Ikari Warriors
Ikari flyer.png
Arcade promotional poster for Ikari Warriors
Developer(s)SNK
Publisher(s)
Director(s)Koji Obada[9]
Designer(s)Koji Obada[9]
Programmer(s)Daimajin
Artist(s)Tama
Keiko Iju
Platform(s)Arcade, Apple II, Amiga, Atari 2600, Atari 7800, Atari ST, Acorn Electron, Amstrad CPC, BBC Micro, Commodore 64, NES, MSX2, IBM PC, ZX Spectrum
ReleaseArcade
NES
CPC
MSX
Genre(s)Run-and-gun shooter
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Ikari Warriors, known as Ikari (, "Fury") in Japan, is a vertically-scrolling, run-and-gun shooter arcade game developed and released by SNK in 1986, and released in North America by Tradewest. The game was released at the time when there were many Commando clones on the market. What distinguished Ikari Warriors were rotary joysticks and a two-player mode.[10] The rotary joystick controls were in turn based on SNK's earlier TNK III (1985). Ikari was originally intended it to be an official licensed adaptation of the film Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985), but SNK were initially unable to acquire the rights to the film.

The game was a major commercial success in arcades. It was Japan's second highest-grossing table arcade game of 1986, and London's third highest-grossing arcade game that year. It was also a major breakthrough US release for SNK, ranking among America's top five highest-grossing dedicated arcade games for two years in a row, in 1986 and 1987.

Gameplay

The player takes the role of commandos named Colonel Ralf Jones (red) and Second Lieutenant Clark Still (blue), who must try to reach the village of Ikari. Enemy units attempting to kill the player include tanks, enemy soldiers and helicopters. A number of power-ups along the way help the player achieve victory.

Players must proceed from the bottom of the screen upwards, towards the village of Ikari. Trying to prevent them from reaching the village are enemy soldiers and other units. Along the way, players may commandeer enemy tanks and helicopters (NES version) to help fight their way through the enemy personnel. The tanks are immune to enemy bullets, but have a limited supply of fuel and will sustain damage when it runs out or the tank is caught in an explosion, taking the player with it unless he can exit the tank and get clear before it blows up. The helicopters have two different weapons, a spread gun and a cannon, and may fly over water.

Rotating the joystick changes the direction the character faced independent of the direction the character was moving, as controlled by pushing the joystick. This gives the player freedom to attack or walk in eight different directions. No shot is fired from directly in front of the player; the warrior uses the machine gun in his right hand, and throws grenades with his left. If a player character takes too long moving up screen, the computer starts using "call for fire". A red spot appears below him; this is tracking fire to speed up the game.

Hardware

Ikari Warriors is the first popular video game to have used rotary joysticks, which can be rotated in addition to being pushed in eight directions. The less successful TNK III, released in 1985 and also from SNK, is the first to have used such joysticks.[11][12][13][14] The system also features two buttons: one for the standard gun and another for lobbing grenades. It is one of the few games at the time to allow two-player cooperative side-by-side gameplay, and to use vehicles. The game's arcade cabinet is a standard upright model.

Ikari Warriors printed circuit boards (PCBs) were manufactured in two different versions: SNK pinout and JAMMA pinout. Most SNK-pinout units were put into Ikari Warriors cabinets, while most JAMMA-pinout units were supplied as conversion kits. The SNK-pinout boards have a 22/44-pin edge connectors. The JAMMA-pinout PCBs have a 28/56-pin edge connectors. Both types consist of a stack of three boards, with interconnects.

Ikari Warriors uses SNK's model LS-30 joysticks, which contain a 12-way rotary switch box. The joysticks are connected to the PCB via auxiliary wiring harnesses.

