|Sport||Australian rules football|
|Most wins||Victoria (17)|
|Largest victory||Victoria – 131 points (1981)|
|Largest goal scoring||Victoria, South Australia – 315 points (1979)|
Australian rules football matches between teams representing Australian colonies, states and territories have been held since 1879. For most of the 20th century, the absence of a national club competition and international matches meant that football games between state representative teams were regarded with great importance. Football historian John Devaney has argued that: "some of the state of origin contests which took place during the 1980s constituted arguably the finest expositions of the game ever seen".
Until mid-1977, interstate Australian rules football games were played by teams representing the major football leagues or organisations, with players representing the State or Territory they were playing in at the time. From late-1977 to 1999, players were generally selected under State of Origin selection rules and they were chosen mostly from the AFL premiership. Players from the AFL have not taken part in state matches since 2000, with all matches have been between teams representing the second-tier state or territorial leagues.
The matches have mostly been held on a stand-alone basis. However, an Australian Football Carnival, a national championship series, held in either one city or two or three cities, took place between 1908 and 1993, usually at three-year intervals. Teams which have taken part have included Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory and Amateurs. Between 1937 and 1988 the player judged the best at each of these carnivals was awarded the Tassie Medal.
Between 1953 and 1988, the selection of All Australian Teams was based on the player's performance during Australian Football Carnivals, and the team was named after each carnival concluded.
Victoria the birthplace of Australian rules and, with contributing factors such as population and finances, dominated the first hundred years of intercolonial and interstate football. This was the case in the first-ever intercolonial representative match, held on Tuesday, 1 July 1879 (a public holiday), at East Melbourne Cricket Ground. The final score was Victoria (represented by the VFA) 7.14 to South Australia 0.3. The match was attended by more than 10,000 people.
The third and fourth teams to commence intercolonial competition were New South Wales and Queensland, playing each other in a two-game series in Brisbane in 1884; the result of the series was a one-all draw. Tasmania played its first game, against Victoria, in 1887. New Zealand entered the competition with a victory over New South Wales in Sydney, in 1889.
Victoria's long-term dominance briefly faltered in the 1890s, when other Colonies recorded their first-ever wins over the Victoria: South Australia in Adelaide in 1890 and 1891 and Tasmania in Hobart in 1893 (twice). In 1897, the VFL split from the VFA and the two selected separate representative teams, further weakening Victoria in intercolonial competition, which became interstate competition following Federation of the six British colonies in Australia, in 1901.
Western Australia played its first two interstate games in 1904, including a win over South Australia in Adelaide.
The VFL's dominance, at least within Victoria, was established by the time an interstate carnival was held for the first time – in Melbourne in 1908 – to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of "Australasian football" (as it was known at the time). The widening gap between the three major footballing States/leagues and the others was shown in the organisation of the competition: Victoria represented by the (VFL), SA and WA constituted "Section A", and Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland and New Zealand were relegated to "Section B". The VFA did not take part and the carnival was New Zealand's last appearance in representative football. Victoria went through the competition undefeated.
This impression was reiterated by the 1911 Carnival, in Adelaide, which also set the pattern of a carnival every three years. South Australia went undefeated and Victoria won three of their four matches. At the Sydney carnival of 1914, Victoria was once again undefeated. Following the onset of World War I interstate matches went into a five-year hiatus.
During this period interstate matches were held every year, and interstate carnivals were held usually every 3 years, with a few exceptions. In most carnivals, the stronger states competed separately from the minor states; and on many occasions the stronger states and minor states carnivals were held in separate locations or years. At the peak of its popularity, the carnival was known symbolically as "the Ashes" of Australian rules football. Victoria (VFL) continued its dominance in interstate football by winning 15 of the 17 carnivals held during this time, and usually winning the individual matches held every year.
Some notable moments during this period were, the 1923 Victorian loss to South Australia, which was described as the states worst ever defeat. The 1923 South Australian upset loss to an undermanned Tasmania. The championship-deciding game of the 1924 carnival, between Victoria and Western Australia, was reported as being the roughest on record. Also in 1924 South Australia recorded the concepts highest winning score, winning by 268 points to defeat Queensland in Hobart. In the 1925 calendar year the Australian Capital Territory played its first match against New South Wales. In 1923 & 1925 Victoria lost shock upsets to New South Wales. In 1928 Victoria and South Australia participated in the first draw in the concept. The visiting Victorians led for most of the match, with South Australia kicking 3 late goals to give the state the victory. However, after the match it was discovered that Victoria wasn't awarded a behind, and the match was declared a draw.
