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Induced consumption is the portion of consumption that varies with disposable income.[1] When a change in disposable income “induces” a change in consumption on goods and services, then that changed consumption is called “induced consumption”. In contrast, expenditures for autonomous consumption do not vary with income. For instance, expenditure on a consumable that is considered a normal good would be considered to be induced.

In the simple linear consumption function,[2]

induced consumption is represented by the term , where denotes disposable income and is called the marginal propensity to consume.

See also


  1. ^ "The Difference Between Induced Consumption and Autonomous Consumption". Investopedia. Retrieved 2023-10-25.
  2. ^ Arnold, Roger A. (2015). "The Consumption Function". Economics (12th ed.). Cengage Learning. pp. 259–60. ISBN 978-1-305-46545-9.