Independence, Kansas
Memorial Hall (2017)
Memorial Hall (2017)
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
KDOT map of Montgomery County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°13′27″N 95°42′30″W / 37.22417°N 95.70833°W / 37.22417; -95.70833Coordinates: 37°13′27″N 95°42′30″W / 37.22417°N 95.70833°W / 37.22417; -95.70833[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyMontgomery
Founded1869 (Colfax)
Incorporated1870
Named forUnited States Declaration of Independence
Government
 • MayorDean Hayse
Area
 • Total7.67 sq mi (19.88 km2)
 • Land7.67 sq mi (19.86 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation804 ft (245 m)
Population
 • Total8,548
 • Density1,100/sq mi (430/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
67301
Area code620
FIPS code20-33875 [1]
GNIS ID469414 [1]
Websiteindependenceks.gov

Independence is a city in and the county seat of Montgomery County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 8,548.[3][4] It was named in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence.[5]

History

See also: History of Kansas

Independence was settled on land that was purchased from the Osage Indians in September 1869 by George A. Brown for the price of $50; they were being moved to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma.[citation needed] He originally called the townsite Colfax after Schuyler Colfax, vice president under President Ulysses S. Grant.[6] On August 21, 1869 a group of Oswego, Kansas men led by R. W. Wright settled there with the intent to make Independence the county seat.[7] E. E. Wilson and F D. Irwin opened the first store in October 1869, Wilson & Irwin Groceries.[8] Independence was designated county seat in 1870.[9]

A permanent lighting system was first used for an exhibition baseball game on April 17, 1930 between the Independence Producers and House of David semi-professional baseball team of Benton Harbor, Michigan, with the Independence team winning with a score of 9 to 1 before a crowd of 1,700 spectators.[10]

Miss Able, a rhesus monkey, was born at Ralph Mitchell Zoo. Miss Able along with Miss Baker, a squirrel monkey, became the first monkeys to fly in space; they returned alive on May 28, 1959.[11]

Geography

Independence is located along the Verdigris River just south of its confluence with the Elk River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.75 square miles (20.07 km2), of which, 7.74 square miles (20.05 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[12]

Climate

Independence has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by hot, humid and unpleasant summers, and chilly though extremely variable winters. Precipitation is heavy in summer due to frequent incursions of very moist air from the Gulf of Mexico: as much as 7.69 inches (195.3 mm) fell on May 27, 1984 and a maximum daily fall of 3.49 inches or 88.6 millimetres can be expected in an average calendar year. The wettest month has been June 2007 when 19.53 inches (496.1 mm) was reported, whereas July 1935 saw a mere 0.03 inches (0.8 mm). The winters are drier and cold, although temperatures in winter are very erratic, ranging from an average of four afternoons in the three winter months above 70 °F or 21.1 °C to an average of three mornings below 0 °F or −17.8 °C. Winters are much drier than the summer, with November 1986 and October 1952 seeing not even a trace of precipitation.[13]

Overall the wettest calendar year has been 1908 with 60.29 inches (1,531.4 mm) – although the incomplete year of 2007 likely had more than this – and the driest 1952 with only 18.27 inches (464.1 mm).[13] The hottest month has been July 1936 with an average of 88 °F (31.1 °C) and a mean maximum of 104.8 °F or 40.4 °C, while the coldest has been January 1979 with an average of 18.8 °F (−7.3 °C), a mean maximum of only 28.9 °F (−1.7 °C) and a mean minimum of 8.7 °F or −12.9 °C. The hottest monthly mean minimum was in July 2011 with a mean low as high as 74.3 °F or 23.5 °C.