Interstate competition due world war two ceased in 1939 with Western Australia and Victoria and South Australia in 1941. In the second game between South Australia and Victoria after war, the states participated in the second draw in the concept, in a high scoring affair with the side locked in at 123 to 123 at full time. In 1948 Victoria played Western Australia in the first match since the cease of interstate competition because of the war, for the first time in the 10 years. Feelings in Western Australia were not well toward the Victorians, as the Westerns were not happy that it had taken so long since the end of the war for the state to play Victoria. It was reported in the media as being put down to arrogance. Western Australia went on to win by 38 points, in what was described as a memorable victory. The decade was largely dominated by Victoria.
With the decade once again decisively being controlled by Victoria, saw early rare back to back wins of South Australia over Victoria. The Victoria Football Association, was readmitted back into interstate competition in 1949, with the side recording a shock 8-point win against South Australia, at the 1950 interstate carnival. The league had mixed results while readmitted back, with some wins over some of the main states, and large losses. The body also had a strong rivalry with Tasmania on re-admittance, with a number of close results on both sides. In 1959 Victoria beat Western Australia by 178 points, with the loss in Western Australia being taken so bad, it had been reported as maybe being the end of interstate football in the state. Tasmania finished of the decade strongly, with two surprise carnival upsets over South Australia in 1956 & 1958 and Western Australia in 1958.
In the first half of the 1960s saw a brief changing of the guard, with South Australia and Western Australia recording several wins over Victoria. But following the South Australia & Western Australian victories over Victoria in 1965, Victoria went on a twelve-year winning streak against Western Australia and an 18-year winning streak against South Australia. Some notable upsets of the period were, the 1960 Tasmanian victory over Victoria. The game is considered as one of Tasmanian football's greatest moments. Also the 1963 Tasmanian victory over reigning interstate carnival champions Western Australia. In 1970 after a decade of surprise upsets, and large disappointing defeats, Tasmania recorded a memorable victory over Western Australia. In the lead up to the match, an over confident Western Australian captain Polly Farmer, announced to the media that That his side simply could not countenance anything other than a convincing win, and "If we can't beat Tasmania, we ought to give the game away,. The Tasmanians stormed home in the final moments to win the game by two points. With the game notable, for thousands streaming onto the ground after the final siren.
Neil Kerley and Graham Cornes are of significance in the rivalry between Victoria and South Australia, who played for and coached the South Australia team during this period. Neil Kerley when coaching the South Australian team would inject a hatred for Victoria, telling his players all Victorian umpires cheated, all Victorians would cheat if they got the chance. Graham Cornes who was coached by Kerley for South Australia, has stated his hatred for Victoria came from Neil Kerley. Cornes would go on to coach South Australia, with great successes and was a promoter of the South Australian team. Cornes has stated that the success that South Australia had against Victoria during his coaching reign was all to do with the culture in South Australia of wanting to prove they're better than Victoria.
The 1963 game between Victoria and South Australia at the MCG was also of significance in the rivalry between the two states. Before the game Jack Dyer was asked what he would do if he was coaching Victoria, and said, "I'd give them a Pep Talk and go to the races". Neil Kerley who was playing, was in an interview before the game when this was mentioned. After it was said the interviewer said to Kerley "what do you think of that young Kerley", in which he responded "everyone is entitled to their opinion". Kerley angered by this, as a result told teammates before the game "something is going to happen at the first Bounce" and then put down a Victorian player with a "Hip and Shoulder". Kerley also injured another Victorian in the last quarter which saw him leave the field. It was a drought breaking win for South Australia in Victoria. When the South Australians returned to Adelaide they were greeted with a heroic welcome, with nearly 8,000 people attending in poor weather, with the crowd hurling streamers and letting off fire crackers, with hundreds surging onto the Tarmac.
A notable encounter in the rivalry between Victoria and South Australia was in a game in Adelaide in 1963, when South Australian Brian Sawley, slammed Victorian John Peck to the ground in a tackle and then kicked Peck while on the ground. Which led to Peck knocking out Sawley with a Punch and remaining unconscious for at least a minute.
In the first half of the 1970s there was some important games played in the history of the concept. In 1970 Western Australia played Victorian in Melbourne, with the home side winning by 6 points. The match was notable because of a native born Western Australian player, playing for Victoria, being involved in the winning play. After the match with the result not taken well in the west, because of the observation that this had been a regular occurrence, it was first started being mentioned that games should be played on State of Origin criteria. Likewise in the 1974 game between the states, with the same result occurring, it was reported in the west as being The last straw. After the game Western Australia began to negotiate for games to played under State of Origin criteria.
In 1974 the Northern Territory first participated in the concept, with a win over Queensland.
