Hugh Smith Thompson
81st Governor of South Carolina
In office
December 1, 1882 – July 10, 1886
LieutenantJohn Calhoun Sheppard
Preceded byJohnson Hagood
Succeeded byJohn Calhoun Sheppard
3rd South Carolina Superintendent of Education
In office
December 14, 1876 – December 1, 1882
GovernorWade Hampton III
William Dunlap Simpson
Thomas Bothwell Jeter
Johnson Hagood
Preceded byJohn R. Tolbert
Succeeded byAsbury Coward
Personal details
Hugh Smith Thompson

(1836-01-24)January 24, 1836
Charleston, South Carolina
DiedNovember 20, 1904(1904-11-20) (aged 68)
New York City, New York
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Clarkson
Alma materSouth Carolina Military Academy (The Citadel)
ProfessionSoldier, educator, politician

Hugh Smith Thompson (January 24, 1836 – November 20, 1904) was the 81st Governor of South Carolina, from 1882 to 1886.

Born in Charleston, Thompson graduated from the South Carolina Military Academy (now The Citadel) in 1856 and was an instructor at the Arsenal Academy from 1858 to 1861. Leading a battalion of Citadel cadets on January 9, 1861, they fired the first shots of the American Civil War when they opened fire on the Union ship Star of the West entering Charleston's harbor. For the remainder of the war, he served as an instructor of the cadets at the Citadel Academy.[1]

At the end of hostilities in 1865, Thompson became the Principal of Columbia Male Academy until 1880. In 1876, he was nominated by the state Democrats for the position of Superintendent of Education which he won upon the resolution of the controversial gubernatorial election in the favor of Wade Hampton and the Democrats. He was reelected in 1878 and 1880 without opposition and in 1882 Thompson lobbied for the presidency of South Carolina College. However, he emerged as a dark horse candidate for governor after the split of the state Democrats between John Bratton and John Doby Kennedy. After the second ballot at the nominating convention, both Bratton and Kennedy withdrew their names and Thompson became the Democratic candidate for the gubernatorial election of 1882.[2][3]

Thompson easily won the general election against J. Hendrix McLane and became the 81st governor of South Carolina. He was reelected without opposition in the gubernatorial election of 1884 and his time as governor was marked by stability of the state and unity within the Democratic party. Upon being appointed in 1886 by President Grover Cleveland to be Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Thompson resigned as governor. In 1889, he became the commissioner of the U.S. Civil Service Commission after appointment by President Benjamin Harrison. He retired from public service in 1892 and for over a decade was the comptroller of the New York Life Insurance Company.[2][3]

On November 20, 1904, Thompson died in New York City and was buried at Trinity Episcopal churchyard in Columbia.[4]


  1. ^ "Hugh Smith Thompson". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on September 20, 2020. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Necrology: Hugh Smith Thompson". The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine. 6 (1): 44–46. 1905. JSTOR 27575091 – via JSTOR.
  3. ^ a b Edgar, Walter, ed. (2006). The South Carolina Encyclopedia. University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 9781570035982.
  4. ^ "South Carolina Governor - Hugh Smith Thompson - 1882-1886". Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
Party political offices Preceded byJohnson Hagood Democratic nominee for Governor of South Carolina1882, 1884 Succeeded byJohn Peter Richardson III Political offices Preceded byJohnson Hagood Governor of South Carolina1882–1886 Succeeded byJohn Calhoun Sheppard