Elongate ilisha.jpg
Ilisha elongata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Pristigasteridae
Genus: Ilisha
J. Richardson, 1846

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Ilisha is a genus of ray-finned fishes in the family Pristigasteridae. The genus contains 16 species. It is similar to Pellona but lacks a toothed hypo-maxilla. The genus has a worldwide distribution in tropical and subtropical coastal waters and estuaries.[1] Some species also enter rivers, and I. amazonica and I. novacula are largely–if not entirely–restricted to tropical rivers.[2][3]


Two Ilisha species are individually reported in the FAO catch statistics: Ilisha elongata off coasts of China and Korea and Ilisha africana off West African coasts.[4] Other species may be reported as simply clupeoids.


There are currently 16 recognized species in this genus:[5]


  1. ^ Whitehead, Peter J.P. (1985). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, anchovies and wolfherrings. Part 1 - Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae (PDF). Rome: FAO. pp. 261–278. ISBN 92-5-102340-9.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2013). "Ilisha amazonica" in FishBase. March 2013 version.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2013). "Ilisha novacula" in FishBase. March 2013 version.
  4. ^ FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2011). Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics 2009. Capture production (PDF). Rome: FAO. pp. 91–92. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-19.
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Ilisha in FishBase. December 2012 version.