Army jawans performing yoga, on International Day of Yoga 2017, at Siachen.
Army jawans performing yoga, on International Day of Yoga 2017, at Siachen.
The Chief of Army Staff Gen. Dalbir Singh Suhag paying homage to mortal remains of Late Rifleman Bishal Gurung of 31 GR, martyred in Thangdhar Sector in Kashmir on 25 May 2015, in New Delhi
The Chief of Army Staff Gen. Dalbir Singh Suhag paying homage to mortal remains of Late Rifleman Bishal Gurung of 31 GR, martyred in Thangdhar Sector in Kashmir on 25 May 2015, in New Delhi

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir include security operations such as Operation Rakshak, which began in 1990, Operation Sarp Vinash in 2003 and Operation Randori Behak in 2020.[1][2] Other operations include humanitarian missions such as Operation Megh Rahat and operations with a social aim such as Operation Goodwill and Operation Calm Down.[3][4] The Indian Army works in tandem with the other arms of the Indian Armed Forces and security forces in Jammu and Kashmir such as during Mission Sahayata or joint operations.

Security Impact

Oeration Randori Bheak

Op Randori Behak was an counter terrorism operation conducted by the 4 Para Special forces regiment on 4th April 2020.

The operation initiated on 1st April 2020 in Kupwara region of Kashmir. The Indian surveillance drone captured unknown footprints in the snow which led to suspicion of terrorists presence. Upon this suspicion the Commanding Officer sent a squad of jaat regiment soldiers to kill or capture the terrorists and upon the arrival of the soldiers it was found that 5 terrorists have infiltrated. The soldiers and the terrorists engaged in a firefight which did not last long due to heavy snowfall. The terrorists escaped as the visibility was low. The very next day 2nd April soldiers from 41 and 57 RR(Rashtriya Rifles) were sent on a counter terror operation but due to heavy weather conditions the terrorists again escaped. The engagement and disengagement occurred for next 2 days due to heavy weather conditions terrorists had an advantage in hiding. It was eventually decided that the operation will be conducted by 4 Para SF.

Operation Rakshak

Operation Rakshak is an ongoing counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operation started during the height of insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir in June 1990. The operation adapted itself from being merely a "show of strength" in 1990 to encompassing more areas in 1991 such as orders "not to enter the houses of civilians", "not to smoke in religious places" and "not to damage standing crops".[5] 753 Indian army personnel died during Operation Rakshak between 2007 and 2015.[6]

Major Mohit Sharma, who was killed while performing duties under Operation Rakshak, was posthumously awarded India's highest peacetime gallantry award ‘Ashok Chakra’ on 15 August 2009.[7] Corporal Jyoti Prakash Nirala was also killed during Operation Rakshak 18 November 2017, and was posthumously awarded the Ashok Chakra on 25 January 2018.[8] The Operation Rakshak Memorial is located in Badami Bagh Cantonment, Srinagar.[9]

Operation All Out

"Operation All Out" redirects here. For the 2014 Assam operation, see Operation All Out (Assam).

Operation All Out in Jammu & Kashmir[10]
Kashmir map.svg

Map of the Kashmir
DateOngoing
Location
Belligerents

 India

  • Flag of Lashkar-e-Taiba.svg
    Lashkar-e-Taiba
  • Jaishi-e-Mohammed.svg
    Jaish-e-Mohammed
  • Hizbul Mujahideen
  • Al-badr flag.png
    Al badr
  •  Pakistan
  • Casualties and losses

    26 killed (2015)
    55 killed (2016)[11]
    78 killed (2017)[12]

    41 killed (2018)
    78 killed (2019)
    108 militants killed, 67 arrested (2015)
    150 militants killed, 79 arrested (2016)
    213 militants killed, 97 arrested (2017)
    257 militants killed, 12 arrested (2018)
    163 militants killed, 10 arrested (2019)[11][13]

    Operation All Out (OAO) a joint offensive launched by Indian security forces in 2017 to flush out militants and terrorists in Kashmir until there is complete peace in the state. Operation All-Out includes the Indian Army, CRPF, Jammu and Kashmir Police, BSF and IB. It was launched against numerous militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Hizbul Mujahideen and Al-Badr.[1][14][15][16]

