Il Messaggero.svg
Ilmessaggero rome.jpg
Front page (Rome edition), 3 October 2008
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Caltagirone Editore
PublisherIl Messaggero S.p.A.
EditorMassimo Martinelli
Founded1878; 144 years ago (1878)
Political alignmentConservative liberalism
Centrism
Formerly
Fascism (1925-1945)
Anti-communism
HeadquartersRome, Italy
Circulation91,012 (2012)
Sister newspapersCorriere Adriatico
Il Mattino
ISSN1126-8352
WebsiteIl Messaggero

Il Messaggero (English: "The Messenger") is an Italian newspaper based in Rome, Italy.

History and profile

Il Messaggero headquarters in Rome
Il Messaggero headquarters in Rome

Il Messaggero was founded in December 1878.[1][2][3] On 1 January 1879, the first issue of Il Messaggero was published,[1] under the management of Luigi Cesana.[4] The paper aimed at being the newspaper of newspapers and at providing its readers with all opinions and all events.[1] The first four copies of the paper were delivered as free samples to the subscribers of the newspaper, Il Fanfulla.[1] One of the early editors-in-chief of Il Messaggero was Alberto Cianca who resigned from the post due to political reasons.[5]

Since its inception, Il Messaggero has been owned by different companies.[4] One of the former owners is Montedison through the Ferruzzi Group.[6][7] In 1996 the paper was acquired by Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone.[4] He founded the Caltagirone Editore in 1999.[4] The company is the majority owner of the paper[8] which has its 90%.[9] Its leaders include Azzurra Caltagirone, the partner of the political leader Pierferdinando Casini, on its board. The company also owns Corriere Adriatico[10] and Il Mattino.[8] The publisher of the daily is Il Messaggero S.p.A.[11]

Il Messaggero is published in broadsheet format[12][13] and is based in Rome.[6][14] In addition to its national edition the paper has 12 local editions, including those for the regions of Lazio, Umbria, Marche, Abruzzo and Tuscany.[4] The daily has a centre-left political leaning.[15]

Circulation

The 1988 circulation of Il Messaggero was 370,000 copies.[6] It was the sixth best-selling Italian newspaper in 1997 with a circulation of 256,400 copies.[16] The paper had a circulation of 288,000 copies in 1999.[17]

In 2000 the circulation of the paper was 292,000 copies.[18] Its circulation was 293,000 copies in 2001[19] and 258,538 copies in 2002.[9] The circulation of the paper was 252,000 copies in 2003[11] and 240,778 copies in 2004.[20] The paper had a circulation of 230,697 copies in 2005.[21] Its circulation was 216,000 copies in 2007.[22]

In 2012 Il Messaggero sold 91,012,767 copies.[23]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Thomas Simpson (15 November 2010). Murder and Media in the New Rome: The Fadda Affair. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-230-11653-5. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Il Messaggero". Prime Media. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  3. ^ Francesco Fattorello (February 1965). "A Short Historical Survey of the Italian Press". International Communication Gazette. 11 (1). doi:10.1177/001654926501100101.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Kodak's reliability serving daily newspapers" (PDF). Kodak. Amsterdam. 27 October 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Alberto Cianca" (in Italian). ANPI. Retrieved 23 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b c Peter Humphreys (1996). Mass Media and Media Policy in Western Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 90. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  7. ^ Clyde Haberman (24 April 1989). "Newspaper Deal in Italy Stirs Debate over Press Freedom". The New York Times. Rome. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b Donatella della Porta; Manuela Caiani (2 June 2004). "The Transformation of Political Mobilisation and Communication in European Public Spheres" (Report). Europub. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  9. ^ a b David Ward (2004). "A Mapping Study of Media Concentration and Ownership in Ten European Countries" (PDF). Dutch Media Authority. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  10. ^ "2006 Annual Results". Caltagirone Editore S.p.A. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  11. ^ a b "World Press Trends" (PDF). World Association of Newspapers. Paris. 2004. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  12. ^ Jostein Gripsrud; Lennart Weibull, eds. (2010). Media, Markets & Public Spheres: European Media at the Crossroads. Intellect Books. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-84150-305-9.
  13. ^ Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Papers". campaign. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  14. ^ Matthew Hibberd (1 December 2007). The Media in Italy: Press, Cinema and Broadcasting from Unification to Digital. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). p. 96. ISBN 978-0-335-23516-2.
  15. ^ Tariq Modood; Anna Triandafyllidou; Ricard Zapata-Barrero, eds. (18 April 2006). Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-134-25561-0.
  16. ^ Jose L. Alvarez; Carmelo Mazza; Jordi Mur (October 1999). "The management publishing industry in Europe" (PDF). University of Navarra. Archived from the original (Occasional Paper No:99/4) on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  17. ^ "Top 100 Dailies 1999". campaign. 24 November 2000. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Top 100 dailies 2000". campaign. 16 November 2001. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  19. ^ Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Papers". campaign. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  20. ^ "European Publishing Monitor. Italy" (PDF). Turku School of Economics and KEA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  21. ^ Data for average number of paid-for copies. Survey on 2005 newspapers sales in Italy. Archived 10 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Excel file). Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa.
  22. ^ Anne Austin; et al. (2008). "Western Europe Market and Media Fact" (PDF). ZenithOptimedia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  23. ^ "Daily newspapers: national circulation (2012)". Agcom. Retrieved 12 June 2016.