Iskandar Malaysia
Bus Rapid Transit
 BRT 
Overview
Native nameTransit Aliran Bas Iskandar Malaysia  (Malay)
LocaleIskandar Malaysia - Johor Bahru District, Kulai District, and Pontian District (South)
Transit typeBus rapid transit
Number of lines72 (3 trunk, 26 direct, and 42 feeder BRT route)
Websitehttps://imbrt.com.my
Operation
Began operation2023 - 2024
Operator(s) 111  Handal Indah (Causeway Link)
 227  Maju
 007  S&S International
 168  Transit Link (City Bus)
Number of vehiclesArticulated 18m ( Trunk route), 12m bus (Direct route) and 8m bus (Feeder route)
Technical
System length51 km (32 mi) First Phase
System map

Proposed trunk route corridors
Skudai corridor
UTM Hub
Iskandar Puteri corridor
Sri Putri
Medini Hub
MBIP
Horizon Hill
Tun Aminah
Bukit Indah
Bukit Mewah
Perling
Dato' Penggawa Barat
Baiduri
Kampung Pasir
Sungai Danga
Skudai Kanan
Skudai Kiri
Tebrau corridor
Tun Abdul Razak corridor
Desa Jaya Hub
Taman Tasek
Tebrau City
Mount Austin
Tun Fatimah
Pusat Bandar
Kampung Pandan
Larkin
Kampung Melayu Majidee
Stulang Baru
Kebun Teh
Kampung Setanggi
Kem Majidee
Saujana
Sentosa
Sri Tebrau
Wadi Hassan
Depoh Polis
Bukit Chagar  RTS 
Pantai Lido corridor
Johor Bahru CBD corridor
Wong Ah Fook North
JB Sentral  ETS 
Wong Ah Fook South
Meldrum
Lot 1 Waterfront
Tun Sri Lanang
MBJB

The Iskandar Malaysia Bus Rapid Transit (IMBRT) is a proposed bus rapid transit system to be built in and around Iskandar Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia. It will consist of trunk, direct, and feeder bus rapid transit corridors.[1][2][3][4]

The Brisbane BRT will be a bus rapid transit model for the development based on the feasibility study to be implemented in Iskandar Malaysia.[5]

History

As the population of Iskandar Malaysia was expected to grow double in 2025 from 1.5 million people when it was established in 2006, IMBRT was proposed to cater the transportation needs for the residents in the area.[6] This led to the first conceptualization of the project in 2009 that aimed to combine the speed and reliability of the light rail transit (LRT) with the affordability of a conventional bus system. The concept aimed to use high-capacity buses shuttling along the dedicated bus lanes on three main routes connecting Johor Bahru to industries and residential areas in Tebrau, universities and small and medium-sized enterprises in Skudai and new growth areas in Nusajaya. The buses will be air-conditioned with Wi-Fi on board that run on clean energy at regular intervals, cutting waiting and travelling times for commuters while reducing pollution and traffic jams.[7]

Project launch

Late March 2016, the IMBRT project received a green light from the government and expected to take off on 2017. The project was set to be done in three phases with the first phase scheduled to complete in 2021. Once completed, the BRT system was expected cover almost 90% of Iskandar Malaysia, up from the then 39% coverage.[8][7]

On 7 October 2017, the project was launched by the then Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak at the Progressive Johor Expo in Kota Iskandar. The BRT system was set to be developed at a cost of RM2.56 billion that would be funded by the Federal government for RM1 billion while the remaining funds would be financed through public-private partnership initiative. The system was said to have the elements of light rail transit or metro that would make it quicker than regular bus services. The prime minister ensured that the BRT system would be linked to the Rapid Transit System (RTS), the High Speed Rail (HSR) and intercity bus service. The project was then expected to be operational by 2021 and have a route spanning 51 km and 39 stations.[1]

Progress

The public inspection for the project was started in November 2017 to get the feedback from the public and continued to 2018 along with development planning, land acquisitions and stations design to focus throughout the year. The routes were later updated to span over 300 km, of which 50 km were trunk routes while the rest would be feeder routes. The construction work was set to start on the first quarter on 2021 while the completion date for the first phase was push back to end of 2021.[6]

Upon the change of government due to 2018 general election, the new Pakatan Harapan state government confirmed that they are still committed to continuing the project and be given due priority by the Federal government with Johor Bahru-Kota Iskandar to be first route considered for implementation.[9] As of Mar 2021, the construction was again pushed back to the first quarter 2022 with the service to start on 2023.[7]

As the vehicle of the project arrived in January 2021, the bus pilot testing programme of the system set to be launched on 8 April 2021. They will pass by Horizon Hills and Anjung in Medini.[10]

IMBRT Pilot Testing Programme

A three -month pilot testing program was launched on April 8, 2021, in Medini, Iskandar Puteri. As a pilot test, nine bus suppliers were involved in demonstrations of the use of the latest green bus technology that uses electricity or biodiesel. The buses tested ranged in size from 6 meters to 32 meters, and the actual test was held along the route in Iskandar Puteri corridor.[11]

Bi-articulated bus for trunk services

ART on pilot testing programme between Medini Hub to Horizon Hill in April 2021.
ART on pilot testing programme between Medini Hub to Horizon Hill in April 2021.

