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IDBI Bank Limited
TypePublicly traded subsidiary
IndustryFinancial services
PredecessorIndustrial Development Bank of India
Founded1 July 1964; 57 years ago (1964-07-01)[1]
FounderGovernment of India by an Act of Parliament
HeadquartersIDBI Tower, WTC Complex, Cuffe Parade, ,
India[2]
Key people
Products
RevenueDecrease 24,504 crore (US$3.2 billion) (2021)
Increase 2,484 crore (US$330 million) (2021)
Increase 1,514 crore (US$200 million) (2021)
Total assetsDecrease 300,713 crore (US$39 billion) (2021)
Total equityDecrease 24,455 crore (US$3.2 billion) (2020)
Owner
Number of employees
17,736 (March 2021)
Subsidiaries
  • IDBI Capital Markets & Securities
  • IDBI Intech
  • IDBI Asset Management
  • IDBI MF Trustee Company
  • IDBI Trusteeship Services[3]
Capital ratio13.31%
Websitewww.idbibank.in Edit this at Wikidata

The IDBI Bank Limited (IDBI Bank or IDBI) is an Indian private sector bank and a subsidiary of Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) providing financial and banking services. It was established in 1964 as Industrial Development Bank of India, a development finance institution, which provided financial services to industrial sector. In 2005, the institution was merged with its commercial division, IDBI Bank, forming the present-day banking entity and was categorised as "other public sector banks" category. Later in March 2019, RBI recategorised it as a private bank.[4] Many national institutes find their roots in IDBI like SIDBI, India Exim Bank,[5] National Stock Exchange of India and National Securities Depository Limited.

The bank has an aggregate balance sheet size of ₹3.74 trillion as of 31 March 2016.[6] It has 3,683 ATMs, 1,892 branches, including one overseas branch in Dubai, 58 e-lounges and 1,407 centres as of 1 February 2020.[7] As of September 2021, Life Insurance Corporation holds the 49.24% shareholding and the Union government holds 45.48%, with LIC being in control of the management of the bank.

History

Overview of development banking in India

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Development Banking emerged after the Second World War and the Great Depression in the 1930s. The demand for reconstruction funds for the affected nations compelled in setting up of national institutions for reconstruction. At the time of Independence in 1947, India had a fairly developed banking system. The adoption of bank dominated financial development strategy was aimed at meeting the sectoral credit needs, particularly of agriculture and industry. Towards this end, the Reserve Bank concentrated on regulating and developing mechanisms for institution building. The commercial banking network was expanded to cater to the requirements of general banking and for meeting the short-term working capital requirements of industry and agriculture. Specialized Development Financial Institutions (DFIs) such as the IDBI, NABARD, NHB and SIDBI were set up to meet the long-term financing requirements of industry and agriculture.

Formation of Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)

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The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) was established in 1964 under an Act of Parliament as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India. In 1976, the ownership of IDBI was transferred to the Union government and it was made the principal financial institution for coordinating the activities of institutions engaged in financing, promoting and developing industry in India. IDBI provided financial assistance, both in rupee and foreign currencies, for green-field projects and also for expansion, modernization, and diversification purposes. In the wake of financial sector reforms unveiled by the government since 1992, IDBI also provided indirect financial assistance by way of refinancing of loans extended by State-level financial institutions and banks and by way of rediscounting of bills of exchange arising out of the sale of indigenous machinery on deferred payment terms.

After the public issue of IDBI in July 1995, the government shareholding in the bank came down from 100% to 75%.

IDBI played a pioneering role, particularly in the pre-reform era (1964–91), in catalyzing broad-based industrial development in India in keeping with its Government-ordained 'development banking' charter.
Some of the institutions built with the support of IDBI are the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL), the Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), the Credit Analysis & Research Ltd, the Exim Bank (India), the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and the Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India.

Conversion of IDBI into a commercial bank

A committee formed by RBI recommended the development financial institution (IDBI) to diversify its activity and harmonize the role of development financing and banking activities by getting away from the conventional distinction between commercial banking and developmental banking. To keep up with reforms in financial sector, IDBI reshaped its role from a development finance institution to a commercial institution. With the Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2003, IDBI attained the status of a limited company viz., IDBI Ltd.[citation needed]

Subsequently, in September 2004, the Reserve Bank of India incorporated IDBI as a 'scheduled bank' under the RBI Act, 1934. Consequently, IDBI formally entered the portals of banking business as IDBI Ltd. from 1 October 2004.[citation needed] The commercial banking arm, IDBI Bank, was merged into IDBI in 2005.[4]