In 1977 South Australia played Western Australia in Adelaide, with the Southerns celebrating their centenary of football in that year. The South Australians had especially chosen Western Australia for the match, with the state holding a function after the game, to celebrate their centenary hoping they would defeat the westerns, because of their strong record at home against them. The match ended with Western Australia upsetting the Southerns, which is said to have ruined celebrations. Likewise in the 1985 game between the states, the tables were turned, with Western Australia choosing to hold a function after the Western Australia versus South Australia game, because of their equally good record at home against them, who were also celebrating their centenary, with this time South Australia being victorious.
By the 1970s, VFL clubs were signing up an increasing number of the best players from other states and Victoria dominated state games. Led by Leon Larkin, marketing manager of the Subiaco Football Club, the people of Western Australian began to campaign for players to be selected according to state-of-origin rules. The (WAFL) negotiated with the (VFL) for two years before agreement was reached on the format.
In the first such game, at Subiaco Oval in Perth, on 8 October 1977, Western Australia defeated Victoria, 23.13 (151) to 8.9 (57), a huge reversal of the results in most previous games. In the words of football historian John Devaney:
Games involving each of the other states soon followed. Western Australia and South Australia began to win more games against Victoria.
A full interstate carnival under state-of-origin selection was held with success in October 1979 in Perth. A second carnival was held the following October in Adelaide, but were a financial disaster for the organisers, with only 28,245 people attending the four games. Following this series, the VFL decided to not participate in any future carnivals which put the future of the carnival concept in doubt.
During the first half of the 1980s, the concept was reported as being popular. However post 1986, the concept largely died out in Western Australia, with the entrance of Brisbane and West Coast into the expanded Victorian Football League in 1987. When the 1988 Adelaide Bicentennial Carnival ran at a loss, the concept was considered near finished. However, in 1989, with a record crowd of 91,960 in Melbourne, the concept made a strong turn around and regained some of the footing it had lost the previous year.
During the 1990s, following the further expansion of the Australian Football League, with the entrance of Adelaide, Fremantle and Port Adelaide into the competition in 1991 and 1995 and 1997 respectively, the concept was almost though to be almost finished. To renew interest, the Australian Football League creates a new team called Allies, a combined team featuring players from Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland and Tasmania, to compete against South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. However, state of origin games declined in importance with the belief that the national club premiership was more important, prioritizing club games, and players withdrawing from games due to risk of injury.
No official State of Origin matches were held between 2000 and 2007. In 2008, the concept made a return to celebrate 150 years of Australian football. And in spite of lobbying for three or more games, involving at least six different teams or even an interstate carnival, one all-star game was played in 2008. The sides competing were Victoria and Dream Team, which was a composite team representing the rest of Australia and various other countries.
In light of the devastating 2019–20 Australian bushfire season, the AFL announced a bushfire benefit match between Victoria and All-Stars, which was a composite team of footballers from the remainder of Australia and several other countries, to raise funds for bushfire relief, along with a $2.5 million donation from the AFL, clubs and players. The match took place on 28 February 2020 at Marvel Stadium, with Victoria winning by 46 points.
At its peak, interstate matches were among the most important events on the annual football calendar in South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The crowds drawn to interstate matches in those states regularly dwarfed home-and-away crowds, and at times throughout history would match or exceed grand final attendances. In Perth, interstate matches at the 1921 carnival, during the 1929 season, and at the 1937 carnival successively set records as Western Australia's highest-ever sports crowd; the crowd of 40,000 drawn to that 1937 match was more than 10,000 higher than any previous Western Australian crowd and almost double the record club grand final crowd at that time. Likewise in Tasmania, carnival fixtures in 1924, 1947 and 1966 each set new Tasmanian state football attendance records, and the 1966 carnival crowd of 23,764 remains the third-highest football attendance in Tasmania's history. State of Origin matches in the 1980s in South Australia and Western Australia regularly drew crowds between 30,000 and 50,000, on par with grand finals in those states during that era; and interstate matches in Tasmania consistently drew crowds which either exceeded or were second only to the Tasmanian league's grand final attendances.
Interstate football was less popular in Victoria than it was in the other states. With the 1980s being the most popular period for the concept, a match in Victoria in 1989 against South Australia set the national interstate football record crowd of 91,960, with 10,000 people turned away at the gate. Other large crowds at interstate games in Victoria were between 60,000 and 70,000, on par with some large home-and-away games but lower than a typical finals attendance. At its lowest, interstate games in Victoria during the 1930s could sometimes fail to draw 10,000 spectators – less than the average home-and-away crowd – at a time when state record crowds were drawn to the matches elsewhere. Eventually, due to these lower levels of public interest, less interstate football came to be played in Victoria: and for the majority of the 1980s, when State of Origin football was at its peak, the Victorian team did not play a single match at home. The primary reason for the difference in popularity between Victoria and the other states was the Victorian team's historical dominance in interstate football. Particularly during the pre-State of Origin era, the Victorian team was always expected to win and regularly won easily; therefore, Victorian spectators were disinclined to attend matches because there was little pride on offer for victory and a high chance of a one-sided contest. The record crowd of 91,960 in Melbourne in 1989 came after South Australia had beaten Victoria three years in a row, demonstrating that Victorian fans were willing to embrace interstate football when the rivalry and contests were closely fought. Additionally, differences in supporter culture between the states meant that club football and club parochialism had much greater importance in Victoria than in the other states.
