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International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
TypeIntergovernmental Organization
PurposeAgricultural research and development
HeadquartersIbadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Region served
ServicesProviding better living for the rural farmers
Official language
Director General
Nteranya Sanginga
Main organ
Board of Trustees

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) is a nonprofit organisation that works with partners to enhance crop quality and productivity, reduce producer and consumer risks, and generate wealth from agriculture, with the ultimate goals of reducing hunger, malnutrition, and poverty.[1] IITA's research-for-development (R4D) focuses on addressing the development needs of tropical countries.[2] The institute was established in 1967 and headquarters located in Ibadan, Nigeria, with several research stations spread across Africa.[2] The organization is governed by a Board of Trustees, supported by several countries and the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).


IITA was established in 1967 in Ibadan, the idea of the institute came from Ford and Rockefeller foundations desire to establish a centre for the improvement in quality of tropical foods.[3] The institute came to existence with the enactment of decree 32. of 1967. Part of the institute's initial goals were to develop a better productive farming system, the selection and breeding of high yielding crop varieties that are resistant to diseases and pest and strengthening agricultural research in the humid and tropic regions. The institute was initially situated on a 1000 hectare land. The institute focused on a cereal improvement program, grain and legumes improvement program, farming systems and root and tuber improvement program. The grain and legume improvement system consisted of soybean, cowpea and tuber program composed of yam and cassava.[4] IITA joined CGIAR in 1971. It later added tree products such as plantain and banana.


See also


  1. ^ Retrieved 2020-12-27. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITA". ProMusa is a project to improve the understanding of banana and to inform discussions on this atypical crop. Retrieved 2020-12-27.
  3. ^ Mohan, R. D. R., International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Symposium on Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa, & Symposium on "Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa". (1992). Sustainable food production in sub-Saharian Africa: [symposium on "Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa", being held at IITA headquarters at Ibadan, Nigeria, in December 1992]. Ibadan: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. P. 2
  4. ^ Coker Onita. (1987). IITA and Massive Production of Food. Spear Focus, Spear Magazine, P. 4-7