Inverness

Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis[1]
National Rail
Inverness Station 2.jpg
Inverness railway station
General information
LocationInverness, Highland
Scotland
Coordinates57°28′48″N 4°13′23″W / 57.4800°N 4.2230°W / 57.4800; -4.2230Coordinates: 57°28′48″N 4°13′23″W / 57.4800°N 4.2230°W / 57.4800; -4.2230
Grid referenceNH667454
Owned byNetwork Rail
Managed byScotRail
Platforms7
Other information
Station codeINV
History
Original companyInverness and Nairn Railway
Pre-groupingHighland Railway
Post-groupingLMS
Key dates
5 November 1855Opened
Passengers
2016/17Decrease 1.259 million
 Interchange Decrease 61,978
2017/18Decrease 1.239 million
 Interchange Decrease 59,821
2018/19Increase 1.243 million
 Interchange Increase 61,433
2019/20Decrease 1.214 million
 Interchange Decrease 59,217
2020/21Decrease 0.232 million
 Interchange Decrease 9,422
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Inverness railway station is the railway station serving the Scottish city of Inverness. It is the terminus of the Highland Main Line, the Aberdeen–Inverness line (of which the Inverness and Nairn Railway is now a part), the Kyle of Lochalsh line and the Far North Line.

The Aberdeen and Perth lines diverge at Millburn Junction a short distance beyond Welsh's Bridge. Platforms 1–4 are 118 mileschains (190.0 km) from Perth (measured via Carrbridge); Millburn Junction, 117 miles 37 chains (189.0 km) from Perth, is also 143 miles 39 chains (230.9 km) from Perth (measured via Dava). The station is the zero point for the Far North Line, and platforms 5–7 are 2 chains (40 m) along this line; Rose Street Junction, 18 chains (360 m) along the Far North Line, is 118 miles 1 chain (189.9 km) from Perth.[2][3]

History

Inverness railway panorama in 1948
Inverness railway panorama in 1948

Inverness station was opened on 5 November 1855[4] as the western terminus of the Inverness and Nairn Railway[5] to designs by the architect, Joseph Mitchell.[6] The station originally comprised a single covered passenger platform 200 feet (61 m) with three lines of rails, one for arrivals, one for departures and a spare line for carriages.

In 1857 the railway company erected a clock in front of the station facing Academy Street. This clock by Bryson & Sons, Princes Street, Edinburgh, was illuminated at night.[7]

In 1865 the station was enlarged. The platform was lengthened to 300 feet (91 m) and a shed added which was 300 feet (91 m) long, 51 feet (16 m) wide and 20 feet (6.1 m) high. There were double lines for north and south traffic.[8]

The platforms were extended again to 500 feet (150 m) and the platform roofs were extended in 1876 by Murdoch Paterson. The station platforms were lit by electricity for the first time in 1908.[9]

The station layout in 1902
The station layout in 1902

In 1933, as part of an internal reorganization, the London and North Eastern Railway closed their offices at the station and the staff relocated to Aberdeen.[10]

Between 1966 and 1968 under British Rail the station buildings were replaced, the new design by Thomas Munro and Company.

A revamp by Mott Macdonald of the station's frontage, forecourt and concourse was planned to be completed by 2018.[11] However this was delayed. The nearby Royal Highland Hotel refused to give up their lease of parking spaces in front of the station.[12]

Stationmasters

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2017)

Signalling

Signalling for the entire area is controlled from a panel box near the station built in 1988. This supervises the station area & approaches and also houses the Radio Electronic Token Block (RETB) control desk that monitors the full length of the Kyle & Far North lines. RETB was installed by British Rail.

Location

The station is located between three roads in the city centre - Falcon Square, Academy Street and Strothers Lane. It is a 2 minute walk from the Eastgate Shopping Centre, and approximately 8 minutes from Inverness Castle and the Museum & Art Gallery. A taxi rank is located on the corner of Academy Street and Falcon Square.[17]

Facilities

Platform destination LED screens are installed, along with a main departures and arrivals information board. Each of Platforms 1-7 has its own screen showing departures from that platform. Screens are also present behind the wall for all platforms from 3–6. In addition, several other screens are also visible for general information. The main concourse is equipped with a ticket office and ticket machines, a barber shop, a bar, a cafe, toilets, a waiting room, a lost property office, a vending machine, a cash machine, payphones and help points. The station has 3 car parks and all of the station has step-free access.[18]

Platform layout

The main circulation area
The main circulation area
Inverness approaches
Inverness station
Ness Viaduct over River Ness
Platforms 6 & 7
Rose Street Junction
Platform 5
Inverness TMD
on both sides of line
Platforms 1 to 4
Welsh's Bridge Junction
Millburn Junction

Inverness is owned by Network Rail. However, it is operated by ScotRail who run most of the services using the station. Caledonian Sleeper and London North Eastern Railway run the only non-ScotRail services.

The station itself sits at one apex of a triangular junction in the centre of Inverness, with each half of the station connected to one line. The Highland Main and Aberdeen Lines both approach the station from the east and use Platforms 1–4, while the Far North Line (which also carries traffic heading for the Kyle Line) approach from the north-west and use Platforms 5–7. Platform 5 also has a connection from the east side, but it is only usable by a two car train, and even then, it must not be in passenger service and movements from Platform 5 to the east line are not allowed. Platform 1 is long enough for a 13-coach train; platform 2 can hold 15 coaches; platforms 3 and 4, eight each; and platforms 5–7 will accommodate five coaches each.[19]

Passenger volume

Passenger Volume at Inverness[20]
  2002-03 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Entries and exits 721,358 822,928 873,011 915,840 975,570 1,043,712 1,070,924 1,127,718 1,180,160 1,213,382 1,282,445 1,303,662 1,306,556 1,259,496 1,238,770 1,243,338 1,214,648 231,894
Interchanges N/A 47,630 46,946 48,316 38,118 45,242 58,743 60,693 74,315 78,009 80,342 72,055 64,364 61,948 59,821 61,433 59,127 9,422

The statistics cover twelve month periods that start in April.