Amongst the competing states, the rivalry with Victoria was the strongest. Victoria's long-term dominance of interstate football created a culture of disdain towards it and, as a result, the most popular games always involved Victoria and beating Victoria was considered the pinnacle of interstate football in South Australia and Western Australia. South Australia's rivalry towards Victoria was characterised during the 1980s with the slogan "Kick a Vic".
Players from all states, including Victoria, viewed selection and participation in interstate football with great importance. Ted Whitten, who was widely noted for his involvement in and passion for the Victorian team described how "the players would walk on broken glass to wear the Victorian jumper". Graham Cornes, well known for his involvement in the South Australian team, always spoke equally proudly of the experience of representing his state. John Platten, a highly decorated player, described a drought-breaking victory playing for South Australia, over Victoria, as one of his proudest football moments. Comments from other players included:
The State of Origin eligibility rules varied from game to game, and matches during the 1980s were sometimes played under partial, rather than full, State of Origin rules. This was in large part so that neutral leagues were not disrupted by a stand-alone game between two other states; e.g. VFL clubs would not lose access to interstate origin players on the weekend of a game between South Australia and Western Australia. For example, in the stand-alone 1982 match between South Australia and Victoria, a quota of up to six VFL players of South Australian origin, and no more than one from any VFL club, could play for South Australia; but otherwise, all SANFL and VFL players were eligible to play for South Australia and Victoria respectively – indeed Victoria fielded five VFL players of Western Australian origin in that match, including their captain, Mike Fitzpatrick. Jason Dunstall and Terry Daniher, who were born in and recruited from Queensland and New South Wales respectively, both played several partial-origin matches for Victoria; and in a partial-origin match against Victoria in 1990. New South Wales was allowed to be represented by players of New South Welsh origin and any player who had played for the Sydney Swans and Queensland was allowed to be represented by players of Queensland origin and any player who had played for the Brisbane Bears/Lions.
Roger Merrett has played for and captained both Victoria (1984) and Queensland (1991).
Greg Champion wrote a song, "Don't Let The Big V Down", about the traditional navy blue jumper with a large white "V" used to represent Victoria in state games. The song is about a young man who is about to play his first state game and is approached by another man who tells him to not let the Big V down.
Champion also wrote another song, "Came From Adelaide", about two people watching a game between South Australia and Victoria. One of them turns to the other and says that the Croweaters cannot play. The other replies that this is not true and that the South Australians are great.
|All Stars (Men)|
|Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)|
|Dream Team (Men)|
|New South Wales (Men & Women)|
|New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)|
|New Zealand (Men & Women)|
|Northern Territory (Men & Women)|
|Queensland (Men & Women)|
|Queensland/Northern Territory (Men & Women)|
|South Australia (Men & Women)|
|Tasmania (Men & Women)|
|Victoria (VFL) (Men)|
|Victoria (VFA) (Men)|
|Western Australia (Men & Women)|
|Allies (Men)||Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania|
|Allies (Women)||Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia|
|All Stars (Men)||Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia|
|Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)||Australian Capital Territory|
|Dream Team (Men)||Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia|
|New South Wales (Men & Women)||New South Wales|
|New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)||Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales|
|New Zealand (Men & Women)||New Zealand|
|Northern Territory (Men & Women)||Northern Territory|
|Queensland (Men & Women)||Queensland|
|Queensland/Northern Territory (Men & Women)||Northern Territory, Queensland|
|South Australia (Men & Women)||South Australia|
|Tasmania (Men & Women)||Tasmania|
|Victoria (VFL) (Men)||Victoria|
|Victoria (VFA) (Men)||Victoria|
