Hu
Kon Keu
Native toChina
RegionYunnan
Native speakers
1,000 (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
huo – Hu
kkn – Kon Keu (duplicate code)
Glottologhuuu1240  Hu
konk1268  Kon Keu
ELPHu

Hu (Chinese: 户语; pinyin: Hùyǔ), also Angku or Kon Keu, is a Palaungic language of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Its speakers are an unclassified ethnic minority; the Chinese government counts the Angku as members of the Bulang nationality, but the Angku language is not intelligible with Bulang.[2]

Distribution

According to Li (2006:340), there are fewer than 1,000 speakers living on the slopes of the "Kongge" Mountain ("控格山") in Na Huipa village (纳回帕村), Mengyang township (勐养镇), Jinghong (景洪市, a county-level city).[3]

Hu speakers call themselves the xuʔ55, and the local Dai peoples call them the "black people" (黑人), as well as xɔn55 kɤt35, meaning 'surviving souls'.[4] They are also known locally as the Kunge people (昆格人) or Kongge people (控格人).[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Li (2006).
  2. ^ Hu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ "Jǐnghóng Shì Měngyǎng Zhèn Kūngé Cūnwěihuì Nàhuípà" 景洪市勐养镇昆格村委会纳回帕 [Nahuipa, Kunge Village Committee, Mengyang Town, Jinghong City]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-02-02. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  4. ^ Yan & Zhou (2012), p. 152.

Further reading

  • Jiang, Guangyou 蒋光友; Shi, Jian 时建 (2016). Kūngéyǔ cānkǎo yǔfǎ 昆格语参考语法 [A Reference Grammar of Kunge [Hu]] (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe. ISBN 978-7-5161-8444-8.
  • Li, Jinfang 李锦芳 (2006). Xīnán dìqū bīnwēi yǔyán diàochá yánjiū 西南地区濒危语言调查研究 [Studies on Endangered Languages in the Southwest China] (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhongyang minzu daxue chubanshe.
  • Svantesson, Jan-Olof (1991). "Hu – a Language with Unorthodox Tonogenesis". In Davidson, Jeremy H.C.S. (ed.). Austroasiatic Languages: Essays in Honour of H. L. Shorto (PDF). London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. pp. 67–80.
  • Yan, Qixiang 颜其香; Zhou, Zhizhi 周植志 (2012). Zhōngguó Mèng-Gāomián yǔzú yǔyán yǔ Nányǎ yǔxì 中国孟高棉语族语言与南亚语系 [Mon-Khmer Languages of China and the Austroasiatic Family]. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe. ISBN 978-7-5097-2860-4.