Direct government intervention

The merger was expected to streamline operations of the bank. However, IDBI continued to base its policy towards industrial sector like the erstwhile IDBI entity did. This resulted in the retail business of the bank to be limited to 13 percent of its total business. As of March 2018, the total Non Performing Assets (NPA) rose to 55,588 crore (equivalent to 630 billion or US$8.3 billion in 2020) and were about 28 percent of its total loans. This was the highest among Indian banks. The Union government intervened, with Life Insurance Corporation bailing out the bank with an infusion of ₹9,300 crores.[4]

On 29 June 2018, LIC got a technical go-ahead from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to increase stake in IDBI Bank up to 51%.[8] LIC completed the acquisition of 51% controlling stake on 21 January 2019, with a total investment of ₹21,624 crores.[9][10]

Operations

Acquisition of United Western Bank

In 2006, IDBI Bank acquired United Western Bank (headquartered at Satara) in a rescue. By acquiring UWB, IDBI Bank doubled the number of its branches from 195 to 425.[11][12]

Strategic disinvestment to LIC

LIC of India completed the acquisition of 51% controlling stake in the bank in January 2019, making it the majority shareholder. Subsequent to the enhancement of equity stake by LIC of India, Reserve Bank of India has clarified via press release on 14 March 2019, that IDBI Bank stands re-categorised as a private sector bank, with retrospective effect from 21 January 2019. LIC took over the management control of the bank while the Union government, categorised as a promoter.[13]

Listings and shareholding

IDBI Bank's equity shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India.[14][15][needs update] As of September 2021, the Union government held 45.48% shares in IDBI Bank, while LIC held 49.24% and the remaining is held by non-promoters.[13]

Employees

As of 31 March 2015, the bank had 16,555 employees, out of which 197 were employees with disabilities.[16] The average age of bank employees on the same date was 34 years.[16] The bank reported a business of ₹25.64 crores per employee and a net profit of ₹12.17 lakhs per employee during the FY 2012–13.[16] The company incurred a loss of ₹1,538 crores towards employee benefit expenses during the same financial year. As promised by the bank's MD and CEO the employees will keep getting the same benefits and enjoy the same job security even after LIC getting the promoter status.[citation needed]

IDBI Intech

IDBI Intech Ltd.
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryIT Solutions & Services in Banking and Finance services
FoundedMarch 2000
HeadquartersNavi Mumbai, India
ServicesIT Consulting
IT Services
Outsourcing
Software Products
Number of employees
1750 (As on 31 October 2021)
ParentIDBI Bank
WebsiteIDBI Intech Ltd

IDBI Intech Ltd. (IIL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of IDBI Bank, established in 2000.[17]

It provides IT related services in the areas of Consultancy, System Integration, System implementation & support, Applications & Server hosting and other IT related managed services and specialized training.[18][19]

IDBI Intech has been accredited with ISO 9001:2000 certification for IT-related services including Data Centre Management and Call Centre, and also Certified IT Security Auditing Organisation with the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In).[20]

Awards and recognitions

See also

References

  1. ^ "About us". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Contact Us". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  3. ^ "IDBI Group". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Gupta, Arindam (25 August 2021). "Tumultuous journey of a development bank". Business Line. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  5. ^ India Exim Bank
  6. ^ "About us". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  7. ^ "IDBI Bank Branch & ATM Locator". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  8. ^ "IRDAI clears LIC IDBI Bank Deal". The Economic Times. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  9. ^ "LIC completes acquisition of 51% stake in IDBI Bank". The Economic Times. 21 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  10. ^ K., Ram Kumar (8 March 2021). "LIC holds the key in Govt's IDBI Bank stake sale". Business Line. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  11. ^ "History". IDBI Bank. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  12. ^ "United Western Bank to merge with IDBI". Rediff.com. 13 September 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  13. ^ a b "IDBI Bank strategic sale: Most merchant bankers indicate 52 weeks' time". The Economic Times. 19 September 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  14. ^ "IDBI Bank". BSEindia.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  15. ^ "IDBI Bank". NSE India. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  16. ^ a b c "Annual Report 2012-13" (PDF). IDBI Bank. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  17. ^ IDBI Intech Official Website
  18. ^ IDBI to ramp up IDBI Intech
  19. ^ IDBI Bank wins Asian Banker Technology Implementation Award 2011
  20. ^ http://www.cert-in.org.in/panelofauditors.htm
  21. ^ "IDBI Bank on the Forbes Global 2000 List". Forbes. May 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  22. ^ "IDBI Bank Wins Dun & Bradstreet Banking Awards 2011 for Overall Best Bank & Best Public Sector Bank". Business Standard. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  23. ^ "IDBI Bank bags IBA's prestigious Banking Technology Awards". Business Standard. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2014.