India at the
Commonwealth Games
Flag of India.svg
CGF codeIND
CGAIndian Olympic Association
Websiteolympic.ind.in
Medals
Ranked 4th
Gold
203
Silver
190
Bronze
171
Total
564
Commonwealth Games appearances (overview)

India has competed in all except four editions of the Commonwealth Games; starting at the second Games in 1934. India has also hosted the games once, in 2010. The most successful event for India in these games is shooting.[1][2]

History

Early years (1930s–1960s)

India have been fairly regular at the Commonwealth Games, featuring in all but four editions (1930, 1950, 1962 and 1986) of the quadrennial showpiece.[3] Indian athletes debuted at the Commonwealth Games, then called the British Empire Games, back in 1934.[4] The Indian contingent at London 1934 Games featured six athletes, who competed in 10 track and field events and one wrestling event. India won one medal at their debut Commonwealth Games. Wrestler Rashid Anwar was the first Indian to win a medal at the Commonwealth Games after clinching the bronze medal in the men's 74 kg freestyle wrestling event at 1934 British Empire Games.[5] Since their debut in 1934, India have won 564 medals – 203 golds, 190 silvers and 171 bronze - at the Commonwealth Games. However, the first few editions were very challenging for the nation. Post-independence, India mainly participated in athletics but medals were few and far between until things took a turn for the better in 1958. Legendary sprinter Milkha Singh became the first Indian to win a gold medal at the Commonwealth Games, clinching the top spot in the men's 440 yard event at Cardiff 1958.[6][7] India bagged another gold in the same edition when heavyweight wrestler Lila Ram won in the men's 100kg freestyle category.[8] Cardiff 1958 was a historic year for women's participation too as track and field athletes Stephanie D’Souza and Elizabeth Davenport became the first Indian women to compete at the Commonwealth Games.[9][10]

Rise (1970s–present)

Meanwhile, the rise of Indian wrestling in the 70s and the 80s played a significant role in the country's improving fortunes at the Commonwealth Games.[11][12] After the wrestlers, the Indian weightlifters stepped up and earned numerous accolades for the nation, with Raghavan Chanderasekaran proving to be the jewel in the crown. Two-time Olympian weightlifter Raghavan Chanderasekaran won three gold medals, including snatch, clean and jerk and overall, in the flyweight division at Commonwealth Games 1990 and followed it up with three silvers in bantamweight at the 1994 edition in Victoria, Canada.[13][14] Pistol shooter Jaspal Rana is the most successful Indian athlete at the Commonwealth Games, with 15 medals – nine golds, four silvers and two bronze. He dominated the shooting circuit in the 1990s and early 2000s.[15][16][17] The Indian shooters played a crucial role during India's best showing at the Commonwealth Games, which came in 2010.[18] At New Delhi 2010, India won 101 medals - 39 gold medals, 26 silvers and 36 bronze to finish second on the medals leaderboard. New Delhi 2010 remains India's most successful Commonwealth Games until date. Since the 2000s, India have consistently finished among the top five countries in the medals table and are now a force to be reckoned with at the Commonwealth Games.[19]

Indian women step up the podium

While the men dominated the winners list in the initial years, Indian women have also upped their performances in the last few editions.[20] Indian badminton players Ami Ghia and Kanwal Thakar Singh were the first Indian women to win a Commonwealth Games medal, pocketing a women's doubles bronze during Edmonton 1978.[21] Indian women have come a long way since 1978.[22] At Commonwealth Games 2018 in Gold Coast, Australia table tennis ace Manika Batra was the most successful Indian with four medals. India finished third with 66 medals at the edition.[23][24][25][26]

Host Nation

India hosted the Games in 2010, at Delhi. It was India's most successful Commonwealth Games to date with Indian athletes winning 38 gold, 27 silver and 36 bronze medals.[27][28][29]

2010 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Country Votes
Delhi
Flag of India.svg
India
46
Hamilton
Flag of Canada.svg
Canada
22

Overall Medal Tally By Games

At the 2022 Commonwealth Games, India ended its campaign with a total of 61 medals (22 gold, 16 silver, 23 bronze). India with an overall total of 564 medals (203 gold, 190 silver, 171 bronze) is ranked 4th at the All-time Commonwealth Games medal table. India's first ever Commonwealth medal was won by Rashid Anwar, who won a bronze in the category of wrestling in 1934.[30][31]

