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Hood River County
Hood River County Courthouse in Hood River
Hood River County Courthouse in Hood River
Map of Oregon highlighting Hood River County
Location within the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°31′03″N 121°38′58″W / 45.5175°N 121.64944444444°W / 45.5175; -121.64944444444
Country United States
State Oregon
FoundedJune 23, 1908
Named forHood River
SeatHood River
Largest cityHood River
 • Total533 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Land522 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  2.1%%
 • Total23,977
 • Estimate 
24,057 Increase
 • Density43/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district2nd

Hood River County is one of the 36 counties in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2020 census, the population was 23,977.[1] The county seat is Hood River.[2] The county was established in 1908 and is named for the Hood River, a tributary of the Columbia River. Hood River County comprises the Hood River, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Hood River Valley is a top producer of apples, pears, and cherries and is known for its famous Fruit Loop driving tour that stops at family farms and fruit stands. Situated between Mount Hood and the Columbia River in the middle of the Columbia River Gorge, Hood River County is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts, such as windsurfers, mountain-bikers, skiers, hikers, kayakers, and many more.


The first permanent settlers in present-day Hood River County filed a donation land claim in 1854. The first school was built in 1863 and a road from The Dalles was completed in 1867. By 1880 there were 17 families living in the valley. By the latter part of the nineteenth century farmers of Japanese, Finnish, German, and French ethnicity had settled in the valley.

At the turn of the twentieth century, the people of the Hood River region in the northwest portion of Wasco County expressed a desire for political separation from the parent county. The passage of a statewide initiative established Hood River as the thirty-fourth county of the state. It was made official by a governor's proclamation on June 23, 1908. The Columbia River Highway was completed in 1922 from Portland to The Dalles, improving access between both those cities as well as to Hood River.

In response to controversy surrounding county approval of locating a destination resort at Cooper Spur ski area on Mount Hood, on November 5, 2003 62% of the voters approved a measure requiring voter approval on residential developments of 25 units or more on land zoned for forest use. Opponents claimed that this measure was not enforceable and would end up in court.


Hood River County is 533 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 522 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.1%) is water.[3] It is the second-smallest county in Oregon by area. Elevation ranges from 60 feet (18 m) above sea level at Cascade Locks in the northwest to 11,235 feet (3,424 m) at the summit of Mount Hood, the highest point in Oregon.[4]

The County lies in a transition zone in the Columbia River Gorge between the temperate rain forest of the Cascade range and dry desert of eastern Oregon. Precipitation varies considerably by longitude and elevation. Annual precipitation averages over 76 inches in Cascade Locks, but is less than 31 inches in the City of Hood River.[4] At the highest reaches of the County on Mount Hood precipitation can be up to 150 inches annually.[5]

The Gorge can have a moderating effect on air temperatures in the County near the Columbia River when maritime air moves in from the west. Major easterly flows, however, can occasionally cause extreme cold conditions as cold air moves west through the Gorge. Winds are generally from the west in the summer, resulting in strong and consistent winds on the Columbia River at Hood River County, making Hood River a world-renowned wind surfing location. Winter winds can blow from either the east or the west and can be of sufficient force to result in widespread damage.[6]

Hood River County contains the entirety of the 217,337 acres (87,953 ha) Hood River watershed, which covers nearly two-thirds of the county. This watershed includes four main sub-basins: the West Fork Hood River, the Middle Fork Hood River, the East Fork Hood River, and the Hood River Mainstem (the lower river and its tributaries).[7]

Sixty percent, or 209,385 acres (84,735 ha), of the County is federal land managed by the Mount Hood National Forest.[8] Another 31,000 acres (13,000 ha), or 8.8 percent, is forestland owned and managed by Hood River County.[9] The State of Oregon owns 3,894 acres (1,576 ha) within the County.[10] Weyerhaeuser Company became a major private landowner in 2013 after purchasing Longview Timber LLC, including its forest holdings in Hood River County.[11] 25,817 acres (10,448 ha), over seven percent of the County, is managed as private farmland. As of 2012 there were 554 farms, with a medium farm size of 19 acres (7.7 ha).[12]

Adjacent counties

Map of Hood River County .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  U.S. Forest Service land   Bureau of Land Management land
Map of Hood River County
  U.S. Forest Service land
  Bureau of Land Management land

