Industrial Training Institute
Other nameराजकीय औद्योगिक प्रशिक्षण संस्थान
Established1950; 74 years ago (1950)[1]
FocusSkill development
SubsidiariesNCVT & SCVT
OwnerMinistry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Industrial training institutes (ITI) and industrial training centers (ITC) is a qualification and are post-secondary schools in India constituted under the Directorate General of Training (DGT), Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Union Government, to provide training in various trades.[2][3]

Training schemes

Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)

The Directorate General of Training (DGT) initiated the Craftsmen Training Scheme in 1950.[4] Training periods range from six months to two years in over 130 different specialties. Prerequisites for the courses range from 8th to 12th class pass. Upon completion of the training, trainees write the All India Trade Test (AITT). Successful candidates receive the National Trade Certificate (NTC).[5]


Admission to the various trades of ITI/ITC is done every year in August. The ITI Admission Procedure is started before the commencement of the new session. Sessions under this scheme starts from 1 August. Under the NCVT guidelines admission in ITIs is made on merit based / written examination. Admission to the private ITIs are done directly.[6]


Some trades under this scheme are listed below.

ITI conduct two types of trades for admission M-Group and G-group.

Schemes/Courses for ITI pass outs

Apprenticeship Training Scheme

After completing ITI, tradesmen can undergo apprenticeship training in different industries. The Scheme is implemented by Directorate General of Training under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship with the objective that "Training imparted in Institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training in the actual work place."[7]

Duration for Apprenticeship training is generally one year for those appeared in ITI final exam, i.e. AITT. For freshers usually it takes three years. During the training trainees are paid stipend on monthly basis.

Lateral Entry to Polytechnic Diploma Engineering

Polytechnics approved by AICTE offer engineering courses for 3 years duration through an entrance exam known with different name in different states (JEXPO in West Bengal, JEEP in Uttarakhand, JEECUP in Uttar Pradesh, CG PPT in Chandigarh etc.).And After the completion of the course candidates are awarded with diploma in different disciplines. Those who have passed minimum 2 years ITI course with National Trade Certificate are given an opportunity to go for a lateral entry directly to the 2nd year of the Polytechnic diploma course. Entrance exam known as VOCLET is conducted every year for this purpose along with the JEXPO.[8]


  1. ^ "Govt ITI Aryanad".
  2. ^ "Armed with technical edge, poor students land a job". The Times of India. 12 September 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  3. ^ "National Skill Development Mission".
  4. ^ "Overview:: Directorate General of Training (DGT)". Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Salient Features:: Directorate General of Training (DGT)". Archived from the original on 8 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  6. ^ "General Admission Guidelines:: Directorate General of Training (DGT)". Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Overview: Directorate General of Training (DGT)". National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  8. ^ Guideline on admission d56 in and a great 7to the Diploma courses in Polytechnic