|Western Australia (Men & Women)||Western Australia|
|State/Territory/Representative Team||First Game||Last Game|
|All Stars (Men)||2020||2020|
|Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)||1925||1988|
|Dream Team (Men)||2008||2008|
|Indigenous (Men & Women)||1983|
|New South Wales (Men & Women)||1881||1992|
|New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)||1993||1993|
|New Zealand (Men & Women)||1889|
|Northern Territory (Men & Women)||1988||1988|
|Queensland (Men & Women)||1884||1992|
|Queensland/Northern Territory (Men & Women)||1993||1993|
|South Australia (Men & Women)||1879||1999|
|Tasmania (Men & Women)||1887||1993|
|Victoria (VFL) (Men & Women)||1897||2020|
|Western Australia (Men & Women)||1904||1998|
|State/Territory/Representative Team||Award Winner(s)|
|Allies (Men)||Alex Jesaulenko Medal|
|All Stars (Men)|
|Australian Capital Territory|
|Indigenous (Men & Women)|
|New South Wales (Men & Women)|
|New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory (Men & Women)|
|New Zealand (Men & Women)|
|Northern Territory (Men & Women)|
|Queensland (Men & Women)|
|Queensland/Northern Territory (Men & Women)|
|South Australia (Men & Women)||Fos Williams Medal|
|Tasmania (Men & Women)||Lefroy Medal|
|Victoria (VFL) (Men & Women)||E. J. Whitten Medal|
|Western Australia (Men & Women)||Simpson Medal (1948–1991), Graham Moss Medal (1995–1998)|
The rivalry between Victoria and South Australia was considered the strongest in state football. Although there is a bitter rivalry on both sides, the make up of the rivalry is slightly different: for Victoria, being the most successful state in interstate football, it meant that protecting that reputation was of prominent importance; for South Australia, the rivalry stemmed from dislike, and the feeling that Victorians did not give the state the respect it deserved. Graham Cornes, who was heavily involved in South Australian state football, described the football culture in Victoria as insular having a lack of regard for football outside their state, which drove that feeling.
Many footballers described beating Victoria as one of the top achievements in South Australian football. Neil Kerley ranked beating Victoria above his club premierships. Victorian footballers have commented on the passion and hatred directed towards them in interstate games played in Adelaide. Garry Lyon described the fans as "hostile and maniacal", and "by the time the games came around they were whipped into a frenzy". Paul Roos commented about the first state game he played in South Australia that "when walking up the entrance and onto Football Park was an experience in itself. I quickly realised how much hatred existed towards Victorians and their football."
There is also a rivalry between Victoria and Western Australia. Western Australia's rivalry likewise stemmed from the feeling in Western Australia that Victoria never gave their state the credit it deserved, despite some of the best players of all time coming from the state. Some games widely regarded as some of the best in the history of Australian football were played between Victoria and Western Australia in the 1980s. Shane Parker a former Western Australia player, said of the rivalry "When I was a kid, the State of Origin games were the greatest ever. It was a really big thing to see the WA side play, particularly against Victoria".
There was also an intense rivalry between Western Australia and South Australia, with fans at games between the states always vociferous and parochial.
The two states where rugby football is most popular have a rivalry in rugby and this is reflected also in their Australian rules encounters, having been evenly matched since they first met in the 1880s. While Queensland has shied away from competing in carnivals that include the stronger states, the neighbouring states have played at times annually. The gap narrowed until the 1970s after which on the few ocassions they have met, Queensland has once again had the upper hand. State of Origin matches between the two in the 1980s were promoted to capitalise on the popularity of the Rugby League State of Origin.
For most of the 20th century there was a national football carnival usually held every three to five years. Some of the carnivals the format consisted of qualification matches at the start of the tournament, with the winners playing off in a final. In some other carnivals the format was a round-robin format, with a points system in which the team with most points at the end of the tournament was declared the winner.