Climate data for Independence, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
88
(31)
98
(37)
101
(38)
102
(39)
109
(43)
115
(46)
116
(47)
111
(44)
99
(37)
88
(31)
78
(26)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7)
50
(10)
60
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
85
(29)
91
(33)
91
(33)
83
(28)
72
(22)
59
(15)
46
(8)
69
(21)
Average low °F (°C) 22
(−6)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
45
(7)
56
(13)
65
(18)
69
(21)
68
(20)
59
(15)
47
(8)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
46
(8)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−23
(−31)
−5
(−21)
15
(−9)
28
(−2)
42
(6)
46
(8)
43
(6)
29
(−2)
16
(−9)
5
(−15)
−16
(−27)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.52
(39)
1.94
(49)
3.47
(88)
4.15
(105)
6.51
(165)
6.34
(161)
3.77
(96)
3.63
(92)
4.47
(114)
4.31
(109)
2.58
(66)
2.44
(62)
45.13
(1,146)
Source: weather.com[14]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870435
18802,915570.1%
18903,1277.3%
19004,85155.1%
191010,480116.0%
192011,92013.7%
193012,7827.2%
194011,565−9.5%
195011,335−2.0%
196011,222−1.0%
197010,347−7.8%
198010,5982.4%
19909,942−6.2%
20009,846−1.0%
20109,483−3.7%
20208,548−9.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
2010-2020[4]

2010 census

As of the census[16] of 2010, there were 9,483 people, 3,950 households, and 2,430 families living in the city.[17] The population density was 1,225.2 inhabitants per square mile (473.1/km2). There were 4,528 housing units at an average density of 585.0 per square mile (225.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.2% White, 6.5% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.5% of the population.

There were 3,950 households, of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 9,846 people, 4,149 households, and 2,609 families living in the city. The population density was 1,979.4 people per square mile (764.9/km2). There were 4,747 housing units at an average density of 954.3 per square mile (368.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.00% White, 7.17% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.84% of the population.

There were 4,149 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32, and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,574, and the median income for a family was $37,134. Males had a median income of $26,552 versus $20,017 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,496. About 11.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Independence Carnegie Library (2013)

Colleges

The Independence Community College main campus is located two miles south of the city. ICC West Campus is located in the city one mile west of the downtown. Each semester, over 1000 students are enrolled at ICC.[19]

Primary and secondary education

The community is served by Independence USD 446 public school district.[20]

Private schools

Special education

Transportation

Highway transportation

Independence is located at the intersection of US-75 and US-160.

Railroad transportation

Independence is served by two railroad companies:

Airports

The Independence Municipal Airport (IDP) is located 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of the center of the city.

Area events

Area attractions

Notable people

See also: List of Independence Community College people

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Independence, Kansas", Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Profile of Independence, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 31, 2022. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Independence, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 26, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 165.
  6. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 349. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7.
  7. ^ Sherwood, Leon (1970). Official Centennial History of Independence, KS, p. 6. Independence Centennial Inc.
  8. ^ Sherwood, Leon (1970). Official Centennial History of Independence, KS, p. 7. Independence Centennial Inc.
  9. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 899.
  10. ^ Bowman, Larry G. (Winter 1995–1996). "I Think It Is Pretty Ritzy Myself: Kansas Minor League Teams and Night Baseball". Kansas History. Kansas Historical Society. pp. 248–257. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |url= (help)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-02-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  13. ^ a b National Weather Service, Wichita, Kansas; NOW Data
  14. ^ "Monthly Averages for Independence, Kansas". Weather.com. The Weather Channel. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  17. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.[dead link]
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ "Kansas Higher Education Statistics". Retrieved 2019-05-16.
  20. ^ "Home". www.indyschools.com. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  21. ^ Union Pacific Railroad https://www.up.com/index.htm
  22. ^ South Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad https://www.watcocompanies.com/services/rail/skol/
  23. ^ "William Inge Center for the Arts – Home of the Official State Theater Festival of Kansas". Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-02-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Little House on the Prairie Website"
  26. ^ "Riverside Park and Ralph Mitchell Zoo | Independence, KS".
  27. ^ "Monkey Island, Home of America's First Space Monkey". Roadside America.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ Independence Daily Reporter, February 23, 2009, p. 1

Further reading