    The operation was initiated with the consent of Ministry for Home Affairs Government of India following the unrest in 2016 due to the death of Burhan Wani and subsequent militant and terrorist attacks in the region such as the Amarnath Yatra terror attack on 10 July 2017 in which eight Hindu pilgrims were killed and at least 18 others injured.[15][17]

    On 14 January 2019, the Jammu and Kashmir Governor, Satya Pal Malik, said that there was no such thing as Operation All Out and that the phrase was a misnomer:[18][19]

    “I deny the existence of ‘Operation All-Out’ [...] but someone using bullets can’t expect flowers in return. [...] Security forces always retaliate when they are attacked by militants.”

    — Jammu and Kashmir governor, Satya Pal Malik, [18]

    Operation Calm Down

    Operation Calm Down was started by the Indian army in Jammu and Kashmir following the aftermath of the death of Burhan Wani in July 2016 which had led to unrest in Kashmir in which more than 90 civilians and 2 security personnel were killed and thousands injured.[4] It was started in September 2016. Over 4000 additional troops were deployed as part of Operation Calm Down to bring back order to the region, but direct instructions were given to the troops to use minimal force. The troops were mainly deployed in South Kashmir.[20][21][22] Schools, shops and connectivity to some regions in Kashmir had been lost for over three months due to the unrest and militancy and Operation Calm Down aimed to undo this.[23]

    Operation Sarp Vinash

    Operation Sarp Vinash (Snake Destroyer) was an operation undertaken by Indian army to flush out terrorists who made bases in the Hilkaka Poonch-Surankot area of the Pir Panjal range in Jammu and Kashmir during April–May 2003.[24] 64 terrorists belonging to various jihadist outfits were killed in operation.[25][26] The system of hideouts used by the terrorists found during this operation was the largest ever in the known history of insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir.[27][28]

    Over several years, terrorists of groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Harkat-ul-Jihad-e-Islami, al-Badr and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) had been building up safe houses and bunkers in strategic areas of the region of Pir Panjal in Poonch measuring 150 sq kilometers.[29]

    The network of bunkers and shelters around the region known as Hill Kaka in Surankote numbered nearly over a hundred, and were intermingled with shelters used by local herdsmen. 9 Para-SF were called to capture Peak 3689 in Hill Kaka after surveillance picked up footprints converging at one location. In this operation, 13 terrorists were killed, the single largest number during Op. Sarp Vinash. 6 Rashtriya Rifles, 163th Brigade, 100th Brigade and the 15th Corps were also called in for operations.[30] From diaries captured from killed terrorists, the presence of a rudimentary counter-intelligence system of the terrorist organisations was revealed, which involved killing women and children who had given up information to Indian security forces. An extensive communications system using portable satellite phones was also found which allowed the terrorists to contact handlers in Pakistan and India.[31] Paratrooper Sanjog Chhetri, 9 Para (SF), was awarded an Ashoka Chakra in 2004 posthumously for his role in the Operation Sarp Vinash in which he succumbed.[32] During Operation Sarp Vinash, media claims of different Indian media houses about what actually happened during the operation were hyped and very contradictory.[33]

    Operation Sadbhavana (Goodwill)

    Operation Sadbhavana, also referred to as Operation Goodwill has been launched in Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian Army under their Military Civic Action programmes, which are aimed at "Winning the Hearts and Minds" (WHAM) of the people in the region. Sadbhavna literally means 'harmony', therefore the operation can also be interpreted as Operation Harmony. The catchphrase of the operation is "Jawan aur Awam, Aman Hai Muqaam" (peace is the destination for both the people and the soldier).[34][35][36]

    Students from Jammu and Kashmir supported by ‘Kashmir Super 30’ Project who have qualified for the JEE (Main & Advance), 2017-18, interacting with General Bipin Rawat.
    Students of Super-40 from Kashmir interacting with General Rawat in New Delhi, 2017.