Year Gold Silver Bronze Total Position
1930 Canada Hamilton, Canada did not participate
1934 England London, England 0 0 1 1 12th
1938 Australia Sydney, Australia 0 0 0 0
1950 New Zealand Auckland, New Zealand did not participate
1954 Canada Vancouver, Canada 0 0 0 0
1958 Wales Cardiff, Wales 2 1 0 3 8th
1962 Australia Perth, Australia did not participate
1966 Jamaica Kingston, Jamaica 3 4 3 10 8th
1970 Scotland Edinburgh, Scotland 5 3 4 12 6th
1974 New Zealand Christchurch, New Zealand 4 8 3 15 6th
1978 Canada Edmonton, Canada 5 5 5 15 6th
1982 Australia Brisbane, Australia 5 8 3 16 6th
1986 Scotland Edinburgh, Scotland did not participate
1990 New Zealand Auckland, New Zealand 13 8 11 32 5th
1994 Canada Victoria, Canada 6 11 7 24 6th
1998 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 7 10 8 25 7th
2002 England Manchester, England 30 22 17 69 4th
2006 Australia Melbourne, Australia 22 17 11 50 4th
2010 India New Delhi, India 38 27 36 101 2nd
2014 Scotland Glasgow, Scotland 15 30 19 64 5th
2018 Australia Gold Coast, Australia 26 20 20 66 3rd
2022 England Birmingham, England 22 16 23 61 4th
Total 203 190 171 564 4th

Overall Medal Tally By Sport

Name of SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Shooting634428135
Wrestling493926114
Weightlifting [n 1]465136133
Boxing11132044
Badminton1081331
Table tennis1051328
Athletics6141636
Archery3148
Hockey1416
Squash1225
Tennis1124
Lawn bowls1102
Powerlifting [n 1]1012
Judo05611
Gymnastics0123
Cricket0101
Swimming0011
Totals (17 entries)203190171564

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b India won 1 Silver and 1 bronze medal in Powerlifting started from 2002 to 2014 when medals in Powerlifting were awarded under Weightlifting sport category. From 2018, Medals in Powerlifting are being awarded separately under individual sport category name.

References

  1. ^ "CWG 2022: A Look Back at India's History at the Commonwealth Games". Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Commonwealth Games: India's medal tally record at Commonwealth Games (CWG)". Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  3. ^ "India at Commonwealth Games: Quiet beginnings to rousing podium finishes". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  4. ^ "India London 1934". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  5. ^ "Who won the first-ever Commonwealth Games medal for India?". Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Commonwealth Games: When Milkha Singh surprised the world to start a golden tradition for India". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  7. ^ "When Milkha Singh bagged India's first Commonwealth Games gold medal". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  8. ^ "Wrestling legend Lila Ram passes away". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  9. ^ "Stephanie D'Souza". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Elizabeth Jane Davenport". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Know How Many Indian Wrestlers Have Won Medals at Commonwealth Games So Far". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  12. ^ "How has India performed in wrestling down the years at Commonwealth Games?". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  13. ^ "India at Olympics: History of Weightlifting in the Games". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  14. ^ "India at the Commonwealth Games: Who was the First Indian to take part in Commonwealth Games?". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Meet India's most successful athlete at Commonwealth Games —Jaspal Rana". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  16. ^ "Commonwealth Games: India's most successful athletes at multi-sport events". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  17. ^ "Jaspal Rana". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  18. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2010: Shooters lead India's best-ever medal haul". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  19. ^ "101 medals, 2nd on medals tally: Remembering 2010 Commonwealth Games". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  20. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2022: The meteoric rise of India's women sportspersons". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  21. ^ Rita Nunes, Crystelle; Kulkarni, Abhijeet (14 May 2020). "Know your legend: Ami Ghia, a path-breaking and unsung hero of Indian badminton". scroll.in. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  22. ^ Srivastava, Palash (3 July 2022). "Ami Ghia and Kanwal Thakar Singh — First Indian women to win Commonwealth Games medal". thebridge.in. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  23. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2018: Manika Batra leads India to historic women table tennis gold". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  24. ^ "2018 Commonwealth Games: Manika Batra's change of tactics caught Singapore by surprise". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  25. ^ "When Manika Batra became the first Indian woman to win individual Commonwealth Games gold in table tennis". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  26. ^ "CWG 2018: Manika Batra wins historic Table Tennis gold". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  27. ^ "2010 CWG". Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  28. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2010: Shooters lead India's best-ever medal haul". Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  29. ^ "New Delhi to host 2010 Commonwealth Games". Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  30. ^ "India Medals". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  31. ^ "Commonwealth Games: All-time medal table". Retrieved 29 July 2022.