Huaping County
华坪县
Location of Huaping County (pink) and Lijiang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Location of Huaping County (pink) and Lijiang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Huaping is located in Yunnan
Huaping
Huaping
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 26°39′33″N 101°16′44″E / 26.65917°N 101.27889°E / 26.65917; 101.27889
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityLijiang
Area
 • Total2,266 km2 (875 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total159,695
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
674800
Area code0888
ClimateCwa

Huaping County (simplified Chinese: 华坪县; traditional Chinese: 華坪縣; pinyin: Huápíng Xiàn) is a county of Lijiang City, in the north of Yunnan province, China, bordering Sichuan province to the east. Located at the northwestern of Yunnan, it covers an area of 2,200-square-kilometre (850 sq mi) and had a population of 159,695 in 2020 statistics. Huaping County has four towns and four ethnic townships under its jurisdiction, its administrative centre is at the town of Zhongxin.

History

The earliest evidence of human settlement in Huaping County dates back to the Neolithic Age and is related to the Huilongwan archaeological relics (回龙弯遗迹).[1]

The first dynasty to rule Huaping County was the Han dynasty (202 BC–220 AD), beginning in 130 BC, after Emperor Wu sent Sima Xiangru to appease the tribes in southwest China (西南夷).[1] In 111 BC, it known as Shifu County (姑复县) and was under the jurisdiction of Yuesui Commandery [zh].[1]

In the Three Kingdoms period (220–280), Zhuge Liang went on a punitive expedition to the southern tribes, after Meng Huo surrendered, it came under the jurisdiction of Yunnan Commandery [zh].[2]

In the Tang dynasty (618–907), in 624, it came under the jurisdiction of Yao Zhou [zh].[1] After the An Lushan Rebellion, the Tang Empire fell into recession, soon after the establishment of the Nanzhao Kingdom at the end of the 8th century, it became part of the kingdom and came under the jurisdiction of Shanju Commandery [zh].[1]

In the Song dynasty (960–1279), the region including the current Yunnan province became under the rule of Dali Kingdom.[3]

In the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), it came under Mongolian sovereign and came under the jurisdiction of Beisheng Zhou [zh].[1]

In the late Qing dynasty (1644–1911), after the bureaucratization of native officers, it was under the jurisdiction of Yongbei Zhili Department (永北直隶厅).[1] In 1909, Huaping County was officially established.[1] Since then, Huaping has officially become an administrative organ at the county level.[1]

Huaping County was controlled by the People's Liberation Army in 1950.[1] It was under jurisdiction of Lijiang in 1980.[1]

Administrative division

According to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Huaping county in 2015, Huaping County has four towns and four ethnic townships under its jurisdiction.

Name Chinese character Population (2017) Area (Km2) Note
Zhongxin 中心镇 47,403 326.4
Rongjiang 荣将镇 33,450 412.9
Xingquan 兴泉镇 18,516 228.7
Shilongba 石龙坝镇 18,000 315.4
Xinzhuang Lisu and Dai Ethnic Township 新庄傈僳族傣族乡 17,526 276.6
Tongda Lisu Ethnic Township 通达傈僳族乡 8,317 151.7
Yongxing Lisu Ethnic Township 永兴傈僳族乡 12,844 314.6
Chuanfang Lisu and Dai Ethnic Township 船房傈僳族傣族乡 9,685 173.6

Geography

Huaping County lies at the northwestern of Yunnan, bordering Lijiang to the west, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture to the south, Ninglang Yi Autonomous County to the north, and Panzhihua to the east. The county has a total area of 2,200-square-kilometre (850 sq mi).[4]

The average altitude of the county is 1,160-metre (3,810 ft). The highest point in Huaping County is Pidi Liangzi (匹底梁子) which stands 3,198-metre (10,492 ft) above sea level.[5] The lowest point is Tangba Estuary (塘坝河口), which, at 1,015-metre (3,330 ft) above sea level.[5]

Rivers

The Xinzhuang River and Wumu River, tributaries of the Jinsha River, winds through Huaping County.

Climate

Huaping County experiences a subtropical low heat valley climate, with an average annual temperature of 19.8 °C (67.6 °F), total annual rainfall of 870-millimetre (34 in), and a frost-free period of 303.2 days.