    Welfare initiatives under Operation Sadbhavana include infrastructure development, medical care, women and youth empowerment, educational tours and sports tournaments among other initiatives. Over 450 crore rupees (70 million US$) has been directly spent on this programme and more funding provided through donors.[3] The projects are planned according to the needs and desires of the local population and are handed over to the state government after successful initiation. 'Operation Sadbhavana' is a resolve by the Indian army to come closer to the population in Jammu and Kashmir and develop mutual faith and trust which the army gets across the rest of India.[37][38]

    Background

    Operation Sadbhavana was officially launched in 1998, especially in rural areas near the Line of Control (LOC) where insurgency and militancy had caused destruction to property and a sense of alienation among the people of Jammu and Kashmir from the rest of India.[3][37]

    Initiatives

    Kashmir Super-30 & Super-40

    In 2013, the Indian Army teamed up with the New Delhi-based NGO, Centre for Social Responsibility and Leadership (CSRL), to launch the Super-30 initiative along the lines of the highly acclaimed and successful Super-30 concept started by Abhayanand in Bihar. Over time the initiative included more students and was subsequently called the Army Super-40, and soon will become the Army Super-50. Nine students of the 2016-17 Army Super-40 batch cleared the difficult IIT-JEE advanced examination. Various Indian organizations have provided funding for this project including Power Grid India contributing for the first batch, the Rural Electrification Council (REC) contributing for the second batch and the TATA Relief Committee funding the third batch.[39][40][41]

    Schools

    The Indian Army has established 53 English medium Army Goodwill Schools in places in Jammu and Kashmir such as Rajouri, Poonch, Boniyar, Uri (Baramulla), Khanabal (Anantnag), Karu (Leh), Kargil and Chandigam (Kupwara). Assistance has also been provided to approximately 2700 public schools. These army schools are known to provide undisturbed and good quality education even during times of unrest.[42] Army Goodwill Schools operating under the shelter of Operation Sadbhavana are educating more than 10,000 students in the Kashmir Valley itself and over 14,000 students in Jammu and Kashmir.[43][44]

    Women Empowerment Centres

    Here women are taught various skills, awareness is raised about health and birth control, information regarding banking and loan procedures is imparted, basic education is imparted including operating computers, fashion designing and craft related skills. Under this initiative centers such as the Women's Vocational Training Centre, Poonch, Usha Fashion Design School, Baramulla and Women Empowerment Centre, Baramulla have been set up.[45]

    A group of students from Poonch & Rajouri, who are on educational tour under ‘Sadbhavana Operation’ meeting the Union Minister for New and Renewable Energy, Farooq Abdullah, in New Delhi on 17 February 2012.
    A group of students from Poonch & Rajouri, who are on educational tour under ‘Sadbhavana Operation’ meeting the Union Minister for New and Renewable Energy, Farooq Abdullah, in New Delhi on 17 February 2012.

    Educational/Motivational Tours

    The 12th President of India, Pratibha Devisingh Patil with the members of the National Integration Tour for senior citizens of Operation Sadbhavana from Mendhar Tehsil, Jammu and Kashmir, in New Delhi on March 9, 2009
    The 12th President of India, Pratibha Devisingh Patil with the members of the National Integration Tour for senior citizens of Operation Sadbhavana from Mendhar Tehsil, Jammu and Kashmir, in New Delhi on March 9, 2009

    Between 2012 and 2015, the Indian army conducted over 250 educational, national integration and capacity building tours (CBTs) and in each tour around 30 members are accommodated.[46][47] The members of the tour get to visit places such as Punjab, Dehradun, Kerala, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Gopalpur, Agra and New Delhi which each tour being unique in its own way.[48] The students also get to interact with students in India, administrative and government officials, which sometimes also includes the President and Prime Minister of India,[49][50][51][52] as well as other figures.[53][54] For many of the Kashmiri children on tours, they get the opportunity for the first time to travel outside Kashmir.[55][56]

    Model Villages

    Model Villages set up under Operation Sadbhavana include Chandigam Model Village, Lolab (Kupwara) and Sagra Model Village, Mendhar (Poonch).[citation needed]

    Health Care

    Medical Camps are conducted on a regular basis by the Indian army. A Military Hospital in Kargil has also been set up which also caters to civilians with various services being free of cost. The Pritam Spiritual Foundation (Poonch) under Operation Sadbhavana has provided artificial limbs free of cost to over 3100 people who have been victims of militancy, mine blasts or crossborder firing.[34] Under operation Sadbhavana veterinary aid camps and free treatment to civil animals are also offered.[57]

