|IEC voltage range||AC RMS
|DC voltage (V)||Defining risk|
|High voltage||> 1,000||> 1,500||Electrical arcing|
|Low voltage||50 to 1,000||120 to 1,500||Electrical shock|
|Extra-low voltage||< 50||< 120||Low risk|
International Standard IEC 60038, IEC standard voltages, defines a set of standard voltages for use in low voltage and high voltage AC and DC electricity supply systems.
Where two voltages are given below separated by "/", the first is the root-mean-square voltage between a phase and the neutral connector, whereas the second is the corresponding root-mean-square voltage between two phases (exception: the category shown below called "One Phase", where 240 V is the root-mean-square voltage between the two legs of a split phase). The three-phase voltages are for use in either four-wire (with neutral) or three-wire (without neutral) systems.
Suppliers using 220 V / 380 V or 240 V / 415 V systems were expected by the standard to migrate to the recommended value of 230 V / 400 V by the year 2003. This migration has already been largely completed, at least within the European Union.
|Year||Neutral-Phase [V] / Phase-Phase [V]||Tolerances|
|— 1987||220 V / 380 V||– 10% .. +10%|
|1988 — 2003||230 V / 400 V||– 10% .. + 6%|
|2003 —||230 V / 400 V||– 10% .. +10%|
Table 3 of IEC 60038 lists nominal voltages above 1 kV and not exceeding 35 kV. There are two series, one from 3 kV up to 35 kV and another one from 4.16 kV up to 34.5 kV.
Table 4 shows nominal voltages above 35 kV and not exceeding 230 kV.
Table 5 is systematically different, as the highest voltage for equipment is the characteristic value exceeding 245 kV. The enumeration begins at 300 kV and ends with 1200 kV.