Coordinates: 22°16′57″N 114°9′41″E / 22.28250°N 114.16139°E / 22.28250; 114.16139

Hong Kong City Hall
香港大會堂
City Hall Hong Kong High Block 201207.jpg
City Hall High Block north façade in July 2012
General information
TypeCity hall
Architectural styleInternational Style
LocationCentral
Address5 Edinburgh Place
CountryHong Kong
Groundbreaking25 February 1960; 62 years ago (1960-02-25)
Completed2 March 1962; 60 years ago (1962-03-02)
OwnerGovernment of Hong Kong
LandlordLeisure and Cultural Services Department
Technical details
MaterialSteel & concrete
Grounds10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectRon Phillips
Alan Fitch
DesignationsGrade I historic building
Hong Kong City Hall
Traditional Chinese香港大會堂
City Hall High Block south façade, from Statue Square in September 2004
City Hall High Block south façade, from Statue Square in September 2004

Hong Kong City Hall (Chinese: 香港大會堂) is a building located at Edinburgh Place, Central, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.

Since Hong Kong is a "Special Administrative Region" and not a normal Chinese city, there is no mayor or city council; therefore, the City Hall does not hold the offices of a city government, unlike most city halls around the world. Instead, it is a complex providing municipal services, including performing venues and libraries.

The City Hall is managed by the Government's Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The Urban Council (UrbCo) managed the City Hall (through the Urban Services Department) and held its meetings there prior to its dissolution in December 1999. Prior to its dissolution the UrbCo served as the municipal council for Hong Kong Island and Kowloon (including New Kowloon). The UrbCo had its meeting chamber in the Low Block of the City Hall.

First generation

Main article: Old City Hall (Hong Kong)

The 1869 City Hall, southern aspect, with Dent's Fountain at the middle.
The 1869 City Hall, southern aspect, with Dent's Fountain at the middle.

Hong Kong's first City Hall, which existed from 1869 to 1933, occupied the current sites of the HSBC Hong Kong headquarters building (partly) and the Bank of China Building.[1] It was designed by the French architect Achille-Antoine Hermitte and was opened by Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony on 28 June 1869.[2][3] The current site of the HSBC Hong Kong headquarters building was occupied in part by the old City Hall, and in part by the first and second generations of the HSBC building.

Second generation

The City Hall and its surroundings in May 2010.
The City Hall and its surroundings in May 2010.
City Hall Lower Block in April 2014
City Hall Lower Block in April 2014
Lower Block Lobby in November 2014
Lower Block Lobby in November 2014
Commemorative plaque dedicated to all those who defended Hong Kong between 1941-1945 at the entrance to Memorial Gardens at Hong Kong City Hall. Taken in October 2009.
Commemorative plaque dedicated to all those who defended Hong Kong between 1941-1945 at the entrance to Memorial Gardens at Hong Kong City Hall. Taken in October 2009.
Sea view from the City Hall High Block, in December 2005, with Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier still standing.
Sea view from the City Hall High Block, in December 2005, with Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier still standing.

The second and current City Hall complex was built in the late 1950s on a 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) plot of land on the newly reclaimed seafront, about 200 metres (660 ft) from the first generation building.

The foundation stone laying ceremony took place on 25 February 1960 with Sir Robert Brown Black, then Governor of Hong Kong,[4] who also presided over the official opening ceremony on 2 March 1962.[5] The City Hall was placed under the responsibility of the Urban Council. It has been listed as a Grade I historic building since 2009.[6]

Design

Model of City Hall, with High Block, Lower Block and Garden in August 2013.
Model of City Hall, with High Block, Lower Block and Garden in August 2013.

It was designed between 1956 and 1958 by British architects Ron Phillips and Alan Fitch.[7][8] With its clean lines and stark geometric forms, the new Hall is an example of the International style fashionable at the time. The structure was constructed using steel and concrete, and much of the equipment was of steel, glass and anodised aluminium.[1]

The two separate blocks and gardens were laid out as a cohesive whole, along a central axis. The entrance to the lower block (exhibition hall) of the City Hall formed an axis with Queen's Pier to lend a sense of occasion to visiting dignitaries. On the façade of the Lower Block once had the old Coat of Arms of Hong Kong, which was removed before the handover in 1997.[9] One major consideration was juxtaposing the city bustle whilst maximising public access to the surrounding area. Thus, the out-sized public areas of the Memorial Gardens and the piazza in front were conceived as a natural extension to promote the "freedom of movement and a sense of unlimited space".[7]