Climate data for Huaping, elevation 1,231 m (4,039 ft), (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
32.1
(89.8)
36.2
(97.2)
38.9
(102.0)
40.5
(104.9)
41.8
(107.2)
39.9
(103.8)
35.9
(96.6)
34.8
(94.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.7
(87.3)
27.9
(82.2)
41.8
(107.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
24.9
(76.8)
28.5
(83.3)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.9
(89.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.1
(82.6)
26.5
(79.7)
23.6
(74.5)
21.0
(69.8)
27.5
(81.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
23.1
(73.6)
25.0
(77.0)
25.5
(77.9)
24.4
(75.9)
23.8
(74.8)
22.1
(71.8)
19.7
(67.5)
15.2
(59.4)
11.7
(53.1)
19.8
(67.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.5
(45.5)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
18.8
(65.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.7
(69.3)
20.1
(68.2)
18.8
(65.8)
15.6
(60.1)
9.9
(49.8)
5.6
(42.1)
14.2
(57.5)
Record low °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
1.4
(34.5)
1.3
(34.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.1
(52.0)
13.5
(56.3)
14.9
(58.8)
14.3
(57.7)
10.9
(51.6)
8.8
(47.8)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.1
(0.28)
2.9
(0.11)
6.6
(0.26)
14.0
(0.55)
59.6
(2.35)
172.3
(6.78)
274.7
(10.81)
251.3
(9.89)
204.0
(8.03)
70.8
(2.79)
15.7
(0.62)
3.2
(0.13)
1,082.2
(42.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 2.4 3.9 4.8 10.4 17.2 23.5 22.7 19.8 11.3 3.4 1.2 122.8
Average relative humidity (%) 57 44 37 39 50 66 78 79 80 77 71 68 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 251.6 235.0 248.4 235.3 214.6 160.1 118.9 131.4 127.0 183.4 228.9 251.5 2,386.1
Percent possible sunshine 76 74 66 61 51 39 28 33 35 52 71 78 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration[6][7]

Economy

In 2020, the regional GDP of Huaping County reached 7.42 billion yuan, an increase of 16.5%, ranking the first in Yunnan. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 1.01 billion yuan, an increase of 4%; the added value of the secondary industry was 3.62 billion yuan, an increase of 18.5%, the seventh fastest growth rate in Yunnan; the added value of the tertiary industry was 2.79 billion yuan, an increase of 18%, the fastest growth rate in Yunnan.[8]

Huaping County's economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry, tourism, and mineral resources. The main crops are rice, wheat, corn, potato and vegetable. Mango, walnut, pomegranate, citrus, Zanthoxylum, bamboo, peach, and pear are the economic plants of the county.

Mineral resources

Huaping County has an abundance of coal, iron, copper, granite, gypsum, kaolinite, bauxite, baryte, and feldspar.[9]

Demographics

Population

Population census
YearPop.±%
1949 66,307—    
1953 74,010+11.6%
1964 85,916+16.1%
1982 128,572+49.6%
1990 141,612+10.1%
2017 159,695+12.8%
Source: [10]

As of 2020, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the county's population now to be 159,695.[11] There are 26 nationalities live in the county, including Han, Lisu, Yi, Dai, Hui and Miao.

Language

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Southwestern Mandarin and native language.

Religion

Most people in Huaping County believe in Theravada Buddhism, and a few believe in Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism.[12] Catholicism spread into the country as early as the Republic of China.[12] French missionaries built four churches in the county.[12]

Education

As of 2015, Huaping County has three high schools (including one private school), one vocational high school, one teacher training school, three middle schools, 62 primary schools and 36 kindergartens (including 34 private schools).

Tourism

Huaping County is famous for its beautiful natural scenery, including Dragon Palace Cave (龙宫洞), Fairy Cave (仙人洞), Carp River Water Conservancy Scenic Spot (鲤鱼河水利风景区), and Fruit Mountain Scenic Spot (果子山景区).[13] Two public parks are located in the county: Zhongxin Martyrs Memorial Park (中心烈士陵园) and Yongxing Martyrs Memorial Park (永兴烈士陵园).[14]

Transportation

The G4216 Expressway, also known as "Rong–Li Expressway", connects the county to Yongsheng County to the west, and Panzhihua to the east.

The China National Highway 353 is a major east-southwest highway that runs through the central county and intersects with the G4216 Expressway in the town of Rongjiang.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 35.
  2. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 7.
  3. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 8.
  4. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 51.
  5. ^ a b He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 1.
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 April 2023.
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 April 2023.
  8. ^ 华坪概况. Government of Huaping County (in Chinese). 25 December 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  9. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 94.
  10. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 84.
  11. ^ 丽江市第七次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Lijiang Daily (in Chinese). 26 May 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  12. ^ a b c He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 140.
  13. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 790.
  14. ^ He Jing & Liu Zhengfang 1997, p. 772.

Bibliography