Isaac Hill
IsaacHill.jpg
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
March 4, 1831 – May 30, 1836
Preceded byLevi Woodbury
Succeeded byJohn Page
16th Governor of New Hampshire
In office
June 2, 1836 – June 5, 1839
Preceded byWilliam Badger
Succeeded byJohn Page
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
1826
Member of the New Hampshire Senate
In office
1820–1823
1827–1828
Personal details
BornApril 6, 1788
Cambridge, Massachusetts
DiedMarch 22, 1851(1851-03-22) (aged 62)
Washington, D.C.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Democratic
Signature

Isaac Hill (April 6, 1788 – March 22, 1851) was an American politician and newspaper editor who was a United States senator and the 16th governor of New Hampshire. He was a member of the Democratic Party and supported the policies of President Andrew Jackson.

Early life

Hill was born on April 6, 1788, in West Cambridge, Massachusetts, (now Belmont). He attended the schools of West Cambridge and Ashburnham. He was then apprenticed to a printer in Amherst, New Hampshire.[1]

In 1809, he moved to Concord, New Hampshire, where he became the owner and editor of the New Hampshire Patriot newspaper, which he operated until 1829.[2]

Hill was clerk of the New Hampshire State Senate in 1819 and 1825.[3]

Start of political career

A Democratic-Republican, he sat in the New Hampshire State Senate from 1820 to 1823 and 1827 to 1828. In 1826, he was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives.[4]

Hill supported Andrew Jackson for president in 1828. When Jackson was inaugurated, he appointed Hill as second comptroller of the United States Treasury, a position Hill held from 1829 to 1830. Hill became a Jackson confidant and was considered a member of the Kitchen Cabinet, a group of unofficial advisors who played a major role in shaping the administration's policy.[5]

United States Senator

In 1831, Hill was elected to the United States Senate as a Jacksonian. He sat from March 4, 1831, to May 30, 1836, when he resigned in anticipation of assuming the governorship.[6]

Governor of New Hampshire

Hill was elected governor in 1836. He was re-elected twice, and was in office from June 2, 1836, to June 5, 1839.[7]

Later career

From 1840 to 1841, Hill was subtreasurer of the United States Treasury office in Boston, Massachusetts.[8] From 1840 to 1847, he was the owner of another newspaper, Hill's New Hampshire Patriot, which was edited by his sons.[3] Hill supported John C. Calhoun for president in 1844.[9]

Hill also became active in other ventures, including railroads, real estate and banking.[10]

Death and burial

He died on March 22, 1851 in Washington, D.C.,[11] and was buried at Blossom Hill Cemetery in Concord.[12]

Legacy

The town of Hill, New Hampshire, is named for him.[13]

References

  1. ^ Benjamin Cutter; William Richard Cutter (1880). History of the Town of Arlington, Massachusetts. p. 260 – via Google Books.
    - Duane Hamilton Hurd (1890). History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Vol. 3. p. 694 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "History of Newspapers in New Hampshire". The Quarterly Register and Journal of the American Education Society. American Education Society. 12–13: 172. November 1840 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire. Vol. 4. Lewis Publishing Company. 1908. p. 1982.
  4. ^ Nancy Capace (2001). Encyclopedia of New Hampshire. p. 422. ISBN 9780403096015 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Kitchen Cabinet" . Encyclopedia Americana.
    - Terry Corps (2009). The A to Z of the Jacksonian Era and Manifest Destiny. pp. 157–158. ISBN 9780810870161 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Parke Godwin (1880). The Cyclopaedia of Biography. p. 150 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ History of Bedford, New Hampshire. Rumford Printing Company. 1903. p. 798 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ James Knox Polk (1983). Correspondence of James K. Polk: 1842-1843. p. 355. ISBN 9780826512116 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ Schlesinger 1953, p. 104.
  10. ^ John Ashworth (1983). 'Agrarians' and 'Aristocrats': Party Political Ideology in the United States, 1837-1846. p. 258. ISBN 9780521335676 – via Google Books.
    - Nancy Coffey Heffernan; Ann Page Stecker (2004). New Hampshire: Crosscurrents in its Development. p. 123. ISBN 9781584653943 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Daniel Webster, The Papers of Daniel Webster: 1798-1824, 1986, page 219
  12. ^ Thomas E. Spencer, Where They're Buried, 1998, page 134
  13. ^ Town of Hill web page. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
    - Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 156.

Bibliography

Party political offices Preceded byWilliam Badger Democratic nominee for Governor of New Hampshire 1836, 1837, 1838 Succeeded byJohn Page U.S. Senate Preceded byLevi Woodbury U.S. senator (Class 3) from New Hampshire 1831–1836 Served alongside: Samuel Bell, Henry Hubbard Succeeded byJohn Page Political offices Preceded byWilliam Badger Governor of New Hampshire 1836–1839 Succeeded byJohn Page