The Lord Lang of Monkton
Official portrait of Lord Lang of Monkton 2020 crop 2.jpg
Secretary of State for Trade & Industry
President of the Board of Trade
In office
5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byMichael Heseltine
Succeeded byMargaret Beckett
Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
28 November 1990 – 5 July 1995
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byMalcolm Rifkind
Succeeded byMichael Forsyth
Member of Parliament
for Galloway and Upper Nithsdale
Galloway (1979-1983)
In office
3 May 1979 – 8 April 1997
Preceded byGeorge Thompson
Succeeded byAlasdair Morgan
Personal details
Born (1940-06-27) 27 June 1940 (age 82)
Alma materSidney Sussex College, Cambridge

Ian Bruce Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton, PC DL (born 27 June 1940) is a British Conservative Party politician and Life Peer who served as the Member of Parliament for Galloway, and then Galloway and Upper Nithsdale, from 1979 to 1997.

On 29 September 1997 Lang was raised to the peerage. He was an active member of the House of Lords until his retirement on 30 June 2022, including being the Chairman of the Constitution Committee. He also served as Chair of the Advisory Committee on Business Appointments from 2009 to 2014.[1]

Early life

Lang was educated at Lathallan School, at Rugby School from 1954 to 1958, and at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge from 1959 to 1962, where he obtained a BA (Hons.) degree in History.[2] He was also a member of the Cambridge Footlights.[3]

Parliamentary career

Lang first stood for Parliament for Central Ayrshire in 1970, but was unsuccessful. In the February 1974 general election he was defeated by Labour's James White contesting Glasgow Pollok.

Following this he became MP for Galloway from 1979 to 1983 and for Galloway and Upper Nithsdale from 1983 to 1997, and was a minister for a number of years. He served as Assistant Government Whip from 1981 to 1983 and as Government Whip from 1983 to 1986, before becoming Under-Secretary of State for Employment in 1986. He then served as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1986 to 1987, before rising to the position of Minister of State for Scotland, which he held from 1987 to 1990. Lang then joined the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Scotland from 1990 to 1995, before becoming the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry and President of the Board of Trade from 1995 until 1997. He was closely involved in John Major's re-election campaign as leader of the Conservative Party in July 1995.

Lang lost his seat in the 1997 general election, one of seven Cabinet members to do so (the others being Malcolm Rifkind, Michael Portillo, Michael Forsyth, Roger Freeman, William Waldegrave and Tony Newton).

House of Lords

Following the loss of his seat, Lang was raised to the peerage in the 1997 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours as Baron Lang of Monkton, of Merrick and the Rhinns of Kells in Dumfries and Galloway.[4] He has remained an active member of the House of Lords, including being Chairman of the Constitution Committee between 2014 and 2017.[5]

Previously Lang served as Chair of the Advisory Committee on Business Appointments from 2009 to 2014.[6]

Since 1997, Lang has been a member of the board of directors of Marsh & McLennan Companies, becoming Chairman in May 2011. Lang has also been a Non-Executive Director of Charlemagne Capital Limited since 2006, and Deputy Chairman of European Telecom PLC since 1997.[7]

On 30 January 2014 Lang stated that if Scotland voted for independence, it would dishonour the sacrifice of those who died fighting for Great Britain in the First World War.[8]

Arms

Coat of arms of Ian Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton
Coronet
Coronet of a Baron
Crest
A Stock Dove holding in the beak an Olive Branch slipped and leaved, all proper.
Escutcheon
Tierced per fess Vert Azure and Vert, two Thistle Stalks slipped and leaved fesswise and conjoined at the bases Argent, at the centre point, between two Acorns slipped and leaved Or, in chief and a Three Masted Sailing Ship sails furled in base Or, and at the honour point a Fleur-de-lis Or.
Motto
SOIS VRAI (Be true)

References

  1. ^ "Constitution Committee - membership".
  2. ^ Link text, .
  3. ^ "Double Take". Footlights.org. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  4. ^ "No. 54908". The London Gazette. 2 October 1997. p. 11115.
  5. ^ "Constitution Committee - membership".
  6. ^ "PM's watchdog dragged into politicians' jobs row". The Independent. 27 March 2010. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Ian Bruce Lang DL, PC". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  8. ^ Ben Riley-Smith (30 January 2014). "Scottish independence would dishonour Britain's war dead, Tory peer claims". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2014.