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
2021 (est.)24,057[13]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

At the time of the census 11.8 percent of a total of 9,271 housing units were vacant. Of the 8,173 occupied housing units, 62.9 percent were owner-occupied.[18]

Median household income was $51,307 and median income for a family was $57,644.[19] As of the 2010 census 2,235 persons, or 10.1 percent of the population, lived in poverty.[20]

Of the 20,258 people in the population that are five years and older, 25.6 percent speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, and 69 percent of this group speak English less than "very well."[21]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 22,346 people, 8,173 households, and 5,659 families residing in the county.[22] The population density was 42.8 inhabitants per square mile (16.5/km2). There were 9,271 housing units at an average density of 17.8 per square mile (6.9/km2).[23] The racial makeup of the county was 83.1% white, 1.4% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 10.9% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 29.5% of the population.[22] In terms of ancestry, 16.7% were German, 10.6% were English, 9.8% were Irish, and 3.8% were American.[24]

Of the 8,173 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, and 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 38.0 years.[22]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,307 and the median income for a family was $57,644. Males had a median income of $37,901 versus $31,516 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,930. About 7.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[25]



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Historical communities

Government and infrastructure

Hood River is a home rule county with an administrative style of government. The county is governed by an elected board of five commissioners. Four commissioners are elected from four geographic districts, and the Chair is elected at large.[26]

The County operates two campgrounds at Toll Bridge Park and Tucker Park. The Forestry Department manages the 31,000 acre County Forest for timber sale revenue and to develop and maintain recreation trails. In fiscal year 2014 gross revenue from County timber sales was $3,851,646 while Forestry Department expenses where $1,049,648. Property taxes generated $3,071,038 in revenue in the same year.[27]

The Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility (Norcor), a short-term jail, serves Hood River, Gilliam, Sherman, and Wasco counties.[28]

In presidential elections, while formerly a Republican-leaning county, Hood River County has been reliably Democratic since 1988.

Presidential elections

United States presidential election results for Hood River County, Oregon[29]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,955 30.21% 8,764 66.95% 371 2.83%
2016 3,272 29.99% 6,510 59.67% 1,128 10.34%
2012 3,429 34.85% 6,058 61.58% 351 3.57%
2008 3,265 33.21% 6,302 64.11% 263 2.68%
2004 4,124 41.83% 5,587 56.67% 148 1.50%
2000 3,721 43.53% 4,072 47.63% 756 8.84%
1996 2,794 36.89% 3,654 48.24% 1,126 14.87%
1992 2,453 31.28% 3,106 39.61% 2,282 29.10%
1988 3,257 48.69% 3,275 48.96% 157 2.35%
1984 4,531 59.85% 3,022 39.92% 18 0.24%
1980 3,450 48.65% 2,924 41.23% 718 10.12%
1976 3,210 48.37% 3,114 46.93% 312 4.70%
1972 3,152 53.96% 2,330 39.89% 359 6.15%
1968 2,597 48.84% 2,385 44.86% 335 6.30%
1964 1,786 32.64% 3,564 65.13% 122 2.23%
1960 3,103 55.86% 2,450 44.10% 2 0.04%
1956 3,149 56.29% 2,445 43.71% 0 0.00%
1952 3,310 62.84% 1,930 36.64% 27 0.51%
1948 2,134 52.80% 1,761 43.57% 147 3.64%
1944 2,008 50.05% 1,960 48.85% 44 1.10%
1940 2,305 49.16% 2,367 50.48% 17 0.36%
1936 1,249 29.77% 2,759 65.77% 187 4.46%
1932 1,387 42.60% 1,685 51.75% 184 5.65%
1928 1,806 65.22% 905 32.68% 58 2.09%
1924 1,214 48.44% 683 27.25% 609 24.30%
1920 1,449 59.95% 761 31.49% 207 8.56%
1916 1,314 48.33% 1,188 43.69% 217 7.98%
1912 396 25.05% 519 32.83% 666 42.13%
1908 767 62.16% 359 29.09% 108 8.75%


Mount Hood Railroad
View from McCall Point across Hood River County to Mount Hood
View from McCall Point across Hood River County to Mount Hood

