Main station(s)Madrid Atocha, Barcelona Sants
Other station(s)Zaragoza–Delicias
Fleet size9 Frecciarossa 1000 (20 ordered)
Stations called at3
Parent companyTrenitalia / Air Nostrum / Globalvia
Track gaugeStandard (1435 mm)
Electrification25 kV AC
Route map
Current and planned services
Current and planned services

Iryo is the brand of Intermodalidad de Levante S.A., a private high-speed rail operator in Spain. The company is jointly owned by Trenitalia, Air Nostrum, and the infrastructure investment fund Globalvia.

Trains began operating on the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line in November 2022, in competition with the national railway Renfe's AVE and Avlo services, and the French-owned low-cost carrier Ouigo España. Spain is therefore the first country in Europe with three competing high-speed rail operators.[1]

Service began with 12 trains per day on the route between Madrid and Barcelona, sometimes calling at Zaragoza. Iryo added a Madrid–CuencaValencia route in December 2022, with Madrid–CórdobaSeville/Malaga trains added in March 2023, and Madrid–AlbaceteAlicante trains announced for June 2023.[2][3]

For rolling stock, the company ordered twenty new Frecciarossa 1000 units, similar to those used in Italy since 2015. Nine of these had arrived by the time service to Barcelona began.[4] In the longer term, they may also acquire variable-gauge trains to enable service to areas in Galicia which are accessible only via Iberian-gauge tracks.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "Spain's new high-speed trains make it Europe's rail capital". CNN. 25 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  2. ^ "Iryo makes inaugural run". International Railway Journal. 25 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Iryo To Andalucía". Railvolution. 31 March 2023. Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  4. ^ "Spanish Iryo takes off with inaugural journey". 21 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  5. ^ "ILSA gains third shareholder with Globalvia and plans to compete for Galicia". 16 February 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.