In India, Institute of National Importance (INI) is a status that may be conferred on a premier public higher education institution by an act of the Parliament of India for such institutions which, "serve as a pivotal player in developing highly skilled personnel within the specified region of the country or state." Institutes of National Importance receive special recognition, higher autonomy, and direct funding from the Government of India. Some of India's highest ranked universities, including all of the IITs, AIIMSs and IIMs, have this status.

Common Acts

Architecture

The Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA) are declared as Institutes of National Importance through the 'School of Planning and Architecture Act, 2014' and its subsequent amendments.[1]

Design

Engineering and Technology

Food Technology

National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Kundli (NIFTEM-K) and National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management, Thanjavur (NIFTEM-T) are declared Institutes of National Importance through the National Institutes of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management Act, 2021.[8][9]

Management

Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) are declared as Institutes of National Importance through the Indian Institutes of Management Act, 2017 and its subsequent amendments.[10]

Medicine

All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are declared as Institutes of National Importance through the 'All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956' and its subsequent amendments.[11]

Pharmacy

National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) are declared as Institutes of National Importance through the 'National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Act, 1998' and its subsequent amendments.[12]

Science

Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) are Institutes of National Importance through the amendments in the National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research Act, 2007.[13]

Summary statistics

As of June 2024, there are 171 Institutes of National Importance under various Acts of Parliament. These INIs include: 23 IITs, 20 AIIMSs, 21 IIMs, 31 NITs, 25 IIITs, 7 IISERs, 7 NIPERs, 5 NIDs, 3 SPAs, 2 NIFTEMs, 10 Central universities, 4 Medical research institutes, and 13 other specialized institutes.[14]

Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati Tirupati Andhra Pradesh 2015 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati Guwahati Assam 1994 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Patna Patna Bihar 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Bhilai Bhilai Chhattisgarh 2016 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi New Delhi Delhi 1963 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Goa Farmagudi Goa 2016 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Gujarat 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi Mandi Himachal Pradesh 2009 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Jammu Jammu Jammu and Kashmir 2016 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad[N 1] Dhanbad Jharkhand 1926 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Dharwad Dharwad Karnataka 2016 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad Palakkad Kerala 2015 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Indore Indore Madhya Pradesh 2009 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Mumbai Maharashtra 1958 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Odisha 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad Hyderabad Telangana 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar Rupnagar Punjab 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur Jodhpur Rajasthan 2008 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Chennai Tamil Nadu 1959 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 1959 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi[N 1] Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 1919 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee[N 1] Roorkee Uttarakhand 1847 IIT Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Kharagpur West Bengal 1951 IIT Engineering

Indian Institute of Management (IIMs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Gujarat 1961 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Amritsar Amritsar Punjab 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore Bengaluru Karnataka 1973 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Bodh Gaya Bodh Gaya Bihar 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta Kolkata West Bengal 1961 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Indore Indore Madhya Pradesh 1996 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Jammu Jammu Jammu and Kashmir 2016 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Kashipur Kashipur Uttarakhand 2011 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, kozhikode Kozhikode Kerala 1996 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 1984 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Nagpur Nagpur Maharashtra 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Raipur Raipur Chhattisgarh 2010 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Ranchi Ranchi Jharkhand 2010 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak Rohtak Haryana 2010 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Sambalpur Sambalpur Odisha 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Shilliong Shillong Meghalaya 2007 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Sirmaur Paonta Sahib Himachal Pradesh 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 2011 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Udaipur Udaipur Rajasthan 2011 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Visakhapatnam Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 2015 IIM Management
Indian Institute of Management, Mumbai[N 2] Mumbai Maharashtra 1963 IIM Management

Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior Gwalior Madhya Pradesh 1997 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Agartala Agartala Tripura 2018 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh 1999 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Bihar 2017 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhopal Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2017 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh 2005 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kancheepuram Chennai Tamil Nadu 2007 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kurnool Kurnool Andhra Pradesh 2015 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad Dharwad Karnataka 2015 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Guwahati Guwahati Assam 2013 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani Kalyani West Bengal 2014 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kota Kota Rajasthan 2013 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kottayam Kottayam Kerala 2015 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Lucknow Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 2015 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Manipur Imphal Manipur 2015 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Nagpur Nagpur Maharashtra 2016 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Pune Pune Maharashtra 2016 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Raichur Raichur Karnataka 2019 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Ranchi Ranchi Jharkhand 2016 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sonepat Sonipat Haryana 2014 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sri City Sri City Andhra Pradesh 2013 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Surat Surat Gujarat 2017 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 2013 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Una Una Himachal Pradesh 2014 IIIT Information Technology
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Vadodara Vadodara Gujarat 2013 IIIT Information Technology

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Berhampur Berhampur Odisha 2016 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2008 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata Kalyani West Bengal 2006 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali Mohali Punjab 2007 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune Pune Maharashtra 2006 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 2008 IISER Sciences
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati Tirupati Andhra Pradesh 2015 IISER Sciences

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMSs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bathinda Bathinda Punjab 2019 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Odisha 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bibinagar Bibinagar Telangana 2019 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur Bilaspur Himachal Pradesh 2020 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Deoghar Deoghar Jharkhand 2019 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh 2019 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Guwahati Guwahati Assam 2020 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur Jodhpur Rajasthan 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalyani Kalyani West Bengal 2018 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Madurai Madurai Tamil Nadu 2021 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri Mangalagiri Andhra Pradesh 2018 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur Nagpur Maharashtra 2018 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi New Delhi Delhi 1956 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna Patna Bihar 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Raebareli Uttar Pradesh 2013 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur Raipur Chhattisgarh 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rajkot Rajkot Gujarat 2020 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh Rishikesh Uttarakhand 2012 AIIMS Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Vijaypur Jammu Jammu and Kashmir 2020 AIIMS Medicine