    Sports

    The Indian army organises various sporting events in Jammu and Kashmir in coordination with local sports bodies. Some events that has been conducted under this initiative includes the Kashmir Premier League,[58] Baramulla Girls Badminton League, Baramulla Cricket Premier League, Kupwara Premier Football League, Gingle Volleyball League. As many thirty two teams participated in the cricket tournament even as sixteen teams participated in the football tournament.[59]

    Operation Megh Rahat

    Main article: Indian Armed Forces and the Jammu and Kashmir floods, 2014

    In September 2014, Jammu and Kashmir witnessed severe flooding in many areas. The rainfall and flooding resulted in people dying on both sides of the border.[60][61] The Indian Armed Forces were deployed to conduct search, rescue, relief (NDRF and other local bodies also coordinated efforts). Nearly 30,000 troops were deployed.[62] By mid-September, over 200,000 people were rescued by the Armed forces.[63] While the Army's Northern Command response was called Operation Megh Rahat,[62] the Armed Forces assistance as a whole was called Mission Sahayata.[64][65]

    Militant fatalities since 1990

    Encounters generally increase in the summer season when the snow melts on the high Himalayan peaks dividing Indian- and Pakistani-administered Kashmir, making it easier for trained militants to cross over into the Indian side.[66] The Indian Army changes its strategy in summer which included redeployment as per summer infiltration routes along the LoC.[67]

    Indian security forces, between January and November 2021, conducted 73 operations in which 143 terrorists were killed.[68] On 15 October 2021 officials said 124 terrorists had been killed so far.[69]

    [70][71][68][72]

    Timeline

    Summary

    This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2020)
    A tabular view of the number of militants killed
    Year 2017 2018
    January 12 13
    February 10 6
    March 9 23
    April 8 19
    May 16 18
    June 21 26
    July 27 11
    August 25 25
    September 16 31
    October 17 26
    November 19 37
    December 12 -

    2017

    A total of 213 militants were killed under the operation by the Indian security forces in 2017. The security forces were able to persuade 82 youth to abandon militancy and come back. 78 security personnel were also killed in militant related violence.[73][74][75]

    January

    February

    March

    April

    May

    June

    July

    August

    September

    October

    November

    December

    2018

    As of 28 November 2018, a total of 222 militants and 41 security personnel have been killed in operations. A unilateral ceasefire was declared by the Indian Government from 14 May to 17 June where the security forces were asked not to launch new operations during Ramadan.[75][172][173]

    Date Number of militants Militants

    affiliation

    Number of security

    forces killed

    Security forces affiliation Number of

    civilians killed

    Area Notes References
    Killed Arrested
    6 January - - Jaish-e-Mohammed 4 Jammu and Kashmir Police - Sopore, Baramulla district Killed in an IED blast [174]
    8 January 3 - - - - Patrigam, Budgam district [175]
    9 January 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - - Kokernag, Anantnag district 9 sympathizers arrested [176][177]
    15 January 6 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army, CRPF, J&K Police - Uri sector, Baramulla district Killed in an infiltration bid [178][179]
    24 January 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - 44 RR, 14 CRPF, J&K Police 1 Dairoo's Chaigund, Shopian district [180]
    12 February 2 - Lashkar-e-Taiba 1 23 CRPF - Karan Nagar, Srinagar Attack on a CRPF camp [181]
    2 - - - Harpora area, Shopian district [182]
    26 February 1 - Hizbul Mujahideen - - Tral, Pulwama district Attack on Tral police station [183]
    27 February 1 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - - Hajin, Bandipora district [184]
    4 March 1 - - - - Phoan, Shopian district 3 accomplices also killed [185]
    5 March 1 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - 50 RR - Hatwar, Awantipora, Pulwama district Mastermind of the 2018 Sunjuwan attack [186]
    11 March 3 Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen - Indian Army, CRPF, SOG - Hakru, Anantnag district [187][188]
    15 March 2 - - - - Balhama, Pulwama district [189]
    20 March 4 - - - Arampora, Kupwara district [190]
    22 March 5 - Lashkar-e-Taiba 5 Indian Army, TA, CRPF, J&K Police - Halmatpora, Kupwara district [191]
    23 March 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - 19 RR, CRPF, J&K Police - Dooru, Anantnag district [192][193]
    24 March 1 - - - Arizal village, Budgam district [194]
    28 March 4 - - - Sunderbani, Rajouri district [195]
    1 April 5 - Lashkar-e-Taiba,

