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The International Conference on Environmental Systems, or ICES (known prior to 1990 as the Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems), is an annual technical conference focusing on human spaceflight technology and space human factors. Session topics include: Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS), thermal control, life sciences, extra-vehicular activity (EVA) systems (including space suit design and human-robot interaction), space architecture, and mission planning for exploration.

The conference has taken place annually since 1971.

History

The first ICES conference was held in San Francisco in 1971, after three years of work by members of Environmental Control and Life Support System specialist committees representing four different societies: the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), and the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA). It replaced three other meetings held each year as part of various society conference programs and since then it has been held every year. In 1972, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) became the fifth and final co-sponsoring society for ICES.[1]

Prior to 1990, ICES organization was US-only. In 1990 it became international, by merging the American conference with a similar conference held in Europe, and ICES started to be held abroad (for the first time in Germany in 1994). Since 2000, the ICES conference takes place four times out of five in the US and once in five years outside US (so far in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2016).

For its first 39 years, the main ICES organizer was the Society of Automotive Engineers; from 2010 through 2013, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics filled the role of main organizer, supported by American Institute of Chemical Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers and ICES International Committee. Starting in 2014, the conference became an independent entity that was organized by Texas Tech University.[2] in 2014 and 2015. In 2016, the conference became independent with its own website at http://www.ices.space whilst AIAA, AIChE, ASME, and the ICES International Committee continue organizing the conference sessions.

Papers presented at ICES are published every year in the conference proceedings, from 1971 to 2009 by SAE, then from 2010 to 2013 by AIAA. These papers are available and searchable online at the SAE and AIAA websites. They are now published by the ICES organization. Proceedings from the 2014-2019 conferences, hosted by Texas Tech University, are accessible from the ICES conference website.

Conference locations

US conference locations map
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Bellevue, Washington
Bellevue, Washington
Boston, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts
Calgary, Alberta
Calgary, Alberta
Charleston, South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Danvers, Massachusetts
Danvers, Massachusetts
Denver, Colorado
Denver, Colorado
Lake Tahoe, Nevada
Lake Tahoe, Nevada
Monterey, California
Monterey, California
Norfolk, Virginia
Norfolk, Virginia
Orlando, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
San Antonio
San Antonio
San Diego, California
San Diego, California
San Francisco, California
San Francisco, California
Savannah, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Seattle, Washington
Seattle, Washington
Tucson, Arizona
Tucson, Arizona
Vail, Colorado
Vail, Colorado
Vancouver, British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia
Williamsburg, Virginia
Williamsburg, Virginia
North American conference locations as of 2023. Cities in blue have hosted multiple times.
Europe conference locations map
Barcelona
Barcelona
Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
Rome
Rome
Toulouse
Toulouse
Vienna
Vienna
European conference locations as of 2016

The conference is located primarily in the United States, and was located exclusively on the west coast of the US for its first 19 years. Since 1994, the conference has taken place in Europe roughly once every five years.

Year Location
1971 San Francisco, California[1]
1972 San Diego, California[1]
1973 San Diego, California[3]
1974 Seattle, Washington[3]
1975 San Francisco, California[4]
1976 San Diego, California[5]
1977 San Francisco, California[6]
1978 San Francisco, California[7]
1979 San Francisco, California[8]
1980 San Diego, California[8]
1981 San Francisco, California[8]
1982 San Diego, California[9]
1983 San Francisco, California[10]
1984 San Diego, California[8]
1985 San Francisco, California[4]
1986 San Diego, California[11]
1987 Seattle, Washington[12]
1988 San Francisco, California[13]
1989 San Diego, California[13]
1990 Williamsburg, Virginia[14]
1991 San Francisco, California[14]
1992 Seattle, Washington[14]
1993 Colorado Springs, Colorado[15]
1994 Friedrichshafen, Germany[16]
1995 San Diego, California[14]
1996 Monterey, California[14]
1997 Lake Tahoe, Nevada[17]
1998 Danvers, Massachusetts[18]
1999 Denver, Colorado[19]
2000 Toulouse, France[20]
2001 Orlando, Florida[21]
2002 San Antonio, Texas[21]
2003 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada[22]
2004 Colorado Springs, Colorado[23]
2005 Rome, Italy[24]
2006 Norfolk, Virginia[25]
2007 Chicago, Illinois[26]
2008 San Francisco, California[27]
2009 Savannah, Georgia
2010 Barcelona, Spain[28]
2011 Portland, Oregon
2012 San Diego, California[29]
2013 Vail, Colorado[30]
2014 Tucson, Arizona[2]
2015 Bellevue, Washington[2]
2016 Vienna, Austria[31]
2017 Charleston, South Carolina[31]
2018 Albuquerque, New Mexico[31]
2019 Boston[32]
2020 postponed to 2021[33]
2021 Virtual[34]
2022 St. Paul, Minnesota
2023 Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Organization

