Internal Troops
Belarusian: Унутраныя войскі МУС
Russian: Внутренние войска МВД
Belarus Internal Troops patch.png
Shoulder Patch of the Internal Troops
Active1991
Country Belarus
BranchMinistry of Internal Affairs
TypeGendarmerie
Size12,000[1]
HeadquartersMinsk
MarchMarch of the Internal Troops
Anniversaries18 March
Commanders
Deputy Interior Minister – Commander of the Internal TroopsNikolai Karpenkov
Deputy CommanderKhazalbek Atabekov[2]
Insignia
Emblem
Belarus Internal Troops emblem.png

The Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Belarusian: Унутраныя войскі МУС; Russian: Внутренние войска МВД) is a paramilitary law enforcement force in the Republic of Belarus under the national Ministry of Internal Affairs. All personnel are trained in the Internal Troops College of the Military Academy of Belarus.

History

The Internal Troops trace their history to a separate command of guards in Vitebsk, formed on 18 March 1918. Subsequently, the team was transformed into the 5th Byelorussian Convoy Regiment. Later, as the organs of the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, units of NKVD were formed. All of the units participated in Russian Civil War, the Second World War, the Soviet–Afghan War and in responding to the aftermath of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in the country's southwest.

On 22 November 1968, the 22nd Department of Escort and Protection (sometimes translated as Convoy and Protection) was reorganized as the 43rd Escort [or Convoy] Division, with its headquarters at Minsk.[3] Two years later it had reached a strength of three escort or convoy regiments, a motorized regiment, and an independent special motorized militia battalion. At the end of the 1980s, Internal Troops units were involved in the inter ethnic conflicts in the territory of the Soviet Union.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the formations and units of the troops deployed in Belarus became the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, created on the organizational basis of the 43rd Convoy Division.

On 3 June 1993, the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus" was adopted, the process of qualitative changes and reforming began.[4] In 1994, civil defense headquarters was incorporated into the internal troops. On 8 November 1995, President Alexander Lukashenko approved the organizational structure and deployment of internal troops. On 7 May 1998, the internal troops were presented with the Combat Banners and new state symbols.

The conclusion of the process of reforming the troops was declared on 19 June 2001. The corresponding decree provides for the establishment of the Day of Internal Troops on March 18, celebrated annually.[5][6] In 2003, the Belarusian House of Representatives adopted a new version of the Law "On Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus".[7]

After the elections and protests in 2020, some of the leaders of the internal troops came under sanctions. Namely, on October 2, 2020, the European Union included in its sanctions list the commander of the Internal Troops Yuri Nazarenko and his deputy Khazalbek Atabekov,[8][9] on December 17 – the first deputy commander of the internal troops and the chief of staff Igor Burmistrov,[10][11] and on June 21, 2021 – the new commander of the Internal Troops Mikalai Karpiankou.[12][13] The United Kingdom[14] and Switzerland[15] also imposed sanctions against these four individuals. In addition, Atabekov, Nazarenko and Karpiankou were included in the Canadian sanctions list[16][17] and in the SDN list of the US.[18][19]

On 21 June 2021, the U.S. Treasury has added the Internal Troops themselves to the SDN list.[19]

Excerpt from the statement by the U.S. Treasury:

The Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (Internal Troops), a Belarusian police force subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), has been involved in the violent suppression of peaceful protesters in multiple locations in Belarus since the August 9, 2020, fraudulent presidential election. On October 2, 2020, OFAC designated the Internal Troops’ then-Commander Yuriy Nazaranka and Deputy Commander Khazalbek Atabekau pursuant to E.O. 13405 for being responsible for, or having participated in, actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in Belarus.[19]

Organization

The Special Purpose Unit of Belarus of the Internal Troops.
The Special Purpose Unit of Belarus of the Internal Troops.

As of 2020, they consist of the following elements:[citation needed]

Gallery

Missions

The missions of the Internal Troops are as follows:[27]

Commanders

References

  1. ^ "Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел Республики Беларусь". www.mvd.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  2. ^ "Хазалбек Атабеков назначен заместителем командующего внутренними войсками МВД Беларуси". www.belta.by. May 22, 2018. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  3. ^ Michael Holm, 43rd Red Banner Escort Division VV MVD SSSR, accessed July 2020.
  4. ^ "Law of the Republic of Belarus "About internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus"". cis-legislation.com. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  5. ^ "18 марта — День внутренних войск МВД РБ. Два вопроса ветеранам - Волковысская газета "Наш час", новости Волковыска". volkovysknews.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  6. ^ "18 марта - День внутренних войск МВД РБ".
  7. ^ История внутренних войск на сайте МВД РБ
  8. ^ "Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/339 of 25 February 2021 implementing Article 8a of Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus". EUR-Lex. 2021-02-26. Retrieved 2021-07-24.
  9. ^ "40 беларускіх чыноўнікаў, якія трапілі пад санкцыі Эўразьвязу. Сьпіс" (in Belarusian (Taraškievica orthography)). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 2020-10-02. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  10. ^ "EUR-Lex - 32020R2129 - EN". EUR-Lex. 2020-12-17. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  11. ^ "Два бізнэсоўцы і кампаніі ВПК: хто трапіў пад чарговыя санкцыі і што гэта за кампаніі" (in Belarusian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 2020-12-17. Retrieved 2021-09-09.
  12. ^ COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/997EUR-Lex, 21 June 2021
  13. ^ "EU okays 4th sanctions package against pro-Lukashenka officials, companies" (in Russian). Belsat. 2021-06-21. Archived from the original on 2021-06-27. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
  14. ^ "Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets in the UK" (PDF). Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation HM Treasury. 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  15. ^ Searching for subjects of sanctions
  16. ^ "Backgrounder: Belarus sanctions". Global Affairs Canada. 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  17. ^ "Backgrounder - Sanctions related to Belarus". Global Affairs Canada. 2021-06-21. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  18. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Belarus Officials for Undermining Democracy". United States Department of the Treasury. 2020-10-02. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  19. ^ a b c "Treasury and International Partners Condemn Ongoing Human Rights Abuses and Erosion of Democracy in Belarus". United States Department of the Treasury. 2021-06-21. Retrieved 2021-09-18.
  20. ^ https://minobl.mvd.gov.by/m/ru/page/vojskovaya-chast-3310
  21. ^ "4-я отдельная специальная милицейская бригада внутренних войск МВД Республики Беларусь - Войсковая часть 7404".
  22. ^ "Внутренние войска МВД Беларуси отмечают 100 лет". nashkraj.by. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  23. ^ "Войсковая часть № 6713". Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  24. ^ "Бойцы внутренних войск продемонстрировали навыки в центре Витебска по случаю профессионального праздника | Витебское ГПЛХО". vitebsk.mlh.by. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  25. ^ "Для витебских школьников в воинской части 5524 провели день открытых дверей". Витебские Вести. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  26. ^ "Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел". pogovorim.by. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  27. ^ Внутренние войска на сайте МВД РБ
  28. ^ Ryadovoy.ru, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2011-11-06.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "НАЗАРЕНКО Юрий Геннадьевич". www.mvd.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  30. ^ "Церемония чествования выпускников высших военных учебных заведений и высшего офицерского состава | Новости | Официальный интернет-портал Президента Республики Беларусь". president.gov.by. Retrieved Aug 14, 2020.
  31. ^ "Belarus President makes new appointments | Events | The Official Internet Portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus". president.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-11-23.