Coordinates: 27°34′11″N 110°00′06″E / 27.5698°N 110.0016°E / 27.5698; 110.0016

Huaihua
怀化市
Yuan River in Yuanling County
Location of Huaihua City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Huaihua City jurisdiction in Hunan
Huaihua is located in Hunan
Huaihua
Huaihua
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates (Yingfeng Park (迎丰公园)): 27°33′39″N 109°59′08″E / 27.5608°N 109.9856°E / 27.5608; 109.9856
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Municipal seatHecheng District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city27,600 km2 (10,700 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
64.00 km2 (24.71 sq mi)
 • Districts[1]722.8 km2 (279.1 sq mi)
Population
 • Prefecture-level city5,000,000
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
623,800
 • Urban density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Districts[1]
855,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-12
Websitewww.huaihua.gov.cn

Huaihua (simplified Chinese: 怀化市; traditional Chinese: 懷化市; pinyin: Huáihuà Shì) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Hunan province, China. It covers 27,564 km2 (10,643 sq mi) and is bordered by Xiangxi to the northwest, Zhangjiajie and Changde to the north, Yiyang, Loudi and Shaoyang to the east, Guilin and Liuzhou of Guangxi to the south, and Qiandongnan and Tongren of Guizhou to the southwest. It has a population of 4,741,948 (2010 census), accounting for 7.22% of the provincial population.[2][3] According to the 2010 Census, 2,909,574 people, or 61.4% of the population, are Han Chinese. Minorities constitute 38.6% of the population, with 1,832,289 people. The Dong, Miao, Tujia, Yao and Bai are major native minority groups.[4] Huaihua is the central region of the Dong ethnic population, home to nearly 28.35% of the Chinese Dong ethnic group.[5]

Huaihua is very mountainous, being located between the Wuyi and Xuefeng mountain ranges. The Yuan river runs from the south to the north. The forest coverage reached 70.8% in 2015.[6]

Administration

Map

Geography and economy

Huaihua lies in the mountainous west of Hunan, south-east of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, and shares the same mountain belt. Railroads is a major means of transportation in the region, and an airport was opened in 2004.

Huaihua is home to the Second Artillery Corps Base 55, which is charged with maintaining ICBMs. [1][2] The nuclear assets at Huaihua are intended for small-scale nuclear conflicts [3] (with a limited, but nuclear, exchange), as well as the ability to strike Guam, one of only two B-2 bases.

Climate

Climate data for Huaihua (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
10.8
(51.4)
16.0
(60.8)
22.4
(72.3)
26.5
(79.7)
29.6
(85.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91.0)
28.9
(84.0)
22.9
(73.2)
17.3
(63.1)
10.9
(51.6)
21.6
(70.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
5.0
(41.0)
8.5
(47.3)
14.1
(57.4)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
25.1
(77.2)
23.9
(75.0)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.3
(39.7)
14.1
(57.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.6
(2.31)
74.3
(2.93)
107.8
(4.24)
130.8
(5.15)
220.9
(8.70)
250.4
(9.86)
153.8
(6.06)
94.3
(3.71)
95.4
(3.76)
70.5
(2.78)
88.8
(3.50)
44.5
(1.75)
1,390.1
(54.75)
Source: National Meteorological Center of CMA[7]

Government

Main article: Politics of Huaihua

The current CPC Party Secretary of Huaihua is Peng Guofu and the current Mayor is Lei Shaoye.

Transportation

Huaihua railway station

Huaihua is located at a major railway node and its economy has historically benefited from the concentration of railways meeting in the city. Five major railways, the Shanghai–Kunming railway, the Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway, the Jiaozuo–Liuzhou railway, the Chongqing–Huaihua railway, and the Zhangjiajie–Huaihua high-speed railway intersect in the city. Through these railways Huaihua has connections to almost all major Chinese cities. Passenger trains are served by the Huaihua railway station. Huaihua South railway station meanwhile is served by high-speed trains.

A rail freight handling station, Huaihua West, was opened on 31 January 2021.[8]

Huaihua is on the route of G65 Baotou-Maoming Expressway, which connects it with Chongqing to the northwest. It is also on the route of G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway, which connects it with Guiyang to the west, and Changsha to the east. Other roads that run through the city include China National Highway 209 and China National Highway 320.

By air, Huaihua is served by Huaihua Zhijiang Airport, located some 31 kilometers from the city proper in the Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ Huaihua Census 2010 Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine and Hunan Census 2010 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ xzqh.org: Huaihua introduction, also see Huaihua Yearbook 2015
  4. ^ Ethnic group Analysis of Huaihua Census 2010 (2012-11-30)
  5. ^ According to China census 2010, there is 2,879,974 Dong ethnic population; Huaihua lives 816,481 population of Dong ethnic group, it shares 28.35% of Chinese Dong people.
  6. ^ the forest coverage in 2015 is according to 2015 Statistical Report on National Economy and Social Development of Huaihua
  7. ^ "怀化天气预报". China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  8. ^ "新怀化西货场惊艳登场, 为大湘西改革发展按下"快进键"" [New Huaihua West cargo market amazing debut, for the reform and development of Daxiang West press the "fast-forward key"]. 高铁网 (in Chinese). 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)