International Plant Protection Convention
International Plant Protection Convention Logo.png
Typeagricultural; environmental
Signed6 December 1951
LocationRome, Italy
Effective3 April 1952
Conditionthree ratifications
DepositaryDirector-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization
LanguagesArabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish
Secretary Osama El-Lissy (26 February 2022–)[1][2]

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a 1951 multilateral treaty overseen by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization that aims to secure coordinated, effective action to prevent and to control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products. The Convention extends beyond the protection of cultivated plants to the protection of natural flora and plant products. It also takes into consideration both direct and indirect damage by pests, so it includes weeds.

The Convention created a governing body consisting of each party, known as the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, which oversees the implementation of the convention (see § CPM). As of August 2017, the convention has 183 parties, being 180 United Nations member states and the Cook Islands, Niue, and the European Union.[3] The convention is recognized by the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement) as the only international standard setting body for plant health.


While the IPPC's primary focus is on plants and plant products moving in international trade, the convention also covers research materials, biological control organisms, germplasm banks, containment facilities, food aid, emergency aid and anything else that can act as a vector for the spread of plant pests – for example, containers, packaging materials, soil, vehicles, vessels and machinery.

The IPPC was created by member countries of the Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO). The IPPC places emphasis on three core areas: international standard setting, information exchange and capacity development for the implementation of the IPPC and associated international phytosanitary standards. The Secretariat of the IPPC is housed at FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy, and is responsible for the coordination of core activities under the IPPC work program.

In recent years the Commission of Phytosanitary Measures of the IPPC has developed a strategic framework with the objectives of:

By focusing the convention's efforts on these objectives, the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures of the IPPC intends to:

Regional Plant Protection Organizations

Under the IPPC are Regional Plant Protection Organizations (RPPO). These are intergovernmental organizations responsible for cooperation in plant protection. There are the following organizations recognized by – and working under – the IPPC:[4]

Under the IPPC, the role of an RPPO is to:

International Plant Health Conference

The first annual International Plant Health Conference was organized by the FAO and set to be hosted by the Finnish Government in Helsinki 28 June–July 1, 2021.[5][6] However, on 9 February 2021 it was cancelled due to the ongoing pandemic.[7]

Commission on Phytosanitary Measures

The fifteenth session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) was held 16 March, 18 March and 1 April 2021 virtually over Zoom.[8]


The IPPC created and administers the ePhyto system, the international electronic phytosanitary certificate standard.[9] ePhyto has been very widely adopted – as of January 2023 three million ePhyto certificates have been exchanged between exporting and importing partner states.[10]

See also


  1. ^ "Osama El-Lissy Appointed As New Secretary For International Plant Protection Convention". International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). 8 March 2022. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Osama El Lissy, Former APHIS Deputy Administrator, Named Secretary of the International Plant Protection Convention". APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). 11 March 2022. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Countries List: Countries". International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).
  4. ^ "Regional Plant Protection Organizations". International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  5. ^ "International Plant Health Conference". United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  6. ^ "International Plant Health Conference "Protecting Plant Health in a changing world"". Viikki Plant Science Center, University of Helsinki. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  7. ^ "International Plant Health Conference in Helsinki is cancelled amid continued COVID-19 restrictions". International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). 9 February 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  8. ^ "CPM 15". International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  9. ^ "IPPC ePhyto Solutions". ePhyto. Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome, Italy: International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat (IPPC). 2023. Retrieved 25 January 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  10. ^ International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat (IPPC) (2023). "New milestone reached as three million IPPC ePhyto certificates exchanged". IPPC news. Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome, Italy. Retrieved 25 January 2023.((cite news)): CS1 maint: location (link)