|Year||Format||Name||Location/s||Section A Winner||Section B Winner||Tassie Medallist/s|
|1908||Interstate||Jubilee Australasian Football Carnival||Melbourne||Victoria||Tasmania||–|
|1911||Interstate||Australasian Football Carnival||Adelaide||South Australia||–||–|
|1914||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Sydney||Victoria||–||–|
|1921||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Perth||Western Australia||–||–|
|1924||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Hobart||Victoria||–||–|
|1927||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Melbourne||Victoria||–||–|
|1930||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Adelaide||Victoria||–||–|
|1933||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Sydney||Victoria||–||–|
|1937||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Perth||Victoria||–||Mick Cronin (WA)|
|1947||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Hobart||Victoria||Tasmania||Les McClements (WA) & Bob Furler (ACT)|
|1950||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Brisbane||Victoria (VFL)||Amateurs||Terry Cashion (Tas)|
|1953||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Adelaide||Victoria (VFL)||–||Merv McIntosh (WA)|
|1956||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Perth||Victoria (VFL)||–||Graham Farmer (WA)|
|1958||Interstate||Centenary Carnival||Melbourne||Victoria (VFL)||Amateurs||Allen Aylett (Vic) & Ted Whitten (Vic)|
|1960||Interstate||Minor States Carnival||Canberra/Sydney||–||Victoria (VFA)||–|
|1961||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Brisbane||Western Australia||–||Brian Dixon (VFL)|
|1966||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Hobart||Victoria (VFL)||–||Barry Cable (WA)|
|1968||Interstate||Minor States Carnival||Canberra||–||Amateurs||–|
|1969||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Adelaide||Victoria (VFL)||–||Peter Eakins (WA) & Graham Molloy (SA)|
|1972||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Perth||Victoria (VFL)||–||Ken McAullay (WA)|
|1974||Interstate||ANFC Division 2 Championship||Sydney||–||Queensland||–|
|1975||Interstate||Australian National Football Carnival||Adelaide/Melbourne||Victoria (VFL)||–||–|
|1979||State of Origin||State of Origin Carnival||Perth||Western Australia||Queensland||Brian Peake (WA)|
|1980||State of Origin||State of Origin Carnival||Adelaide||Victoria||–||Graham Cornes (SA)|
|1983||State of Origin||Australian Football Championships||Adelaide/Perth||Western Australia||–|
|1984||State of Origin||Australian Football Championships||Adelaide/Perth||Western Australia||–|
|1985||State of Origin||Australian Football Championships||Adelaide/Perth||Victoria||–|
|1986||State of Origin||Australian Football Championships||Adelaide/Perth||South Australia||–|
|1987||State of Origin||Australian Football Championships||Adelaide/Perth||Western Australia||–|
|1988||State of Origin||Bicentennial Carnival||Adelaide||South Australia||Northern Territory||Paul Salmon (VIC)|
|1993||State of Origin||State of Origin Championships||Adelaide/Hobart/Melbourne||South Australia||Qld/NT||–|
Non-State of Origin games are marked with a *
The team('s) name(s) in bold indicates the winning team(s)
Key - 1979 Perth State of Origin Carnival:
Key - 1980 Adelaide State of Origin Carnival:
Note - 1980: Double-headers on the 11th of October and on the 13 of October respectively.
Note - 1985: The match between South Australia and Victoria was awarded to South Australia on protest, as a result of Victoria playing with 4 interchange players instead of the permitted 3 interchange players..
Key - 1988 Adelaide Bicentennial Carnival:
Key - 1993 State of Origin Championships:
After the success of the inaugural AFL Women's season the AFL announced in mid-July that a State of Origin representative match would be held for AFL Women's players during the AFL season pre-finals bye. A team of players born in Victoria played a single exhibition match against Allies (a team of players from the rest of Australia) at Etihad Stadium on the evening of Saturday 2 September.
|AFLW State of Origin|
|Saturday, 2 September (7:40 pm)||Victoria||def.||Allies||Etihad Stadium (crowd: 9,400)||Report|
|Umpires: Bryce, Cheever, Rodger|
Best on ground: Daisy Pearce
Television broadcast: Network Seven, Fox Footy
|Super goals: Nil
Garner 5, Blackburn 3, Ashmore 2, Eva, Lambert, Paxman, Kearney, Pearce, D'Arcy, Hope
|Goals||Super goals: Nil|
|Pearce, Paxman, Donnellan, Garner, Eva, Kearney, Blackburn||Best||King, Bates, Antonio, Brennan, Marinoff|
|Lambert (hip)||Injuries||Harris (knee), Zielke (ribs), Randall (thigh), Bentley (knee)|
|AFL Hall of Fame Tribute Match|
|Saturday, 10 May 2008 7:40 pm||Victoria||def.||Dream Team||MCG (crowd: 69,294)|
|Umpires: Vozzo, Kennedy, Rosebury, McInerney|
Allen Aylett Medal: Brendan Fevola (Victoria)
J Brown, Johnson, Harvey 3
O'Keefe, Murphy, C Brown, Chapman, Bradshaw, Foley 1
|Goals||Franklin 4 |
Motlop, Burton, Goodwin 2
Richardson, Kirk, S Burgoyne, Mooney, Stokes 1
|Fevola, Foley, Pendlebury, Goodes, Harvey||Best||P Burgoyne, McLeod, S Burgoyne, Johncock|
|Fraser (knee)||Injuries||Kerr (lower leg)|
|State of Origin for Bushfire Relief Match|
|Friday, 28 February 2020 (7:50 pm)||Victoria||def.||All-Stars||Marvel Stadium|
With the advent of interstate teams into the expanding VFL and its eventual re-badging and change to a national league in 1990, the state leagues would undertake steps to ensure that representative football would not be reserved solely for those players in the Australian Football League. State League Representative matches would allow those players participating in competitions that would be, in later years, categorised as second-tier leagues, to be selected for interstate duties. While State of Origin would continue for several more years with pre-dominantly AFL-listed players, this format would for many players, become the pinnacle of their football careers outside of playing in a premiership. For the most part during the ensuing years between the inception of State League and the end of Origin, it was the South Australian and Western Australian leagues championing the concept with the two leagues facing off many times. The other state leagues did take part in the concept, but on a far more limited basis. The Queensland, ACT and Tasmanian competitions featured on several occasions, the New South Wales league made scattered appearances while the Northern Territory was far less featured on the interstate stage mainly due to their domestic league being played in a different part of the year. Meetings between those competitions and the SANFL or WAFL were a rare occurrence.
