034°N 72.926°E / 19.034; 72.926

The Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) is an Indian deemed university established by the Department of Atomic Energy, which unifies academic programmes of several of its constituent institutions. Deemed universities in India have been divided in three categories by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and HBNI has been placed in category 'A', highest of the three categories.[4] Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai and its Constituent Units are the institutions of excellence as per section 4(b) of "The Central Education Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006".[5]

National Assessment and Accreditation Council has accredited HBNI with a CGPA of 3.40 on a four point scale at A+ grade valid up to 25 March 2026.[6]


The Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954 and its mandate includes research including fundamental research in matters connected with atomic energy and the development of its uses in power generation, research, agriculture, industry and health care and advancement of higher mathematics. In pursuit of its mandate DAE has established several research and development centres, grant-in-aid institutions and has taken in its fold several existing grant-in-aid institutions. All research institutions under the umbrella of the DAE have been pursuing academic programme right from their inception. Considering continued expansion of atomic energy programme and considering the fact that the DAE institutions are engaged in human resource development programmes, the DAE Science Research Council recommended in 2003 that the DAE should establish a university level institution. After completing all formalities, Prime minister of India, Manmohan Singh, announced[7] the approval of the government of India for setting up of HBNI on 4 June 2005. It is named after the late Indian physicist Homi J. Bhabha. The HRD Ministry of the government of India declared Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) a deemed to be University along with ten Constituent Institutions (CIs).

The first Director/ Vice-chancellor, Ravi Grover has written a brief history of the Institute in an article published by him on the website of the Indian National Academy of Engineering.[8] He has also written an article in Current Science (10 October 2019) explaining the rationale for setting up the Institute.[9]

Academic programmes

For developing a well trained central government engineers in the area of nuclear science and engineering, DAE established the "Training School" in 1957 at Trombay, Mumbai.[10] Courses are conducted at all CIs and at BARC Training schools[11]


University rankings
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2020)[12]30
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[13]14

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked Homi Bhabha National Institute 30th overall in India[12] and 14th among universities[13] in 2020. In NIRF 2021, in University category, it is ranked 18th.[1]

The Nature Index has ranked HBNI 10th in the world under the ranking of "Nine universities under 50 in the fast lane", published in 2019.[14]

The Nature Index 2020 Annual Tables highlight the institutions and countries that dominated high quality research in the natural sciences in 2019 as tracked by Nature Index. The rankings are based on an institution’s or country’s share of articles published in the 82 prestigious scientific journals selected by an independent panel of experts and tracked by the Nature Index database. According to Nature Index 2020, HBNI ranked at second position, behind Indian Institute of Science, among all academic institutions in India based on publications (count as well as share) during the period 1 March 2019 to 29 February 2020.[15]

Constituent institutions

  1. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai[16]
  2. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam
  3. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore
  4. Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata
  5. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
  6. Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar
  7. Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar
  8. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Prayagraj
  9. Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai
  10. Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai
  11. National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar


  1. ^ "The Beginning". Homi Bhabha National Institute. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute" (PDF). Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  3. ^ "HBNI -> Council of Management". Homi Bhabha National Institute. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Comparative assessment of the (Deemed to be University)" (PDF). Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  5. ^ "Central Educational Institutions" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice.
  6. ^ www.hbni.ac.in http://www.hbni.ac.in/main/NAAC/naacloi.html. Retrieved 23 November 2017. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Dr Manmohan Singh announced the approval" (PDF). BARC. Retrieved 4 June 2005.
  8. ^ "Setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute" (PDF). Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Integrating the function of a university to a work place to promote post-academic research" (PDF). Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Development of human resources for Indian nuclear power programme", Sadhana, Vol. 38, Part 5, October 2013, pp 1051-1064.
  11. ^ The making of a nuclear scientist. The Hindu (2011-12-26). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  12. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  13. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Nine universities under 50 in the fast lane". natureindex.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Institution Output 1 March to 29 February 2020". natureindex.com. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  16. ^ "HBNI - The Beginning". www.hbni.ac.in. Retrieved 8 February 2022.