Ishigaki
石垣市
Isïgaksï, Ishanagzï
Top left: Mount Omoto, Top right: Mount Nosoko, 2nd row: Kabira Bay from Kabira Park, lower left: 730 Street in downtown Ishigaki, lower right: Shiraho natural reef, Bottom of left: Hirakubo peninsula from Tamatorizaki, Bottom right: Miyara old residence site
Top left: Mount Omoto, Top right: Mount Nosoko, 2nd row: Kabira Bay from Kabira Park, lower left: 730 Street in downtown Ishigaki, lower right: Shiraho natural reef, Bottom of left: Hirakubo peninsula from Tamatorizaki, Bottom right: Miyara old residence site
Flag of Ishigaki
Official seal of Ishigaki
Map
Location of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture
Ishigaki is located in Japan
Ishigaki
Ishigaki
Coordinates: 24°20′26″N 124°9′20″E / 24.34056°N 124.15556°E / 24.34056; 124.15556
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureOkinawa Prefecture
Government
 • MayorYoshitaka Nakayama
Area
 • Total229.00 km2 (88.42 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2016)
 • Total47,562
 • Density213/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeYaeyama kokutan (Diospyros ferrea)
- FlowerSakishima tsutsuji (Rhododendron amanoi, Ohwi)
- BirdCrested serpent eagle
- ButterflyRice paper butterfly
- FishHamafuefuki (Lethrinus nebulosus)
- ShellBlack-lip oyster (Pinctada margaritifera)
Phone number0980-82-9911
Address14 Misakichō, Ishigaki-shi 907-8501
ClimateAf
Websitewww.city.ishigaki.okinawa.jp

Ishigaki (石垣市, Ishigaki-shi, Yaeyama: Isïgaksï, Ishanagzï) is a city in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It includes Ishigaki island and the Senkaku Islands territory.[1] The city is the political, cultural, and economic center of the Yaeyama Islands.[2] New Ishigaki Airport serves the city. As of December 2012, the city has an estimated population of 48,816 and a population density of 213 persons per km2. The total area is 229.00 km2.[3]

It is also the location of the Senkaku Islands (see below in the Geography section).

History

The current city of Ishigaki was founded in 1908 as Yaeyama Village, an amalgamation of the Ishigaki, Ōhama, and Miyara magiri. In 1914 it was renamed to Ishigaki Village, and grew to become Ishigaki Town in 1926. Ishigaki was elevated to city status on July 10, 1947.

Historical footnote: One of the first Frenchmen ever to visit Japan, Guillaume Courtet, came ashore at Ishigaki in 1636.

Geography

The city of Ishigaki covers the entirety of Ishigaki Island (222 km2 (86 sq mi)).[4] The island is surrounded by coral reefs. The highest point on Ishigaki Island is Omotodake (525.5 m (1,724 ft)).[5]

The uninhabited Senkaku Islands are located 150 km (93 mi) north of the Ishigaki Island. The Senkaku Islands cover roughly 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi).[6][7]

Economy

Ishigaki produces sugarcane and pineapples. Tourism is also an important part of the economy of the city.[2]

Transportation

New Ishigaki Airport and Ishigaki Port serve the city.

Climate

Ishigaki has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af) with frequent tropical cyclones so not equatorial. "Summers" are hot and "winters" warm. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year; the rainiest months are August and September (due to tropical storms/typhoons) while the driest months are December and July.

Climate data for Ishigaki (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1896−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
29.1
(84.4)
29.4
(84.9)
32.9
(91.2)
33.7
(92.7)
34.6
(94.3)
35.3
(95.5)
35.6
(96.1)
35.4
(95.7)
33.2
(91.8)
30.9
(87.6)
29.0
(84.2)
35.6
(96.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
23.7
(74.7)
26.0
(78.8)
28.7
(83.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.2
(90.0)
32.0
(89.6)
31.0
(87.8)
28.8
(83.8)
26.2
(79.2)
23.0
(73.4)
27.2
(81.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.9
(66.0)
19.4
(66.9)
20.9
(69.6)
23.4
(74.1)
25.9
(78.6)
28.4
(83.1)
29.6
(85.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.2
(82.8)
26.0
(78.8)
23.6
(74.5)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
17.2
(63.0)
18.6
(65.5)
21.3
(70.3)
23.9
(75.0)
26.6
(79.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
23.9
(75.0)
21.5
(70.7)
18.4
(65.1)
22.4
(72.3)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
5.9
(42.6)
7.2
(45.0)
10.0
(50.0)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.0
(68.0)
17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
14.0
(57.2)
7.1
(44.8)
6.6
(43.9)
5.9
(42.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 135.0
(5.31)
124.0
(4.88)
134.4
(5.29)
146.9
(5.78)
190.7
(7.51)
208.2
(8.20)
142.3
(5.60)
249.8
(9.83)
259.7
(10.22)
211.2
(8.31)
138.1
(5.44)
155.2
(6.11)
2,095.5
(82.50)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 14.9 11.7 11.7 10.3 11.1 10.0 10.4 13.3 13.1 12.3 12.8 14.8 146.3
Average relative humidity (%) 72 73 74 77 79 81 77 78 76 73 73 71 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 84.7 91.3 118.1 130.3 164.3 212.9 261.0 232.9 189.9 157.6 115.3 89.3 1,852.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[8]

Sights

The town of Ishigaki has various sights to offer.

Notable people from Ishigaki

Sister cities

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In Japan

Overseas

References

  1. ^ "石垣(市)" [Ishigaki]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  2. ^ a b "Ishigaki". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
  3. ^ 石垣市の人口 [Population of Ishigaki] (in Japanese). Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Ishigaki. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  4. ^ "平成27年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調 島面積" (PDF). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. 2015-10-01. p. 111. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-15. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
  5. ^ "Ishigakijima". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  6. ^ "Senkaku". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  7. ^ "尖閣諸島" [Senkaku Islands]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 173191044. dlc 2009238904. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  8. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  9. ^ Chris Taylor: Japan, S. 716. Stefan Loose Verlag. Berlin 1998
  10. ^ Yamakei: Ryukyu Nansei Shoto, p.106. Tokio 2003. ISBN 4-635-01718-4
  11. ^ Yamakei: Ryukyu Nansei Shoto, p.105. Tokio 2003. ISBN 4-635-01718-4