Investigations Police of Chile
Policía de Investigaciones de Chile
Policia de Investigaciones de Chile.svg
AbbreviationPDI
MottoHonor, Disciplina y Lealtad
Honour, Discipline and Loyalty
Agency overview
FormedJune 19, 1933[1]
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Chile
Operations jurisdictionChile
Population18,191,884
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed byDirección General
HeadquartersSantiago de Chile
Sworn members5,478 (2010) [2]
Agency executive
  • Sergio Muñoz Yáñez[3], Director General
Facilities
Stations128
Website
policia.cl (in Spanish)

Investigations Police of Chile (Spanish: Policía de Investigaciones de Chile, PDI) are the civilian police of Chile. Founded in 1933, it is one of two Chilean police bodies, along with the law enforcement police: Carabineros de Chile.[4] The PDI is the principal law enforcement arm of the Public Ministry of Chile in criminal investigation.

History

19th century

The first reference to police work in Chile is in the Police Regulation of 1803, where the terms "high police" and "public security" are used.[5] Then, in 1830, the Vigilantes and Serenos Corps of Santiago were created, whose work was followed throughout the country. In 1852 the Brigada de Policía was created in Santiago, where the Vigilantes and Serenos Corps were merged.

In the 1870s , the mayor of the city of Santiago, Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna proposed modelling the Brigada de Policía on the Agent de la Sûrete in Paris, France, which was based on the administrative structure of the police force. Ranks of Inspector, Comisario, and Prefecto (based on the French ranks of Inspecteur, Commissaire, and Préfet) were implemented, and that are still used today.

20th century

The modern Investigations Police was established in 1933 as a separate organization of civil police, independent from the control of the militarized Carabineros de Chile.

Organization

The Investigative Police divides its investigation areas according to the crime investigated, counting with it several specialized units of police investigation, which have Detectives specialists, experts and experts in the respective areas.

National Headquarters of Crimes Against Human Rights and People

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de delitos contra los Derechos Humanos y las Personas, JENADEP)

National Headquarters of Immigration and International Policing

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de Extranjería y Policía Internacional, JENAEX)

National Headquarters against Robberies and Criminal Areas

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional contra Robos y Focos Criminales, JENACROF)

National Headquarters of Crimes against the family

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de delitos contra la Familia, JENAFAM)

National Headquarters of Police Intelligence

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de Inteligencia Policial, JENAIPOL)

National Headquarters of Economic and Environmental Crimes

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de Delitos Económicos y Medioambiente, JENADEM)

National Headquarters of Counternarcotics and Anti-Organized Crime

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional Antinarcóticos y contra el Crimen Organizado, JENANCO)

National Headquarters of Criminalistics

(Spanish: Jefatura Nacional de Criminalística, JENACRIM)

Criminal Investigation Brigades and others

See also

References

  1. ^ "Efemérides". Policia. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  2. ^ Public Account 2011 (Retrieved 08/11/2017)
  3. ^ "Sergio Muñoz Yáñez, nuevo Director General". Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  4. ^ Chilean Constitution
  5. ^ Roberto Hernández Ponce; Jule Salazar González. "De la Policía Secreta a la Policía Científica" (2006, Santiago de Chile)