    Hizbul Mujahideen

    3 3 Kachdoora, Shopian district Ishfaq Malik and Rayees Thokar, responsible for the murder of Ummer Fayaz [196][197][198]
    7 - - 1 Draggad village, Shopian district
    1 1 - - Dialgam, Anantnag district
    6 April 1 - - - Kangan village, Pulwama district [199]
    - 1 Lashkar-e-Taiba - 41 RR, 98 CRPF, J&K Police - Halmatpora, Kupwara district [200]
    11 April Lashkar-e-Taiba 1 4 Wani Mohalla, Khudwani Kulgam Militants escaped [201]
    24 April 4 - Hizbul Mujahideen 2 42 RR, CRPF, J&K Police - Tral, Pulwama district [202]
    30 April 2 - - 44 RR, CRPF, J&K Police - Drabgam, Pulwama district [203]
    5 May 3 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - CRPF, SOG - Chattabal, Srinagar district [204][205]
    6 May 5 - Hizbul Mujahideen - 23 Para, 44 RR, 34 RR,

    3 RR, CRPF, SOG

    - Badigam, Shopian district [206][207][208]
    8 May - 4 - - - - Sopore, Baramulla district In addition, 7 OGW's arrested [209]
    19 May 3 - - - - - Handwara, Kupwara district [210][211]
    26 May 5 - - - Indian Army - Tangdhar sector, Kupwara district [212][213]
    28 May - - - 1 50 RR 1 Kakapora, Pulwama district Attack on 50 RR camp [214][215]
    31 May 2 - - - 32 RR - Handwara, Kupwara district [216][217]
    3 June 1 - - - - - Keran sector, Kupwara district [218]
    6 June 3 - - - Indian Army - Macchil sector, Kupwara district [219]
    7 June - - - 1 6 RR - Keran sector, Kupwara district [220]
    10 June 6 - - - Indian Army - [221]
    12 June - - - 2 J&K Police - Pulwama [222]
    14 June 2 - - 1 4 RR, 22 RR, 52 RR,

