NamesIndian Remote Sensing satellite-P2
Mission typeEarth observation
COSPAR ID1994-068A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.23323
Mission duration3 years (planned)
3 years (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerIndian Space Research Organisation
Launch mass804 kg (1,773 lb)
Dry mass724 kg (1,596 lb)
Power510 watts
Start of mission
Launch date15 October 1994. 05:05 UTC
RocketPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-D2
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre, First Launch Pad (FLP)
ContractorIndian Space Research Organisation
Entered service7 November 1994
End of mission
Deactivated15 September 1997 [2]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[3]
RegimeSun-synchronous orbit
Perigee altitude804 km (500 mi)
Apogee altitude881 km (547 mi)
Period98.7 minutes
Linear Imaging Self-Scanning Sensor-2M (LISS-2M)
← IRS-1E
IRS-1C →

IRS-P2 was an Earth observation satellite launched under the National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) programme undertaken by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The objectives of the mission were to provide spaceborne capability to India in observing and managing natural resources and utilizing them in a productive manner.[clarification needed] The satellite carried imaging multi-spectral radiometers on board for radio sensing of the resources.


The satellite was designed, developed and tested in just one and a half years.[4] IRS-P2 is one of the satellites in the Indian Remote Sensing Programme of Earth Observation satellites, assembled, launched and maintained by the Indian Space Research Organisation.[5] The satellite was controlled by ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bangalore, Lucknow and Mauritius. The National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSC), Hyderabad received the first signal from IRS-P2, 98 minutes after the launch. The IRS-P2 was declared operational from 7 November 1994 after certain orbital manoeuvres and started its 3-year-long observation mission.[6][7] The letter "P" indicates that the satellite was to be launched aboard a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).[5]


IRS-P2 carried an instrument, the Linear Imaging Self-Scanning Sensor-2M (LISS-2M),[2] two solid state push broom cameras operating using Charge-coupled device (CCD) and were capable of providing imagery in four spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared range with 32 m (105 ft) resolution.[8][9]


IRS-P2 completed its mission successfully on 15 September 1997 after a duration of 3 years.[10]

The images was marketed through a private company in the United States.[11] The data transmitted from the satellite was gathered from National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad and EOSAT, a partnership of Hughes Aircraft and RCA.[12]

See also


  1. ^ "IRS-P2". Gunter's Space Page. 7 July 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b "IRS-P2". WMO. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Trajectory: IRS-P2 1994-068A". NASA. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "India's IRS family comes of age (Indian Remote Sensing satellites)". Hindustan Times. 1 August 1996. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "IRS-P3". ESA Earth Online. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  6. ^ "PSLV launch vehicle". Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  7. ^ "India (Launchers)". Spacecraft Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  8. ^ "IRS-P2". Vikram Sarabhai Space Center. 6 July 2013. Archived from the original on 6 July 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Earth Observation Satellites > IRS-P2". ISRO. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Earth Observation History on Technology Introduction" (PDF). ESA. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Display: IRS-P2 1994-068A". NASA. 27 April 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  12. ^ "IRS (Indian Remote Sensing Satellite)". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 8 March 2013.