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Hoshiarpur
City
Landmarks of Hoshiarpur
Landmarks of Hoshiarpur
Nickname(s): 
Land of Saints, HSP
Hoshiarpur is located in Punjab
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur
Location of Hoshiarpur City in Punjab, India
Hoshiarpur is located in India
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur (India)
Coordinates: 31°32′N 75°55′E / 31.53°N 75.92°E / 31.53; 75.92
Country India
StatePunjab
Region of PunjabDoaba
DistrictHoshiarpur
Settled by British1846 A.D.
Founded In1325–1351 A.D.
Founded byHargovind Ram & Ram Chand (Dewans of Muhammad bin Tughluq)[1]
Named forHoshiar Khan of Bajwara
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation Hoshiarpur
 • MPSom Parkash (BJP)
 • MLABrahm Shankar Jimpa (AAP)
 • MayorSurinder Kumar Shinda (INC)[2]
Elevation
296 m (971 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total168,443
Demonym(s)Hoshiarpuria, Hoshiarpuri
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
146001
Area code+91-1882
Vehicle registrationPB-07
Websitehoshiarpur.nic.in

Hoshiarpur (Punjabi: [ɦʊʃɪˈaːɾpʊɾ] ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Hoshiarpur district in the Doaba region of the Indian state of Punjab. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the fourteenth century. In 1809, it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja Karanvir Singh and was united into the greater state of Punjab in 1849.[3]

Hoshiarpur has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 ft). Hoshiarpur district is located in the north-east part of the Indian state of Punjab. It falls in the Jalandhar Revenue Division and is situated in the Bist Doab portion of the Doaba region. Hoshiarpur shares a boundary with Kangra district, and Una district of Himachal Pradesh in the northeast. In the southwest, it borders Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Jalandhar district, and Kapurthala district, and in the northwest it borders Gurdaspur district.

Demographics

Religion in Hoshiarpur City[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
75.67%
Sikhism
21.45%
Jainism
0.93%
Islam
0.78%
Others
1.17%

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Hoshiarpur City had a population of 168,843 out of which 88,290 were males and 80,153 were females. The literacy rate was 89.11 per cent.[5]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,371. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. Hoshiarpur has an average literacy rate of 85.40%, compared to 81.00% of 2001. Male literacy is 89.90%, and female literacy is 80.80%. In Hoshiarpur, 10% of the population is under 11 years of age.

The Scheduled Caste population in this district is 34.3%[7][8]

Religious groups in Hoshiarpur City (1868−2011)[a]
Religious
group
1868[10] 1881[11][12]: 520 [13]: 250  1891[14]: 68 [15] 1901[16]: 44 [17]: 26  1911[18]: 23 [19]: 19  1921[20]: 25 [21]: 21  1931[22]: 26  1941[9]: 32  2011[23]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
Hinduism 6,350 48.76% 9,968 46.66% 9,910 45.98% 8,548 48.71% 8,198 46.98% 9,509 44.67% 11,942[b] 44.68% 15,478[b] 43.79% 127,615 75.67%
Islam 6,002 46.09% 10,641 49.81% 10,882 50.49% 8,243 46.97% 7,975 45.7% 10,169 47.78% 12,907 48.29% 16,834 47.63% 1,315 0.78%
Sikhism 119 0.91% 290 1.36% 270 1.25% 226 1.29% 667 3.82% 754 3.54% 1,188 4.44% 2,242 6.34% 36,178 21.45%
Christianity 62 0.48% 45 0.21% 78 0.44% 183 1.05% 328 1.54% 220 0.82% 262 0.74% 1,012 0.6%
Jainism 405 1.9% 444 2.06% 453 2.58% 426 2.44% 525 2.47% 473 1.77% 504 1.43% 1,551 0.92%
Judaism 0 0% 1 0.01% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Buddhism 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 235 0.14%
Others 489 3.76% 59 0.28% 1 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 25 0.07% 747 0.44%
Total population 13,022 100% 21,363 100% 21,552 100% 17,549 100% 17,449 100% 21,285 100% 26,730 100% 35,345 100% 168,653 100%

History

The archaeological explorations during the recent years have revealed the antiquity of the Hoshiarpur District to the Harappan Period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sites have been brought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the selfsame people as at Harappa and Mohenjadaro have also been detected in the Hoshiarpur District.[24]

Transport

Road

A statue of Maharishi Valmiki at Hoshiarpur.
Bhagwan Valmiki ISBT

Hoshiarpur's Bus Stand is Bhagwan Valmiki Interstate Bus Terminal, which has a large network of bus services of Punjab Roadways, Himachal Roadways, Delhi, Haryana Roadways, P.R.T.C,[25] Chandigarh Transport Undertaking, Jammu & Kashmir Roadways, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

Rail

Hoshiarpur railway station is a main railway station serving Hoshiarpur. Its code is HSX. It serves Hoshiarpur city. The station consists of one platform. The platform is not well sheltered. The station was constructed in 1905.The station has direct railway connectivity to Delhi, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ferozpur.