Development

The game was developed by SNK, where it was designed and directed by Koji Obada. He had previously designed SNK's TNK III (1985), known as T.A.N.K. in Japan and Europe, a vertical tank shooter inspired by Taito's Front Line (1982) that used rotary joystick controls. The same year, Capcom's vertical run-and-gun shooter Commando (1985), known as Senjō no Ōkami ("Wolf of the Battlefield") in Japan, had become a major global arcade hit. Ikari combined the run-and-gun shooter gameplay of Commando with the rotary joysticks and tank vehicles of T.A.N.K.[9]

The game was also inspired by the action film Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985), released as Rambo: Ikari no Dasshutsu ("Rambo: The Furious Escape") in Japan. Obada had originally intended the game to be an official licensed adaptation of Rambo, but SNK were initially unable to acquire the rights to the film. This resulted in the game's title being shortened to Ikari, referencing part of the film's Japanese title. After the game made its North American debut at an arcade game expo, they got in touch with the film's star Sylvester Stallone, who was friends with SNK's president, about acquiring the rights to the film. However, it was too late by that point, as the game had already become popularly known by its Japanese title Ikari among arcade players in Japan and North America, leading to the game being officially released as Ikari Warriors in North America.[9]

Regional differences

In addition to changing the names of the main characters from Ralf and Clark to Paul and Vince, the military commander the player rescues at the end of the game is named General Kawasaki in the Japanese version (named after SNK's founder Eikichi Kawasaki) and Colonel Cook in the US/Euro version (named after Tradewest's founder Leland Cook). General Kawasaki's name was unchanged in the NES version. The enemies in the game were actually Neo-Nazis, as evidenced by the presence of a swastika at the middle of the final room.

Ports

ZX Spectrum port

Ikari Warriors was initially ported to the Apple II, Commodore 64 and IBM PC by Quicksilver Software and published by Data East USA in the US in 1986.[15] Elite Systems acquired the licence for Europe releasing the Amstrad CPC version in late 1986.[6] A version for the ZX Spectrum by David Perry was scheduled for November 1986[16] but was never released.

In 1988 Elite published a second Commodore 64 port (by John Twiddy, programmer of The Last Ninja), a new ZX Spectrum port (by David Shea, author of the Amstrad version) along with versions for the Commodore 16, Amiga and Atari ST.[15]

SNK released their own port for the MSX in 1987. The NES version was developed by Micronics. Both the Atari 2600 and Atari 7800 ports were released in 1990 as one of the final published games for those systems. The game was also included on the SNK 40th Anniversary Collection for the various modern consoles and PC (through Steam).

Reception

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2016)

Arcade

In Japan, Game Machine listed Ikari on their March 15, 1986 issue as being the most-successful table arcade cabinet of the month.[24] It remained at the top of the Game Machine table arcade cabinet charts through April[25][26] and early May,[27] before returning to the top in June 1986.[28] It went on to become Japan's second highest-grossing table arcade game of 1986.[29][30] In the United Kingdom, it was one of the top three highest-grossing arcade games of 1986 in London, appearing at number-three on the annual 1986 Electrocoin chart.[31]

In North America, Ikari Warriors was the second top-grossing arcade game on the monthly Play Meter charts in July 1986.[32] It went on to be one of the top five highest-grossing dedicated arcade games of 1986 according to AMOA,[33] and the year's eight highest arcade video game according to RePlay.[34] It was also among the top five dedicated arcade games of 1987.[35]

In 1996, Next Generation listed the arcade version of Ikari Warriors as number 61 on their "Top 100 Games of All Time", lauding the innovative joysticks, play balance, and power-ups which offer an invigorating boost to the player character's capabilities without taking away the game's challenge.[10]

Conversions

Computer and Video Games enthusiastically reviewed the "classy" Amstrad personal computer conversion, calling the graphics "simply brilliant" and the gameplay "awesomely addictive". They said that players "won't see better ... probably for quite a while" because "the Amstrad graphics are as close as dammit to the arcade machine and the playability goes off the C+VG scale".[6]

The PC version of the game received 4 out of 5 stars in Dragon.[19]

Legacy

Ikari Warriors spawned the sequels Victory Road (1986) and Ikari III: The Rescue (1989).

SNK released an Ikari Warriors clone in 1987 called Guerrilla War (known as Guevara in Japan). The game features communist fighters Che Guevara and Fidel Castro as its heroes.