The Victorian Football Association eventually made some appearances of their own at state league level from 1994, but also did not have games against South Australia or Western Australia for a few years. Eventually, after a restructure of that competition in 1996 which saw them adopt the name of the VFL, they faced the SANFL on the MCG in the curtain raiser to what would be the swansong of State of Origin football in 1999. From this day onwards, interstate football would become the domain of the leagues that underpin the AFL. In the years following, the participation of the "non-traditional" football states was not as high as that of South Australia, Western Australia and Victoria. Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory continued to play a part, while Tasmania's football system was split in half between north and south, as well as the state team being replaced by a club—Tasmanian Devils—which entered the VFL in 2001. The "Big 3" in the SANFL, WAFL and VFL entered into an agreement in 2003 to adopt a program where they would play each other in a rotational system over three years, which saw one state either sit out interstate football for one season or require that league to find alternative opposition.
Towards the end of the 2000s, the AFL by this time had control of the football administrations across the eastern states and the Northern Territory. Tasmania withdrew from the VFL and relaunched the statewide Tasmanian State League competition in 2009, then in 2011 the AFL created the North East Australian Football League out of established state league teams from New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Queensland and the Northern Territory as well as reserves sides from the four AFL clubs in those regions. With this, the representative football calendar would virtually encompass all of Australia. At first the NEAFL's conference system would allow two representative sides with Queensland and the Northern Territory making up the Northern conference team and the New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory combination forming the Eastern conference side. A couple of years later, the NEAFL would be represented by a single team. How this arrangement fits into the individual state league schedules is still being worked on, but it has largely not disrupted the existing arrangements undertaken by the traditional football states. In fact, what would normally have been a "bye" year for the SANFL, WAFL or VFL allows them to instead play the NEAFL or the TSL.
Under this arrangement, the leagues of New South Wales (AFL Sydney), the Australian Capitol Territory (AFL Canberra) and Queensland (QAFL) were practically relegated to third-tier status behind the NEAFL and, as a result, any representative matches involving opposition outside of these territories have involved amateur-level leagues.
The state league representative matches, like State of Origin matches, also have individual best on ground medals:
|1991 Football Season|
|11 June 1991||WAFL 17.20. (122)||def.||SANFL 11.12 (78)||Subiaco Oval (crowd: 20,011)|||
|Bye: VIC: VFA, NT: NTFL, QLD: QFL, NSW: NSWFL, TAS: TFL, ACT: ACTFL.|
Bold text indicates the home team.
|1991||WAFL17.20 (122) def. SANFL 11.12 (78)||subiaco Oval|
|1992||SANFL 9.18 (72) def. WAFL 9.12 (66)||Football Park|
|1993||WAFL 15.20 (110) def. SANFL 13.8 (86)||WACA Ground|
|TFL 11.8 (74) def. QFL 9.10 (64)||Bellerive Oval|
|1994||NTFL 15.13(103) def. VFA 12.8 (80)||Melbourne|
|WAFL 10.14 (74) def. SANFL 7.18 (60)||Football Park|
|QFL 18.18 (126) def. TFL 10.10 (70)||Brisbane|
|1995||NTFL 11.11 (77) def. ACTFL 9.16 (70)||Canberra|
|TFL 14.15 (99) def. SANFL 12.12 (84)||North Hobart Oval|
