Hooe

The Oast House, Kiln Lane, Hooe
Hooe
Hooe
Location within East Sussex
Area10.0 km2 (3.9 sq mi) [1]
Population445 (Parish-2011)[2]
• Density116/sq mi (45/km2)
OS grid referenceTQ692106
• London50 miles (80 km) NNW
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBATTLE
Postcode districtTN33
Dialling code01424
PoliceSussex
FireEast Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
50°52′N 0°24′E / 50.87°N 0.40°E / 50.87; 0.40Coordinates: 50°52′N 0°24′E / 50.87°N 0.40°E / 50.87; 0.40

Hooe is both a small village and a civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex; the village being located about two miles (3 km) north-west of Bexhill, and north of the A259 coast road, on the B2095 road from Ninfield. The parish name takes account of local usage, and the location of the parish church; in fact the main population centre is to the north, and is called Hooe Common.

History

The name Hooe comes from the Saxon word meaning a ridge, since the village stood on a ridge of land between two arms of the sea. Those areas are now low-lying land, one being the Hooe Levels, across which flows the stream known as Waller's Haven. The River Ashbourne flows into the Haven, down which iron products, particularly cannon, used to be shipped from the Wealden iron works at Ashburnham.

During the 18th century Hooe was used by local gangs for the smuggling trade. There was a high demand in France for English wool and the local Romney sheep produced fine wool and high-quality meat which was traded or smuggled via small boats off Normans Bay for brandy, wines, tobacco and other luxury goods.[3]

The church, dedicated to St Oswald, is part of a combined ecclesiastical parish with that at Ninfield.[4] Hooe church, both Saxon and Norman, was built in its location as meeting point of several of the surrounding hamlets, including Hooe Common. There were suggestions by a local historian that there was a village surrounding the church but that it was burnt down during the plague and the village moved to Hooe Common although there is no archaeological evidence for this. There is an abandoned medieval village, Northeye, which is located on Hooe Levels. This may have been abandoned during the plague.

Landmarks

Hooe windmill was situated where the house "The Retreat" is now, next to the recreation ground. King Henry the Eighths hunting lodge is located at Court Lodge where he stayed with Katherine Howard before they were married.

Pevensey Levels, a Site of Special Scientific Interest, lies partially in the parish. The site is of biological interest consisting of low-lying grazing meadows, hosting a wide variety of wetland flora and fauna.

The hardy and docile all-red\ginger Sussex cattle which arrived in Viking days are very well suited to the Hooe Levels where they were once used as oxen to transport goods locally; they thrive on the mineral rich marshland where they are grass-finished to produce some of the best beef in the world[5]

Public Transport

Renown Coaches operate two buses services Monday to Friday which consists of:- Route 97: Currently Departs Hooe Lamb Inn at 09:03 and 12:03.[citation needed] There is a 15:03 on non school days which operates via Hooe Common 5 minutes later. (This is subject to change due to the national concessionary pass times changing.) These buses operate to Bexhill. There is also a School bus which departs Hooe Common at 08:08 to Claverham with a bus departing Claverham at 15:30. This is route 356.

References

  1. ^ "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 26 April 2008.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Hooe (The Haunt of Smugglers)". villagenet.co.uk. VillageNet. 12 January 2007. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  4. ^ "The Parish Churches of Hooe and Ninfield". The Rural Deanery of Battle and Bexhill. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  5. ^ "Natural England - SSSI (Pevensey Levels)". English Nature. Retrieved 10 October 2008.

Media related to Hooe at Wikimedia Commons