Indiana Guard Reserve
CountryUnited States of America
TypeState Defense Force
Part ofIndiana National Guard
HeadquartersIndianapolis, Indiana
WebsiteIndiana Guard Reserve
Commanders
GovernorEric Holcomb
Adjutant GeneralBG R. Dale Lyles
Commanding GeneralMG Bruce Bowers
Command Sergeant MajorCSM James H. Coe

The Indiana Guard Reserve, formerly the Liberty Guard and the Indiana Legion, is the state defense force[1] of the state of Indiana. The Indiana Guard Reserve serves under the exclusive authority of the governor of the State of Indiana through his executive agent for military matters, The Adjutant General of Indiana. The Guard Reserve is a unique military organization designed to supplement the Indiana National Guard and to defend Indiana if any part of the Indiana National Guard is in active federal service.[2] The Indiana Guard Reserve also provides MEMS qualified soldiers who can augment Indiana Homeland Security missions and County Emergency Operations activities.[3]

Organization

The Indiana Guard Reserve is organized pursuant to Indiana Code IC 10-16-8.[4] It is subdivided into the following seven major subordinate units:

The Indiana Guard Reserve contains the following four specialized units:

Purpose and missions

A member of the Indiana Guard Reserve shakes hands with a JROTC cadet during the JROTC Cadet Leaders Course at Camp Atterbury.
A member of the Indiana Guard Reserve shakes hands with a JROTC cadet during the JROTC Cadet Leaders Course at Camp Atterbury.

The purpose of any state defense force is to provide the governor of a state with a viable military force in the event that National Guard forces for that state have been mobilized into federal active service. The Indiana Guard Reserve has prepared for several missions in the event that the Indiana National Guard is federalized.

Some of the missions performed by IGR include:[citation needed]

Training

The Indiana Guard Reserve offers specialized and general training to its members.[10] Some examples of training offered either at state or local levels include:

Historic missions

The Indiana Guard Reserve has undertaken several missions in the past, including the following:

History

Indiana's militia dates back to 1801 when it was first formed organized by Governor William Henry Harrison. During the American Civil War the Indiana Legion was created, giving the militia an official role in the state and distinguishing them from the regiments called to federal duty who would later become the Indiana National Guard. During the Civil War the Legion played a prominent role in the Newburgh Raid, fought in the Battle of Corydon, was active throughout Morgan's Raid into Indiana, and patrolled the state's southern border and protected areas of importance. The Legion was renamed to the Liberty Guard in 1903 and served in various functions in the state. The Liberty Guard was renamed the Indiana Guard Reserve in 1916 and given a more formal role in the state.[17]

Air Wing

There was formerly an Air Wing of the IGR, which wore a slightly-modified Air Force uniform. It was disbanded in the mid-1990s.[citation needed]

Uniform

Personnel of the Guard Reserve will be authorized to wear the U.S. Army duty uniforms, both Class A and B, as well as the Class C (ACU's ). Ownership of the Dress Blue is optional. Wear of these uniforms is authorized with minor insignia modifications.[1]

Decorations

The following ribbons are awarded to members of the Indiana Guard Reserve.[18]

The Indiana Guard Reserve also awards the INGR Medallion and expert, sharpshooter, and marksman badges for both rifle and pistol.[18] Members who have previously served in the federal military may wear decorations awarded for prior service may also be worn on the uniform.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a497665.pdf
  2. ^ http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2014/ic/titles/010/articles/016/chapters/008/
  3. ^ https://sgaus.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/INDIANA-SRP.pdf
  4. ^ "Guard Reserve". Indiana General Assembly. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Hesdquarters". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "First Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Second Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Third Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d "Fourth Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Training Academy". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Support Command". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Chaplains Corps". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Medical Command". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Search and Rescue Detachment". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Ceremonial Unit". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Hoosiers serving Hoosiers during Outbreak". statedefenseforce.com. 18 April 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  17. ^ "History of the IGR". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Ribbons and Awards". Indiana Guard Reserve Official Website. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  19. ^ "Join Us!". Indiana Guard Reserve Official Website. Retrieved 18 November 2015.