Air

The closest airport to Hoshiarpur is Adampur Airport,[26] 25 km (16 mi) south-west of the city. Adampur Airport, is a regional airport which serves one daily flight by Spicejet to Delhi Airport and another spicejet flight to Mumbai (Frequency varies). The nearest full fledge International Airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar, which is situated around 125 km North-West of Hoshiarpur.

Education

Universities

Panjab University Regional Centre

Notable people

This list only includes notable people from Hoshiarpur City, for those born in Hoshiarpur district see that article.

Politics

Civil Services

Karam Singh Raju – former principal secretary, Government of Punab

Business

Arts and culture

Simran Kaur Mundi
Monica Bedi is from the city

Hoshiarpur.

Sportspersons

Army

Notes

  1. ^ 1881-1941: Data for the entirety of the town of Hoshiarpur, which included Hoshiarpur Municipality, and Hoshiarpur Civil Lines.[9]: 32 
  2. ^ a b 1931-1941: Including Ad-Dharmis

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Council Hoshiarpur – About us". Municipal Council Hoshiarpur. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Home". mchoshiarpur.in.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hoshiarpur" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 787–788.
  4. ^ "Hoshiarpur City Population Census 2011 – Punjab".
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ "State-wise, District-wise List of Blocks with >40% but less than 50% SC population". Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Jat Sikhs: A Question of Identity". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB". Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  10. ^ (India), Punjab (1868). "Report on the census of the Punjab taken on 10th January, 1868". p. 66. JSTOR saoa.crl.25057644. Retrieved 7 July 2024.
  11. ^ "Census of India, 1881 Report on the Census of the Panjáb Taken on the 17th of February 1881, vol. I." 1881. JSTOR saoa.crl.25057656. Retrieved 14 January 2024.
  12. ^ "Census of India, 1881 Report on the Census of the Panjáb Taken on the 17th of February 1881, vol. II". 1881. JSTOR saoa.crl.25057657. Retrieved 14 January 2024.
  13. ^ "Census of India, 1881 Report on the Census of the Panjáb Taken on the 17th of February 1881, vol. III". 1881. JSTOR saoa.crl.25057658. Retrieved 20 January 2024.
  14. ^ "Census of India, 1891. General tables for British provinces and feudatory states". 1891. JSTOR saoa.crl.25318666. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  15. ^ "The Punjab and its feudatories, part II--Imperial Tables and Supplementary Returns for the British Territory". 1891. JSTOR saoa.crl.25318669. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  16. ^ "Census of India 1901. Vol. 1A, India. Pt. 2, Tables". 1901. JSTOR saoa.crl.25352838. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  17. ^ "Census of India 1901. [Vol. 17A]. Imperial tables, I-VIII, X-XV, XVII and XVIII for the Punjab, with the native states under the political control of the Punjab Government, and for the North-west Frontier Province". 1901. JSTOR saoa.crl.25363739. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  18. ^ "Census of India, 1911. Vol. 1., Pt. 2, Tables". 1911. JSTOR saoa.crl.25393779. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  19. ^ "Census of India 1911. Vol. 14, Punjab. Pt. 2, Tables". 1911. JSTOR saoa.crl.25393788. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  20. ^ "Census of India 1921. Vol. 1, India. Pt. 2, Tables". 1921. JSTOR saoa.crl.25394121. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  21. ^ "Census of India 1921. Vol. 15, Punjab and Delhi. Pt. 2, Tables". 1921. JSTOR saoa.crl.25430165. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  22. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1931 VOLUME XVII PUNJAB PART II TABLES". Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  23. ^ "C -1 POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY - 2011". census.gov.in. Retrieved 20 January 2024.
  24. ^ "History & Culture".
  25. ^ "PEPSU Road Transport Corporation, Patiala".
  26. ^ "How to reach".
  27. ^ "General Electoion 1989 Detailed results" (PDF). 1989.
  28. ^ "The Great Revolutionary Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia".
  29. ^ "1977 India General (6th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". elections.in. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  30. ^ "Once Upon a Time in Punjab". The Wire. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  31. ^ "Three sardars and their Hoshiarpur connection". Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  32. ^ "India News, Latest Sports, Bollywood, World, Business & Politics News". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012.