The ICES conference is organized by the following committees:

Initially the conference was co-organized also by the AsMA Life Sciences and Biomedical Engineering Branch Executive Committee,[1] now discontinued.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "AEROSPACE DIVISION : AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (ASME INTERNATIONAL) : BY-LAWS and OPERATION GUIDE". Files.asme.org. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "45th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES 2015) :: Civil & Environmental Engineering :: TTU". ttu.edu. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Physical/Chemical Closed-loop Water-recycling" (PDF). Ntrs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Air Revitalization: Oxygen Production". oregonstate.edu. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  5. ^ "THE SHOCK AND VIBRATION DIGEST. VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2" (PDF). Dtic.mil. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 9, 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  6. ^ "URC WEB: Urine Pretreatment". urc.cc. Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Regenerative Life Support: Water Disinfection". oregonstate.edu. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d "NICOLA NERVEGNA". Didattica.polito.it. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  9. ^ "EXPERIMENT INFORMATION - Vestibular Experiments (1NS102)". Archived from the original on May 12, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  10. ^ EXPERIMENT INFORMATION - Animal Studies on Spacelab-3 (SL3 1.1) Archived August 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Drexel University Libraries /All". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
  12. ^ "Regenerative Life Support: Water Production". oregonstate.edu. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  13. ^ a b "W. Dempster CV". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Advanced Life Support: Moon". oregonstate.edu. Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Singapore Polytechnic Library". sp.edu.sg. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Paragon Space Development Corporation - Life has no limits". paragonsdc.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  17. ^ "Pubkis". Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  18. ^ Nickerson, C. A.; Ott, C. M.; Mister, S. J.; Morrow, B. J.; Burns-Keliher, L.; Pierson, D. L. (2000). "Microgravity as a Novel Environmental Signal Affecting Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Virulence". Infection and Immunity. 68 (6): 3147–3152. doi:10.1128/iai.68.6.3147-3152.2000. PMC 97548. PMID 10816456.
  19. ^ "29th International Conference on Environmental Systems - Denver". sculptors.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  20. ^ "Science - Publications". Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  21. ^ a b "Dave Akin's Spacecraft Design Reference Library". umd.edu. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  22. ^ 33rd International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES) Archived September 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "IWRACS WRG - Publications". Archived from the original on July 28, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  24. ^ ISS Experiment and Facility Results Publications Archived June 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Chris Adams. "Definition of Human Factors". About.com Home. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  26. ^ "SCB". Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  27. ^ "Claudio Finetto : Turin Area, Italy : Defense & Space". Linkedin.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  28. ^ "40th International Conference on Environmental Systems". www.aiaa.org. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  29. ^ "42nd International Conference on Environmental Systems". Archived from the original on January 29, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  30. ^ "The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics". aiaa.org. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  31. ^ a b c "ICES 2016 Vienna". International Conference on Environmental Systems, Inc. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  32. ^ 49th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES)
  33. ^ 50th International Conference on Environmental Systems POSTPONED until JULY 2021
  34. ^ "Thermal Systems Modeling of Chemical Heat Integrated Power Source (CHIPS) to Survive Lunar Night Environments".
  35. ^ "ICES 2020: 50th International Conference on Environmental Systems". Retrieved 29 July 2020.