    18 RR, 28 RR, 27 RR,

    31 RR, 3 Para

    - Panar, Bandipora district [223]
    18 June 2 - - - - [224][225]
    20 June 3 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - RR, CRPF, SOG - Tral, Pulwama district [226]
    22 June 4 - ISJK 1 RR, CRPF, SOG 1 Srigufwara, Anantnag district [227]
    24 June 2 1 Lashkar-e-Taiba - RR, CRPF, SOG 1 Chadderbhan, Kulgam district [228]
    29 June 1 - - - Indian Army - Trehgam, Kupwara district [229]
    1 - - - Indian Army 1 Chatapora, Pulwama district [230][231][232]
    6 July - - - 1 J&K Police - Shopian district [233]
    8 July 1 - - - - - Handwara, Kupwara district [234]
    10 July 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - RR, CRPF, SOG 1 Kundullan, Shopian district [235][236]
    11 July 1 - - 1 Para SF - Menganwar, Kupwara district [237]
    15 July 1 - - - Indian Army - Safawali Gali, Kupwara district [238]
    - - - 1 J&K Police - Pulwama district [239]
    21 July 3 - - 1 Indian Army - Redwani, Kulgam district [240][241]
    24 July 2 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - Indian Army - Lal Chowk, Anantnag district [242]
    26 July 1 - - - Indian Army - Sodul village, Handwara, Kupwara district [243]
    2 August 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Kumrial, Kupwara district [244]
    3 August 2 - - - Indian Army - Sopore, Baramulla district [245]
    3 August 5 - - - Indian Army - Kiloora, Shopian district [246]
    7 August 2 - - 4 Indian Army - Gurez sector, Bandipora district [247]
    8 August 5 - - - Para, RR, SOG - Rafiabad, Baramulla district [248][249]
    18 August 3 - - - Indian Army - Tangdhar sector, Kupwara district [250]
    19 August 1 - - - Indian Army - Uri sector, Baramulla district [251]
    23 August 1 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army - Vailoo, Kokernag, Anantnag district [252]
    28 August 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Khanabal, Anantnag district [253]
    29 August - - Jaish-e-Mohammed 4 J&K Police - Bongam, Shopian district [254][255]
    30 August 2 - - - Indian Army - Hajin, Bandipora district [256]
    1 September 3 - - 1 Indian Army - Danna, Bandipora district [257]
    10 September 2 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - Indian Army - Handwara, Kupwara district
    13 September 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army - Chinkipora, Baramulla district [258]
    3 - - Jhajjar-Kotli forest, Reasi district [259]
    15 September 5 - Hizbul Mujahideen, Lashkar-e-Taiba - Indian Army - Chowgam, Kulgam district [260]
    21 September 5 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - Indian Army - Sumblar, Bandipora district [261]
    23 September 1 - - - Indian Army - Tral, Pulwama district [262]
    24 September 5 - - 1 Indian Army - Tangdhar sector, Kupwara district [263]
    25 September 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army - Tujjar, Sopore, Baramulla district [258]
    27 September 1 - Lashkar-e-Taiba 1 Indian Army - Gazigund, Anantnag district [264][265]
    2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - - Panzam, Budgam district
    9 October - 4 Hizbul Mujahideen - J&K Police Pulwama district [266]
    11 October 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Handwara, Kupwara district [267]
    12 October 1 1 Hizbul Mujahideen - 55 RR, CRPF, SOG - Babagund, Pulwama district [268]
    17 October 1 - Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen - Indian Army - Dougam, Pulwama district [269]
    18 October 3 - - - Indian Army - Uri sector, Baramulla district [270]
    20 October 3 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army 3 Laroo, Kulgam district [271][272]
    23 October 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - 55 RR, CRPF, SOG - Nowgam, Srinagar [273]
    25 October 2 - - - Indian Army, SOG - Authoora, Baramulla district [274]
    4 - - - Indian Army, SOG - Bijbehara's Arwani, Anantnag district [273][274]
    2 - - 1 Indian Army - Sopore, Baramulla district [275]
    30 October 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army - Chaanketaar, Tral, Pulwama district [276]
    31 October 2 - - - 53 RR - Zagoo, Khansahib, udgam district [277]
    1 November 1 - - - Indian Army - Handwara, Kupwara district [278]
    2 November - 1 Al-Badr - J&K Police - Handwara, Kupwara district [279]
    3 November 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Khudpora, Shopian district [280]
    5 November 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Safanagri, Zainapora, Shopian district [281]
    9 November 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Indian Army - Tikken, Pulwama district [282]
    11 November 1 - Jaish-e-Mohammed 1 Indian Army - Chattipra, Handwara, Kupwara district [283][284]
    13 November 1 - - - Indian Army - Akhnoor sector, Jammu district [285][286]
    2 - - - Indian Army - Keran sector, Kupwara district
    17 November 2 - Al-Badr - Indian Army, J&K Police - Rebian, Shopian district [287]
    19 November 4 Hizbul Mujahideen 1 23 Para, CRPF Nadigam, Shopian district [288][289]
    23 November 6 Hizbul Mujahideen, Lashkar-e-Taiba - 3 RR, SOG - Sekipora, Bijbhera, Anantnag district [290][291]
    25 November 6 - 1 34 RR, CRPF, SOG - Hipura Batagund, Shopian district Operation Batagund [292][293]
    1 1 Jaish-e-Mohammed - Indian Army - Khrew, Awantipora, Pulwama district [294]
    26 November 2 - - 1 RR, 163 CRPF, SOG - Redwani, Kulgam district [295][296][297]
    1 - - - Indian Army, CRPF, J&K Police - Hafoo, Tral, Pulwama district
    27 November 2 - Lashkar-e-Taiba - Indian Army, CRPF, J&K Police - Kuthpora, Budgam district [298][299]
    28 November 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - 55 RR, 185 CRPF, 130 CRPF, SOG - Sharshali, Pulwama district [300][301]