Future proposals

In early 2020, a massive reconstruction project was announced, which included the neighbouring Sports Direct and TK Maxx stores being purchased as well as the former Royal Mail sorting office and car park. It is part of a plan to majorly reduce CO2 emissions in the City Centre, with this, the ability to have electric trains running to the station suggested electrification of lines north of the central belt. It was also announced that it would have fuelling for hydrogen vehicles as well as e-bike stations.[21]

In the future,[when?] this station will be one of those to benefit from a package of timetable enhancements to be introduced by Transport Scotland and Scotrail. The current Perth to Inverness timetable will be increased to hourly each way, with trains south of there running on alternate hours to Edinburgh & Glasgow. Journey times will be reduced by 10 minutes to both cities. The service to Nairn, Forres & Elgin will also be enhanced to hourly and some Aberdeen trains extended through to Dundee and beyond.[22] As of May 2022, this has still not yet taken place.[23]

Services

Rail

As of April 2022, Inverness has the following Monday–Saturday services:[23]

On Sundays a reduced service operates on all routes, this being:

Preceding station
National Rail
National Rail
Following station
Aviemore or
Carrbridge (Sunday southbound only)
  London North Eastern Railway
London–Inverness
(Highland Chieftain)
  Terminus
Carrbridge or
Aviemore
  ScotRail
Highland Main Line
  Terminus
Nairn   ScotRail
Aberdeen–Inverness line
  Terminus
Beauly or
Muir of Ord
  ScotRail
Far North Line
Kyle of Lochalsh line
  Terminus
Aviemore   Caledonian Sleeper
Highland Caledonian Sleeper
  Terminus
  Historical railways  
Culloden Moor
Line open; station closed
  Highland Railway
Inverness and Aviemore Direct Railway
  Terminus
Allanfearn
Line open; station closed
  Highland Railway
Inverness and Nairn Railway
  Terminus
Clachnaharry
Line open; station closed
  Highland Railway
Inverness and Ross-shire Railway
  Terminus

Connections

The main coach and bus station is located in Margaret Street, 150 m northwest of and just around the corner from the railway station. Many services can also be joined at the stop on Millburn Road outside Marks and Spencer, closer to the station.[17]

Aside from local buses, there are also long-distance coach services which allow rail passengers to continue their journey to areas of the Highlands not on the rail network:

Stagecoach North Scotland route 11 runs every 30 minutes between Inverness city centre and Inverness Airport. The bus leaves from Strothers Lane, just around the corner from the station. Journey time to the airport is 25 minutes.

References

  1. ^ Brailsford 2017, Gaelic/English Station Index.
  2. ^ Bridge, Mike, ed. (2017). TRACKatlas of Mainland Britain: A Comprehensive Geographic Atlas Showing the Rail Network of Great Britain (3rd ed.). Sheffield: Platform 5 Publishing Ltd. p. 99. ISBN 978-1909431-26-3.
  3. ^ Jacobs, Gerald (2001). Railway Track Diagrams, Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man. Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. pp. 18D.
  4. ^ Butt (1995)
  5. ^ "Opening of the Inverness and Nairn Railway". Inverness Courier. Scotland. 8 November 1855. Retrieved 31 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ The Buildings of Scotland, Highland and Islands. John Gifford. Yale University Press. 1992. ISBN 0-300-09625-9
  7. ^ "Inverness Railway Station". Nairnshire Telegraph and General Advertiser for the Northern Counties. Scotland. 22 April 1857. Retrieved 31 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "Inverness Railway Station Extensions and Improvements". Inverness Courier. Scotland. 8 June 1865. Retrieved 31 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "Improvements on Highland Line". DundeeCourier. Scotland. 24 March 1908. Retrieved 31 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Inverness Railway Station Changes". The Scotsman. Scotland. 6 June 1933. Retrieved 31 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Design team for Inverness Station revamp". BBC News. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Railway station revamp delayed". Inverness Courier. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  13. ^ "Retirement of Inverness stationmaster". Dundee Advertiser. Scotland. 10 June 1898. Retrieved 30 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ "Appointment of Inverness stationmaster". Aberdeen Press and Journal. Scotland. 7 July 1898. Retrieved 30 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. ^ "New Stationmaster for Inverness". Dundee Evening Telegraph. Scotland. 11 September 1919. Retrieved 30 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. ^ "Larbert Stationmaster for Inverness". Falkirk Herald. Scotland. 4 July 1942. Retrieved 30 August 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ a b "National Rail Enquiries - Inverness station onward travel information" (PDF). National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 9 April 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "National Rail Enquiries -". www.nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  19. ^ Brailsford 2017, map 18B.
  20. ^ "Estimates of station usage | ORR Data Portal". dataportal.orr.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  21. ^ "Inverness set for road and rail revolution". Inverness Courier. 6 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  22. ^ "‘Rail revolution’ means 200 more services and 20,000 more seats for Scots passengers" Archived 2016-08-20 at the Wayback Machine Transport Scotland press release 15 March 2016; Retrieved 18 August 2016
  23. ^ a b eNRT May 2022 Edition, Tables 213, 214, 219, 220

Bibliography