Ipswich
Ipswich, South Dakota
Location in Edmunds County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°26′42″N 99°1′49″W / 45.44500°N 99.03028°W / 45.44500; -99.03028Coordinates: 45°26′42″N 99°1′49″W / 45.44500°N 99.03028°W / 45.44500; -99.03028
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyEdmunds
Settled1883[1]
Area
 • Total1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Land1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,535 ft (468 m)
Population
 • Total954
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
891
 • Density664.93/sq mi (256.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57451
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-31860
GNIS feature ID1255770[5]
WebsiteCity of Ipswich

Ipswich is a city in and county seat of Edmunds County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 954 at the 2010 census.[6]

History

Ipswich was founded in 1883 as a stop on the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.[7] It was named after Ipswich, in England, perhaps via Ipswich, Massachusetts.[8]

Geography

Ipswich is located at 45°26′42″N 99°1′49″W / 45.44500°N 99.03028°W / 45.44500; -99.03028 (45.445009, -99.030239).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.34 square miles (3.47 km2), all of it land.[10]

Climate

Climate data for Ipswich, South Dakota (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1897−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
68
(20)
85
(29)
97
(36)
107
(42)
113
(45)
115
(46)
117
(47)
106
(41)
95
(35)
77
(25)
68
(20)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 23.5
(−4.7)
28.3
(−2.1)
41.2
(5.1)
56.5
(13.6)
69.0
(20.6)
78.5
(25.8)
83.7
(28.7)
81.8
(27.7)
73.5
(23.1)
58.4
(14.7)
41.9
(5.5)
28.3
(−2.1)
55.4
(13.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 13.3
(−10.4)
17.6
(−8.0)
30.0
(−1.1)
43.8
(6.6)
56.3
(13.5)
66.6
(19.2)
71.6
(22.0)
69.2
(20.7)
60.2
(15.7)
46.0
(7.8)
30.8
(−0.7)
18.6
(−7.4)
43.7
(6.5)
Average low °F (°C) 3.0
(−16.1)
6.9
(−13.9)
18.9
(−7.3)
31.0
(−0.6)
43.6
(6.4)
54.7
(12.6)
59.4
(15.2)
56.6
(13.7)
47.0
(8.3)
33.6
(0.9)
19.7
(−6.8)
8.8
(−12.9)
31.9
(−0.1)
Record low °F (°C) −45
(−43)
−38
(−39)
−25
(−32)
−8
(−22)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
13
(−11)
−12
(−24)
−27
(−33)
−40
(−40)
−45
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.35
(8.9)
0.54
(14)
0.85
(22)
1.79
(45)
2.99
(76)
3.48
(88)
3.13
(80)
2.40
(61)
1.94
(49)
1.67
(42)
0.54
(14)
0.48
(12)
20.16
(512)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.0
(15)
6.8
(17)
5.4
(14)
4.0
(10)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(2.8)
4.7
(12)
5.7
(14)
33.7
(86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.2 4.0 4.6 5.5 8.0 8.6 7.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 3.2 3.7 64.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.9 3.5 2.6 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 2.0 3.4 16.9
Source: NOAA[11][12]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890539
1900397−26.3%
1910810104.0%
192090912.2%
19309130.4%
19401,0029.7%
19501,0585.6%
19601,1316.9%
19701,1875.0%
19801,153−2.9%
1990965−16.3%
2000943−2.3%
20109541.2%
2019 (est.)891[4]−6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 954 people, 402 households, and 249 families living in the city. The population density was 711.9 inhabitants per square mile (274.9/km2). There were 441 housing units at an average density of 329.1 per square mile (127.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 402 households, of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.1% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 45.1 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 943 people, 404 households, and 254 families living in the city. The population density was 719.3 people per square mile (277.9/km2). There were 440 housing units at an average density of 335.6 per square mile (129.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.52% White, 0.21% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.

There were 404 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,073, and the median income for a family was $40,598. Males had a median income of $30,268 versus $16,413 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,890. About 6.7% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ipswich
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 990. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 43.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  11. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  12. ^ "Station: Ipswich, SD". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  14. ^ Major General Everett S. Hughes
  15. ^ Ipswich, South Dakota

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