National Institute of Technology (NITs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
National Institute of Technology, Raipur Raipur Chhattisgarh 1956 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Rourkela Rourkela Odisha 1961 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Sikkim Ravangla Sikkim 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar Assam 1967 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Srinagar Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir 1960 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 1964 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Uttarakhand Srinagar Uttarakhand 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Warangal Warangal Telangana 1959 NIT Engineering
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar Jalandhar Punjab 1987 NIT Engineering
Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur Jaipur Rajasthan 1963 NIT Engineering
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 1960 NIT Engineering
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh 1961 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Agartala Agartala Tripura 1965 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Andhra Pradesh Tadepalligudem Andhra Pradesh 2015 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh Yupia Arunachal Pradesh 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Kozhikode Kerala 1961 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Delhi New Delhi Delhi 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur Durgapur West Bengal 1960 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Goa Cuncolim Goa 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur Hamirpur Himachal Pradesh 1986 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur Jamshedpur Jharkhand 1960 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Karnataka Mangaluru Karnataka 1960 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra Kurukshetra Haryana 1963 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Manipur Imphal Manipur 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Meghalaya Shillong Meghalaya 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Mizoram Aizawl Mizoram 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Nagaland Chümoukedima Nagaland 2010 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Patna Patna Bihar 1886 NIT Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Puducherry Karaikal Puducherry 2010 NIT Engineering
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur Nagpur Maharashtra 1960 NIT Engineering
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat Surat Gujarat 1961 NIT Engineering

National Institute of Design (NIDs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Gujarat 1960 NID Design
National Institute of Design, Andhra Pradesh Amaravati Andhra Pradesh 2015 NID Design
National Institute of Design, Assam Jorhat Assam 2019 NID Design
National Institute of Design, Haryana Kurukshetra Haryana 2016 NID Design
National Institute of Design, Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2019 NID Design

National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEMs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Sonepat Sonepat Haryana 2012 NIFTEM Food Technology
National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management, Thanjavur Thanjavur Tamil Nadu 1967 NIFTEM Food Technology

National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPERs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Gujarat 2007 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Guwahati Guwahati Assam 2008 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur Hajipur Bihar 2007 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad Hyderabad Telangana 2007 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata Kolkata West Bengal 2007 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali Mohali Punjab 1998 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Raebareli Raebareli Uttar Pradesh 2007 NIPER Pharmaceutical Science

School of Planning and Architecture (SPAs)

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2008 SPA Architecture
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi New Delhi Delhi 1941 SPA Architecture
School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh 2008 SPA Architecture

Central Universities

Institute City State Founded Type Specialization
Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh Uttar Pradesh 1920 General[15]
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 1914 General[15]
Nalanda University Rajgir Bihar 2010 Social Science[16]
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University Pusa, Samastipur Bihar 1905 Agricultural Science[17]
National Forensic Sciences University[N 3] Gandhinagar Gujarat 2020 Forensic Science[18]
Visva-Bharati University Santiniketan West Bengal 1921 General[19]
Rashtriya Raksha University[N 4] Gandhinagar Gujarat 2020 Security Studies[20]
Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University Jhansi Uttar Pradesh 2014 Agricultural Science[21]
University of Allahabad Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh 1887 General[22]
University of Delhi New Delhi Delhi 1922 General[15]

Medical Research Institutes

Institute City State Founded Specialization
National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences Bengaluru Karnataka 1847 Medicine[23]
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh Chandigarh 1962 Medicine[15]
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 1973 Medicine[15]
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research[N 5] Pondicherry Puducherry 1823 Medicine[15]

Other Specialized Institutes

Institute City State Founded Specialization
The Asiatic Society Kolkata West Bengal 1784 Oriental Studies[24]
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur[N 6] Howrah West Bengal 1856 Engineering[25]
Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 2016 Petroleum Engineering[26]
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology Jais Uttar Pradesh 2007 Petroleum Engineering[15]
Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha Chennai Tamil Nadu 1918 Language Studies[15]
Kalakshetra Foundation Chennai Tamil Nadu 1936 Arts and Culture[27]
Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata West Bengal 1931 Statistics[15]
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Ghaziabad Uttar Pradesh 2010 Sciences[15]
Footwear Design and Development Institute Noida Uttar Pradesh 1986 Applied Design[28]
India International Arbitration Centre New Delhi Delhi 2020 International Arbitration[29]
Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development Chennai Tamil Nadu 1993 Youth Affairs[15]
Regional Centre for Biotechnology Faridabad Haryana 2009 Biotechnology[15]
Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar[N 7] Jamnagar Gujarat 2020 Ayurvedic Medicine[30]

Proposed Institutes of National Importance (INIs)

The following institutes have been proposed as INIs through a bill:

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c IIT Roorkee was included in the IIT system in 2001; IIT-BHU Varanasi was included in the IIT system in 2012; IIT-ISM Dhanbad was included in the IIT system in 2016
  2. ^ IIM Mumbai was included in the IIM system in 2023
  3. ^ Gujarat Forensic Science University was re-established as National Forensic Sciences University in 2020
  4. ^ Raksha Shakti University was re-established as Rashtriya Raksha University in 2020
  5. ^ Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry was re-established as JIPMER in 1964
  6. ^ Bengal Engineering and Science University was re-established as IIEST, Shibpur in 2014
  7. ^ Gujarat Ayurved University was re-established as Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar in 2020

References

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  8. ^ Parliament passes bill to declare 2 food tech institutes as institutes of national importance, Outlook, 26 July 2021.
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