    2020

    Indian security forces, between January and 19 June, launched several operations in which 102 terrorists were killed. Lt Gen BS Raju mentioned in a press conference that normalcy will return in the valley within few months and all the terrorists will be eliminated.[68][302] In the first week of April, Operation Randori Behak (1 April to 5 April) resulted in the deaths of five para commandos from 4 Para, the same commandos which had taken part in the 2016 'surgical strikes'.[303][304] Among those para commandos was Junior Commissioned Officer Sanjiv Kumar, KC, who died in action on 5 April.[305][a]

    Operation Randori Behak resulted in the most deaths in 202: five terrorists and five soldiers.[309] On 2 May, following Pakistani border firing and the deaths of Indian security forces, the United Nations spokesperson said that "Antonio Guterres' ceasefire appeal is global".[310]

    May onwards, Indian troops have been part of the 2020 China–India skirmishes.

    Date Number of militants Militants

    affiliation

    Number of security

    forces killed

    Security forces affiliation Number of

    civilians killed

    Area Notes References
    Killed Arrested
    15 January 1 - Hizbul Mujahideen - J&K Police, Indian Army (RR), other security agencies - Tantna village, Gundana tehsil, Doda Haroon Abbas Wani, HB district commander [311]
    5 April 5 - LeT - The Resistance Front (TRF) 5 4 Para SF - Keran, Kupwara Infiltration during COVID-19 pandemic, Operation Randori Behak [312][313]
    22 April 4 - - - - - Malhura Zanpora village, Shopian [314]
    2 May 2 - - 5 (4+1) Indian Army, J&K Police - Changimul, Handwara, Kupwara district, Chinese type 56 assault rifles recovered[315] [316]
    4 May - - - 3 CRPF - [317]
    6 May 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - J&K Police, Indian Army, paramilitary - Sarshali village, Khrew, Awantipora Riyaz Naikoo killed [318][319]
    16 May - - - 1 CRPF, J&K Police - Frisal chowk in Yaripora, Kulgam [320][321]
    17 May 1 - Hizbul Mujahideen 1 Indian Army - Doda Tahir Ahmad Bhat killed; associate of Haroon Abbas Wani who was killed on 15 January 2020 [322]
    19 May 2 - Hizbul Mujahideen - J&K Police, CRPF 3 Nawakadal, Srinagar Ashraf Sehrai's son, Junaid Sehrai, a top Hizbul commander. 12 houses damaged, 3 injured civilians later died. [323][324]
    24/25 May 2 - - - Kulgam Police, 34 RR and CRPF 18 Bn - Khurd-Hanjipora area, Manzgam, Kulgam [324]
    27 May - - Hizbul/ Jaish-e-Mohammed - J&K Police, CRPF & Indian Army - Pulwama Car with 40 kg IED captured, driver escapes [325]
    30 May 2 - - - J&K Police, Indian Army, CRPF - Wanpora area, Kulgam [326]
    31 May to 1 June 13 - - - Indian Army - Kalal village, Naushera sector Rajouri Search operations also by Border Security Force and police. [327][328]
    2 June 2 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Security forces - Pulwama [329]
    3 June 3 - Jaish-e-Mohammed - Security forces - Kangan, Pulwama Fauji Bhai alias Abdul Rehman, a Jaish bomb expert, also participated in Afghanistan war, killed [329][330]
    7 June 5 - Hizbul Mujahideen - Army, CRPF and Shopian Police - Reban village, Pinjora, Shopian [331]
    8 June 4 - Hizbul Mujahideen - J&K Police, Indian Army, CRPF - Pinjora, Shopian 12 hour encounter [332]
    24 July - - - - Indian Army - Hathlanga, Baramulla Arms and ammunition including AK47s, 5 Chinese pistol recovered during search operation [333]
    25 July 2 - LeT - Joint operation - Ranbirgarh, Srinagar Operation Ranbergad [334]

    See also

    Notes

    1. ^ Kumar led a team of four soldiers during Operation Randori Behak. For his leadership during the operation, he was posthumously awarded the Kirti Chakra.[306][307][308]

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