Function

The most important civic function performed by City Hall was as a ceremonial location for the swearing in of successive Governors following their inauguration:[8] The 24th to 28th Governors all swore their oaths of office there.[10]

City Hall's Concert hall and theatre have been an important home to the performing arts in Hong Kong since its inauguration. A number of culture events, including the Hong Kong Festival, Hong Kong Arts Festival in 1973, Asian Arts Festival in 1976, the Hong Kong International Film Festival in 1977, and the International Arts Carnival in 1982 were hosted there. The conference room of the former Urban Council was also at the lower building of the City Hall.

The High block once housed Hong Kong's principal public library, until a new Central library was opened in 2001; the Hong Kong art gallery (which became the Hong Kong Art Museum in 1969) began life there on the tenth and eleventh floors. The Hong Kong Museum of History relocated in 1975, and the Hong Kong Museum of Art also moved out of City Hall in 1991.

The City Hall Memorial Garden, located at the north-western quadrant between the High Block and Low Block, is a walled garden wherein a 12-sided dodecagon Memorial Shrine commemorates soldiers and citizens who died in defence of Hong Kong during the Second World War. It is a popular spot and obligatory backdrop for photographs of couples who celebrate their marriage in the City Hall Registry. Within the Memorial Shrine are embedded memorial Roll of Honour and Plaques to combat units who fought in Hong Kong during World War II (1941–1945). Inscribed on the walls of the Memorial Shrine are eight chinese characters evoking the everlasting spirit of the Brave and the Dead. The entrance gates to the City Hall Memorial Garden bear the regimental emblems of the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps and Royal Hong Kong Regiment.

The complex also incorporates a three-storey car park, with 171 car park spaces,[10][11] which was also designed by architects Ron Phillips and Alan Fitch.[7]

Facilities

Theatre in High Block in May 2012
Theatre in High Block in May 2012
The memorial garden in the City Hall in February 2014
The memorial garden in the City Hall in February 2014
War memorial shrine in the memorial garden in July 2012
War memorial shrine in the memorial garden in July 2012

The second and current City Hall complex has two buildings, a garden and a three-storey car park.

City Hall Memorial Garden enclosing the World War II (1941–1945) Memorial Shrine

The High Block, a 12-storey building, is in the south-western end and houses a number of government facilities, including:

The 3-storey Low Block is at the eastern end, with the following facilities:

High Block floor directory

11th floor Disabled access Reference Library / Business and Industry Library
Multimedia Resource Centre
10th floor Disabled access Reference Library (Entrance)
Creativity and Innovation Resource Centre
9th floor Disabled access Newspapers and Periodicals Reading Room
8th floor Disabled access Recital Hall
Extension Activities Room
7th floor Disabled access Exhibition Gallery
Committee Room South/North
6th floor Disabled access Computer and Information Centre
Office of Computerization Unit, Hong Kong Public Libraries
5th floor Disabled access Basic Law Library
Adult Lending Library
4th floor Disabled access Adult Lending Library
3rd floor Disabled access Adult Lending Library (Entrance)
Circulation Counter
2nd floor Disabled access Junior Library
1st floor Disabled access Marriage Registry
Ground floor Disabled access Library Cloakroom

See also

Other civic centres in Hong Kong:

Nearby sites:

References

  1. ^ a b EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
  2. ^ Davies 2014, p. 208.
  3. ^ Davies, Stephen (2014), "Achille-Antoine Hermitte (1840–70?)", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, 54: 206–208, JSTOR jroyaaisasocihkb.54.201
  4. ^ Hong Kong City Hall at ArtLinkArt
  5. ^ Hong Kong Memory: Grand opening of Hong Kong City Hall
  6. ^ List of the 1,444 Historic Buildings in Building Assessment (as of 8 June 2017)
  7. ^ a b c Heron, Liz (13 May 2007). "Save Queen's Pier, says architect of City Hall complex". South China Morning Post. p. 4.
  8. ^ a b Annexe B3 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
  9. ^ "1990s City Hall Coat of Arms | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong".
  10. ^ a b Antiquities Advisory Board: Brief Information on proposed Grade I Items. Item #52 Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Tsui, Enid (31 May 2016). "Push to expand Hong Kong City Hall amid harbourfront development". South China Morning Post.

Further reading