Hornindal kommune
View of the lake Hornindalsvatnet
Hornindal within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°59′55″N 06°35′03″E / 61.99861°N 6.58417°E / 61.99861; 6.58417Coordinates: 61°59′55″N 06°35′03″E / 61.99861°N 6.58417°E / 61.99861; 6.58417
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictNordfjord
Established1 Jan 1867–31 Dec 1965
Re-established1 Jan 1977–31 Dec 2019
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreGrodås
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Stig Olav Lødemel (H)
Area
 • Total191.60 km2 (73.98 sq mi)
 • Land178.44 km2 (68.90 sq mi)
 • Water13.16 km2 (5.08 sq mi)  6.9%
Area rank334 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,175
 • Rank381 in Norway
 • Density6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−3%
Demonym(s)Horndøl[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1444
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Preceded byEid in 1867
Succeeded byStryn in 1965
Preceded byStryn in 1977
Succeeded byVolda in 2020
Websitehornindal.kommune.no

Hornindal is a former municipality in the old Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It existed from 1867 until 1965 and then again from 1977 until 2020. It was located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Grodås. The municipality was located at the eastern end of the lake Hornindalsvatnet, the deepest lake in Northern Europe. The rest of the lake lies inside neighboring Eid Municipality.

The European route E39 highway is ran through Hornindal Municipality as it made its route along the western coast of Norway. The Kviven Tunnel was completed in 2012 as part of the new E39 route connecting Hornindal to Volda Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county to the north. The tunnel was constructed to avoid the ferry crossing over the Voldsfjorden and it shortened the distance from Hornindal to Volda significantly.

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 192-square-kilometre (74 sq mi) municipality is the 334th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Hornindal is the 381st most-populous municipality in Norway, with a population of 1,175. The municipality's population density is 6.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (17/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information

Hornindal church
Hornindal church
View of the Hornindalsrokken mountain
View of the Hornindalsrokken mountain

Since ancient times, Hornindal was a sub-parish (sokn) of Eid prestegjeld (see formannskapsdistrikt law). In 1865, Hornindal became a parish of its own and then two years later, on 1 January 1867, Hornindal was established as a separate municipality. At this time, Hornindal had a population of 1,612.[5]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the municipality of Hornindal was dissolved and it was divided between the neighboring municipalities of Eid and Stryn. Navelsaker and Holmøyvik and all of Hornindal west of there (population: 310) was transferred to Eid, and the 1,184 residents to the east of those areas went to Stryn. This, however, was not long-lasting. On 1 January 1977, the area of the old municipality of Hornindal was separated from Stryn and recreated as a separate municipality once again. The portions of Hornindal that were moved to Eid in 1964 remained there. The new Hornindal municipality had a population of 1,202.[5]

On 1 January 2019, the Maurset area in southern Hornindal (population: 19) was transferred from Hornindal to the neighboring municipality of Stryn.[6]

On 1 January 2020, Hornindal (in Sogn og Fjordane county) merged with the neighboring Volda Municipality and joined Møre og Romsdal county.[7]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old farm called Horne (Old Norse: Hornvin), since the first Hornindal Church was built there. The first element is horn which means "horn" (here referring to a pointed mountain behind the farm) and the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". So the meaning of the compounded name Hornindal is "the valley/dale of Horne".[8]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 7 August 1987. They were designed by Petter Eide. It shows three silver blades of scythes on a blue background. Historically, farming and blacksmithing were vital industries in Hornindal. At one point, there were as many as 200 blacksmiths in the area. There was also a rich tradition of making handmade scythes and this was very symbolized by putting scythes on the coat-of-arms.[9][10]

Churches

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hornindal. It is part of the Nordfjord prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Hornindal
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Hornindal Hornindal Church Grodås 1856

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Hornindal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Sogn og Fjordane District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hornindal was made up of 17 representatives that were elected to four-year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Hornindal Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local list for Kjøs area (Grendaliste for Kjøs krins)1
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Common list for Hornindal (Samlingslista for Hornindal)4
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Kommunestyre 1964–1965 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:17
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)9
Total number of members:16
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)9
Total number of members:16
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:16
Hornindal Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:16

Mayor

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Stig Olav Lødemel of the Conservative Party was elected mayor for the 2015–2019 term.[26]

Geography

View of Steindalsegga
View of Steindalsegga
Hornindal
Hornindal
The mountain Hornindalsrokken and Honndøla bridge
The mountain Hornindalsrokken and Honndøla bridge

Location

Hornindal is located on the northern border of Sogn og Fjordane county. Hornindal is bordered to the west by the municipality of Eid, to the south by Stryn, to the east by Stranda (in Møre og Romsdal county), and to the north by Ørsta and Volda (both in Møre og Romsdal county).

Mountains

Attractions

Hornindalsvatnet

The Hornindalsvatnet lake is the deepest lake in Europe at 514 metres (1,686 ft) deep. None of the glacier streams run out into the lake and this has resulted in one of Europe's clearest lakes.[27]

Anders Svor Museum

Anders Svor was born in 1864 on the Svor Farm in Hornindal. At the age of 21 he left for Denmark where he enrolled at the Copenhagen Academy of Art. He later participated in many art exhibitions in Kristiania, Copenhagen, Paris, and Chicago. The Anders Svor Museum was opened in 1953 and features 450 of his works. His art is characterised by simple, clean lines, and deep authenticity.[28]

Famous people

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b Juvkam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Justering av grensa mellom kommunane Stryn og Hornindal" (in Norwegian). Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet. 1 December 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Nye Volda" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 448–449.
  9. ^ Tvinnereim, Jarle (24 April 2008). "Kommunevåpenet til Hornindal" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sogn og Fjordane" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  26. ^ Hornindal Kommune. "Presentasjon av ordførar Stig Olav Lødemel" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Hornindal Municipality in Norway". GoNorway.com. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  28. ^ "Anders Svor Museum, Hornindal". 13 August 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2008.