Sylvester Stallone, whose role as John Rambo had an influence on the game, owned an Ikari Warriors arcade cabinet in the 1980s. The future mixed martial arts (MMA) champion Kazushi Sakuraba (later famous for defeating the Gracie family of Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters) was also a fan of Ikari in his high school years.[9]

The characters Ralf and Clark appeared again as playable characters in Metal Slug 6 and Metal Slug 7, as well as in the King of Fighters series. Their names were used for two minor unrelated characters in Crystalis, and they were featured as cameos in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as background characters in the King Of Fighters Stadium stage.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Overseas Readers Column: SNK Unveiled Video "Ikari" With Its Anger" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 279. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 March 1986. p. 22.
  2. ^ "怒(いかり) まとめ [アーケード] / ファミ通.com". Famitsu.com. February 22, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  3. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). アーケードTVゲームリスト国内•海外編(1971-2005) [Arcade TV Game List: Domestic • Overseas Edition (1971-2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: Amusement News Agency. p. 18. ISBN 978-4990251215.
  4. ^ a b Computer Entertainer, June 1987, page 13
  5. ^ a b Famitsu staff (November 14, 1986). "新作ゲームクロスレビュー" [New Game Cross Review]. Famicom Tsūshin (in Japanese). No. 11. ASCII Corporation. p. 9. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d Tim Metcalfe (January 1987). "Ikari Warriors (Amstrad review)". Computer and Video Games. No. 63. EMAP. p. 19. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  7. ^ "怒(いかり) まとめ [MSX] / ファミ通.com". Famitsu.com. February 22, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  8. ^ "Video Game Flyers: Ikari Warriors, SNK (Spain)". The Arcade Flyer Archive. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e "「怒」を作った男" [The Man Who Made "Ikari"]. Continue (in Japanese). March 2001.
  10. ^ a b "Top 100 Games of All Time". Next Generation. No. 21. Imagine Media. September 1996. p. 48.
  11. ^ "Transfer lever as well as turret turning knob." SNK T.A.N.K flyer, 1985.
  12. ^ "This arcade game was the first SNK game to use the special rotary joystick". Vintagearcade.net. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  13. ^ [1] Archived October 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Escher's Mame Rotary Joystick Fix Mame Version .63 Updated from v.59 to work with v.63 by Jake Stookey". Mame.hower.us. January 23, 2003. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  15. ^ a b Martyn Carroll (25 February 2016). "The History of Ikari Warriors". Retro Gamer. No. 152. Imagine Publishing. p. 34.
  16. ^ "Elite's Autumn Extravaganza". Crash. No. 33. Newsfield. October 1986. p. 137. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  17. ^ "Archive - Magazine viewer". World of Spectrum. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  18. ^ "Computer and Video Games Magazine Issue 101". Archive.org. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  19. ^ a b Lesser, Hartley; Lesser, Patricia; Lesser, Kirk (February 1989). "The Role of Computers" (PDF). Dragon. No. 142. pp. 42–51.
  20. ^ "Archive - Magazine viewer". World of Spectrum. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  21. ^ "Ikari Warriors". Ysrnry.co.uk. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  22. ^ Atari ST User, Vol. 3, No. 4 (June 1988), pages 44-45
  23. ^ "Archive - Magazine viewer". World of Spectrum. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  24. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - テーブル型TVゲーム機 (Table Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 280. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 March 1986. p. 21.
  25. ^ "Best Hit Games 25" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 280. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 April 1986. p. 21.
  26. ^ "Best Hit Games 25" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 281. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 April 1986. p. 21.
  27. ^ "Best Hit Games 25" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 282. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 May 1986. p. 19.
  28. ^ "Best Hit Games 25" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 281. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 April 1986. p. 21.
  29. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25: '86 上半期" [Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25: First Half '86] (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 288. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 July 1986. p. 28.
  30. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25: '86 下半期" [Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25: Second Half '86] (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 300. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 January 1987. p. 16.
  31. ^ "1986 Top Ten Coin-Ops". Sinclair User. No. 59 (February 1987). 18 January 1987. p. 96.
  32. ^ "National Play Meter". Play Meter. Vol. 12, no. 12. July 15, 1986. pp. 74–5.
  33. ^ "Coin Machine: AMOA Announces Awards Nominations" (PDF). Cash Box. August 23, 1986. p. 38.
  34. ^ "Top 20 of 1986". Top Score. Amusement Players Association. July–August 1987. p. 3.
  35. ^ "Nominees Announced For AMOA's JB, Games, & Vending Promo Awards" (PDF). Cash Box. October 3, 1987. p. 37.