|WAFL 14.14 (98) def. QFL 8.17 (65)||Brisbane|
|VFA 16.15 (111) def. NSWFL 2.7 (19)||Melbourne|
|1996||VFL 15.18 (108) def. TFL 13.8 (86)||Melbourne|
|SANFL 15.20 (110) def. WAFL 6.9 (45)||Subiaco Oval|
|1997||SANFL 13.17 (95) def. ACTFL 8.5 (53)||Canberra|
|VFL 11.25 (91) def. ACTFL 10.6 (66)||Canberra|
|TFL 19.6 (120) def. WAFL 10.13 (73)||North Hobart Oval|
|1998||SANFL 17.13 (115) def. WAFL 10.10 (70)||Football Park|
|TFL 13.10 (88) def. VFL 6.17 (53)||North Hobart Oval|
|1999||SANFL 12.11 (83) def. VFL 8.11 (59)||MCG|
|ACTFL 9.11 (65) def. NSWFL 9.6 (60)||Sydney|
|WAFL 20.12 (132) def. TFL 10.14 (74)||Kalgoorlie|
|2000||SANFL 15.17 (107) def. WAFL 8.17 (65)||Adelaide Oval|
|2001||SANFL 20.14 (134) def. VFL 14.12 (96)||Adelaide Oval|
|2002||VFL 18.17 (125) def. SANFL 10.9 (69)||Adelaide Oval|
|WAFL 24.15 (159) def. QFL 6.12 (48)||Fremantle Oval|
|2003||SANFL 17.16 (118) def. WAFL 8.10 (58)||Fremantle Oval|
|QFL 10.9 (69) def. ACTFL 5.13 (43)||Brisbane Cricket Ground|
|2004||VFL 10.9 (69) def. WAFL 8.10 (58)||Leederville Oval|
|QFL 10.11 (71) def. ACTFL 8.9 (57)||Manuka Oval|
|2005||SANFL 20.8 (128) def. VFL 18.16 (124)||TEAC Oval|
|WAFL 18.21 (129) def. QFL 11.5 (71)||Carrara Oval|
|QFL 18.14 (122) def. ACTFL 12.12 (84)||Brisbane Cricket Ground|
|2006||SANFL 14.14 (98) def. WAFL 12.9 (81)||Adelaide Oval|
|2007||VFL 25.11 (161) def. WAFL 5.12 (42)||TEAC Oval|
|ACTFL 16.11 (107) def. NSWFL 14.9 (93)||Manuka Oval|
|QFL 13.7 (85) def. TAS 10.14 (74)||York Park|
|2008||SANFL 25.11 (161) def. VFL 14.12 (96)||Adelaide Oval|
|WAFL 24.20 (164) def. QFL 14.7 (91)||Tony Ireland Stadium|
|2009||WAFL 12.10 (82) def. SANFL 12.9 (81)||Leederville Oval|
|TFL 20.9 (129) def. QFL 11.14 (80)||Bellerive Oval|
|2010||VFL 20.11 (131) def. WAFL 11.11 (77)||Leederville Oval|
|QFL 23.26 (164) def. TFL 13.7 (85)||Fankhauser Reserve|
|2011||WAFL 16.17 (113) def. NEAFL North 16.11 (107)||Rushton Park|
|2012||SANFL 15.11 (101) def. WAFL 13.9 (87)||Glenelg Oval|
|VFL 20.17 (137) def. TFL 3.11 (29)||Bellerive Oval|
|NEAFL North 31.15 (201) def. NEAFL East 8.8 (56)||Fankhauser Reserve|
|2013||SANFL 21.14 (140) def. NEAFL North 9.4 (58)||Richmond Oval|
|WAFL 17.16 (118) def. VFL 15.11 (101)||Jubilee Oval|
|TFL 15.11 (101) def. NEAFL East 8.13 (61)||Skoda Stadium|
|2014||WAFL 19.18 (132) def. NEAFL 6.11 (47)||Blacktown ISP Oval|
|SANFL 18.10 (118) def. VFL 14.12 (96)||North Port Oval|
|TFL 18.12 (120) def. NEAFL 11.13 (79)||Bellerive Oval|
|2015||WAFL 18.13 (121) def. SANFL 11.10 (76)||Lathlain Park|
|NEAFL 11.11 (77) def. TFL 8.9 (57)||Moreton Bay Central Sports Complex|
|2016||SANFL 16.10 (106) def. VFL 13.9 (87)||Adelaide Oval|
|WAFL 25.14 (164) def. TFL 4.6 (30)||Bassendean Oval|
|2017||WAFL 20.14 (134) def. VFL 10.11 (71)||North Port Oval|
|NEAFL 8.7 (55) def. TFL 5.8 (38)||Blundstone Arena|
|2018||WAFL 15.12 (102) def. SANFL 11.10 (76)||Adelaide Oval|
Main article: E. J. Whitten Legends Game
Following the death of Ted Whitten – who is regarded as one of the finest ever players of Australian rules – from prostate cancer in 1995, his son Ted Whitten Jr organised an interstate charity match between teams of retired players, to raise money for research into the disease. The only two teams which have taken part in these games are Victoria and the All Stars (similar to the AFL's "Allies"), who represent the rest of Australia. The first E. J. Whitten Legends Game was played at Whitten Oval in 1996, and it has become an annual event. The games have often attracted crowds of over 10,000, and this has resulted in it being moved from the Whitten Oval to Optus Oval, to Adelaide Oval (South Australia) and finally to Etihad Stadium.
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)