Health Care and Social Assistance was the largest major NAICS industry sector in Hood River County in 2013, with 14 percent of earnings. Manufacturing, at 12 percent, was the second largest sector. Farm Earnings combined with Forestry, Fishing and Related Activities represented nearly 11 percent of earnings. The Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector, while accounting for seven percent of earnings in 2013, was the fastest growing sector between 2002 and 2013, growing at an average annual rate of over 11 percent, and increasing its relative share of total earnings by 6.45 percent. Earnings in the Health Care and Social Assistance sector grew at an average of over five percent per year during that period.[30]

Despite a relatively small share of total earnings, farming, forestry and tourism are all important economic drivers in Hood River County. In 2013, Farm Earnings and Forestry, Fishing and Related Activities had location quotients of 8.57 percent and 12.09 percent, respectively, indicating an outsized concentration of these sectors within the County. The Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation industry, while comprising less than four percent of total earnings, had a location quotient of 3.27 percent, the highest of any county in the State of Oregon, indicating a highly concentrated tourism sector.[31]

Agriculture, timber, lumber and recreation are important sources of revenue and industry. Fruit grown in the fertile valley is of such exceptional quality the county leads the world in Anjou pear production. A 1997 census recorded 15,553 acres (62.94 km2) of commercial orchards growing pears, apples, cherries and peaches. Hood River County also has two ports and two boat basins, one serving local barge traffic, a steel boat manufacturing firm and Mid-Columbia yachting interests.

The Columbia River, which runs right by the city of Hood River, has become a premier windsurfing destination, attracting windsurfers from throughout the United States and around the world. Cool, moist coastal air is drawn through the Columbia River Gorge as the desert to the east heats up on warm days, creating winds between 15-35 knots most days in the summer. With the current in the Columbia River flowing from east to west, and the wind blowing from west to east, large swells are created on the river that windsurfers enjoy riding like waves. Windsurfing has affected the local economy in many ways: windsurfing-oriented businesses and upscale restaurants catering to visiting windsurfers have reinvigorated the downtown area, many people who first visited Hood River in search of wind and waves have settled in the area and become an integral part of the community, and the local economy has been infused with much needed tourist dollars.

The Mount Hood Railroad provides freight service, connecting with the Union Pacific at Hood River, Oregon, and operates excursion trains and dinner trains on a 22-mile (35 km) rail line running from Hood River to Parkdale. The line was completed in 1909, and operated as an independent company until acquired by Union Pacific Railroad in 1968. In 1987 a local group of investors purchased the line for $600,000, naming it the Mount Hood Railroad. In 2008 Mount Hood Railroad was acquired by Iowa Pacific Holdings, based in Chicago. The company leases storage on its lines for excess freight cars, in addition to, or at times in place of, operating recreational rides.[32]

See also



  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Hood River County Chamber of Commerce".
  5. ^ "Mount Hood Wilderness". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  6. ^ "Climate of Hood River". Prepared by George Taylor, state climatologist, Cadee Hale & Sarah Joos, publication assistants. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  7. ^ "Hood River Watershed Assessment, December 1999" (PDF). Holly Coccoli, Hood River Watershed Group.
  8. ^ "Table 6 - NFS Acreage by State, Congressional District and County, October 10, 2007".
  9. ^ "Hood River County Forestry Department, Hood River County, Oregon".
  10. ^ "State of Oregon State Land Inventory Report" (PDF). Department of State Lands, Salem, Oregon.
  11. ^ "Weyerhaeuser Completes Acquisition of Longview Timber LLC". Weyerhaeuser, Federal Way, Wash, July 23, 2013.
  12. ^ "Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 2012 Census of Agriculture" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  19. ^ "Income in the Past 12 Month, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  20. ^ "Decennial Census, Poverty Rates by County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  21. ^ "Language Spoken at Home, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  22. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  23. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  24. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  25. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  26. ^ "Hood River County Home Rule Charter". Hood River County, Oregon.
  27. ^ "Hood River County, Oregon, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for fiscal year ended June 30, 2014". Hood River County.
  28. ^ "Norcor Home Archived 2011-11-24 at the Wayback Machine." Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility. Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  29. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  30. ^ "Bureau of Economic Analysis". United States Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  31. ^ "Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project". Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  32. ^ "Mount Hood Railroad". Iowa Pacific Holdings.

Coordinates: 45°31′03″N 121°38′58″W / 45.51750°N 121.64944°W / 45.51750; -121.64944