Title-page of 1658 edition of Urn-Burial together with The Garden of Cyrus

Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial, or, a Discourse of the Sepulchral Urns lately found in Norfolk is a work by Sir Thomas Browne, published in 1658 as the first part of a two-part work that concludes with The Garden of Cyrus.

The title is Greek for "urn burial": A hydria (ὑδρία) is a large Greek pot, and taphos (τάφος) means "tomb".

Its nominal subject was the discovery of some 40 to 50 Anglo-Saxon pots in Norfolk.[1] The discovery of these remains prompts Browne to deliver, first, a description of the antiquities found, and then a survey of most of the burial and funerary customs, ancient and current, of which his era was aware.

The most famous part of the work is the apotheosis of the fifth chapter, where Browne declaims:

But man is a Noble Animal, splendid in ashes, and pompous in the grave, solemnizing Nativities and Deaths with equal lustre, nor omitting Ceremonies of bravery, in the infamy of his nature. Life is a pure flame, and we live by an invisible Sun within us.

George Saintsbury, in the Cambridge History of English Literature (1911), calls the totality of Chapter V "the longest piece, perhaps, of absolutely sublime rhetoric to be found in the prose literature of the world."[2]


Urn Burial has been admired by Charles Lamb, Samuel Johnson, John Cowper Powys, James Joyce, and Herman Melville,[3] while Ralph Waldo Emerson said that it "smells in every word of the sepulchre".[4]

Browne's text is discussed in W. G. Sebald's novel The Rings of Saturn.[5]

The English composer William Alwyn wrote his Symphony No. 5, subtitled Hydriotaphia, in homage to Browne's imagery and rhythmic prose.

The American composer Douglas J. Cuomo's The Fate of His Ashes: Requiem for Victims of Power for chorus and organ takes its text from Urn Burial.

Eric Ambler excerpts a passage from chapter 5 ("But the iniquity of oblivion blindely scattereth her poppy...") as the epigram for the novel The Mask of Dimitrios.

Derek Walcott uses an excerpt as the epigraph to his poem "Ruins of a Great House",[6] while Edgar Allan Poe quotes the Urn Burial in the epigraph of "The Murders in the Rue Morgue".[7]

Kevin Powers uses an excerpt from the fifth chapter ("To be ignorant of evils to come, and forgetfull of evils past...") as one of the epigraphs for his novel "The Yellow Birds".

Alain de Botton references the work in his book Status Anxiety.[8]

Borges refers to it in the final line of his short story "Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius".

It also appears in the novel Sanshirō, written by Natsume Sōseki; Hirota-sensei lent the book to Sanshirō.


  1. ^ "Spoilheap: Antiquities and the Art of Contemplation". British Archaeology. 176: 66. January–February 2021. ISSN 1357-4442.
  2. ^ George Saintsbury (1911). "Antiquaries". In A. W. Ward; A. R. Waller (eds.). The Cambridge History of English Literature. Vol. 7. Cambridge University Press. p. 242.
  3. ^ Foley, Brian (1984). "Herman Melville and the Example of Sir Thomas Browne". Modern Philology. 81 (3): 265–277. JSTOR 437269.
  4. ^ Journals of Ralph Waldo Emerson: with annotations, Volume 1[full citation needed]
  5. ^ In chapters 1 and 10 of The Rings of Saturn W. G. Sebald Harvill Press 1998
  6. ^ "Ruins of a Great House". poetryarchive.org. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  7. ^ Poe, Edgar A. (1846). "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" . Tales . London: Wiley & Putnam. p. 116 – via Wikisource.
  8. ^ Alain de Botton (2004). Status Anxiety. Vintage International. pp. 228–229. ISBN 9780375725357.