In January 2021, a LiDAR guided bi-articulated bus for IMBRT arrived in Johor from China.[12] The guided buses that will be used for this project is an automated rapid transit (ART) type that was imported by Mobilus Sdn Bhd, a 51:49 joint venture company established between Ireka Corp Bhd and CRRC Urban Traffic Co Ltd, a member of CRRC Group. Malaysia will be the first country in the region to potentially adopt this technology.[10]

The ART is a multi-carriages that is equipped with sensors that read the painted tracks marking on the road, enabling it to automatically navigate its own route while travelling up to 70 km per hour and carrying more than 100 passengers per carriages. The capacity of an ART vehicle is expandable to up to five carriages. It is considered as a medium capacity transit system for urban passenger transport using leading edge technology and allows for higher passenger capacity at a lower cost of implementation when compared to traditional light rail systems. During the pilot test, the guided bus used stored energy on electricity to operates. This is to find out the vehicle sustainability to suit on the hot and humid conditions of Malaysian weather.[10]

Single-deck bus for direct and feeder services

A total of 5 single deck buses have participated in this program where 4 buses use electricity while only 1 Scania K250UB bus uses biodiesel. The electric bus models involved are Putra-NEDO EV, Edison Motors New e-FIBIRD, Skywell NJL6101EV and CRRC CSR6105GLEV1-1.[13]

Route

For the first phase of IMBRT, the 51 km route will consist of 19 stations in Tebrau, 13 in Skudai and seven in Iskandar Puteri.[14]

Trunks service corridors

Corridor Origin – Destination[15] Proposed Halt Current Operational Bus Route
  Tebrau Larkin - JB Sentral - Tebrau City Larkin, Kebun Teh, Saujana, Wadi Hasan, KOMTAR, JB Sentral, Sungai Segget, MBJB, Tun Sri Lanang, Wong Ah Fook Selatan, Wong Ah Fook Utara, Wadi Hana, Depot Polis, Sri Tebrau, Taman Abad, Sentosa, Taman Melodies, Taman Suria, Stulang Baru, Kampung Bendahara, Kampung Melayu Majidee, Taman Sri Pandan, Kampung Pandan, Taman Redang, Pusat Bandar Pandan & Tebrau City.  1   2   6B   188   205   227   BET2 
  Skudai JB Sentral - Sri Putri JB Sentral, Sungai Segget, MBJB, Taman Istana, Lido Boulevard, Sri Gelam, Straits View South, Straits View, Bukit Serene, Danga Bay Park, Iskandar Malaysia, UDA, Skudai Kanan, Pengkalan Rinting, Kampung Pasir, Pekan Rabu, TD Penggawa Barat, Bukit Mewah, Danga Utama, Tun Aminah, Tun Aminah 2, MBJBT & Sri Putri.  7   7B   229   777B   BET1   BET3 
  Iskandar Puteri JB Sentral - Medini JB Sentral, Sungai Segget, MBJB, Taman Istana, Lido Boulevard, Sri Gelam, Strais View South, Straits View, Bukit Serene, Danga Bay Park, Iskandar Malaysia, Skudai Kiri, Sungai Danga, D'Utama, Baiduri, Perling, Bukit Indah, International Resort, Theme Park, Sungai Melayu, Kota Iskandar, Legoland, Medini & Ledang.  111   221   LM1 

Direct service

No. Origin – Destination[15] Length (km)
1 Bukit Indah – JB 42.93
2 Kota IskandarPerlingBandar Baru UDA 47.06
3 Gelang PatahLarkinPermas Jaya Hub 68.2
4 Medini - Larkin – Permas Jaya 51.77
5 Taman UniversitiMutiara Rini 51.8
6 UTM – Taman Universiti – Medini 54.37
7 UTM Station – Taman Ungku Tun Aminah – Medini 37.95
8 Taman Ungku Tun Aminah - Lima Kedai – Medini 49.11
9 Senai Airport – Bukit Indah – Medini 70..4
10 Kulai – Skudai – Larkin 60.37
11 PulaiKempas Sentral 42.86
12 Taman Ungku Tun Aminah – TampoiJohor Jaya 63.79
13 Kempas Baru – HAS – JB 33.3
14 Setia Indah – Kempas Baru – Larkin – JB 41.83
15 Kempas Sentral – Medini 55.6
16 Impian Jaya – Kempas Sentral – Larkin Sentral 36.49
17 Terminal Johor Jaya – Permas 38.72
18 Puteri WangsaTebrau – Larkin – JB 47.63
19 Desa CemerlangStulang 47.14
20 Setia Indah – Kebun TehLarkin Sentral 34.89
21 Ulu Tiram – Tebrau – Larkin Sentral 40.53
22 Tebrau City – Tampoi – Kempas Sentral 37.24
23 MasaiSeri Alam – Permas Jaya 58.88
24 Kota MasaiPasir Gudang – JB 68.45
25 Pasir Gudang Terminal – Kempas Sentral 53.96
26 Seri Alam – Permas – Larkin Sentral 36.37

Feeder service

Origin – Destination[15] Length (km)
1 Danga Bay – Saujana – JB 23.81
2 Kg Pasir Station – Bandar Baru Uda – Larkin – Abad – Pelangi – JB 34.08
3 Larkin Sentral – Kg Amin – JB 16.98
4 Pulai Indah – Nusa Perintis – Medini 76.21
5 Pekan Nenas – Gelang Patah – Medini 63.34
6 Kg Maju Jaya – Desa Idaman – Econsave – Senai Airport 27.02
7 Taman Aman – Senai New Village 8.72
8 Ulu Tiram – Senai 46.96
9 Kg Kangkar – Sg Tiram – Ulu Tiram Terminal 32.46
10 Kong Kong – Taman Cendana – Pasir Gudang Terminal 30.28
11 KSAB CIQ – Medini South – Puteri Harbour 42.81
12 PendasTanjung Pelepas – Medini 57.31
13 Pinewood – Medini – Gelang Patah 29.38
14 Medini South – Medini – Sg Melayu 35.23
15 Bukit Indah – Nusa Idaman – Horizon Hills – Medini 26.84
16 Perling Station – Taman Dato’ Penggawa Barat 14.41
17 Taman Universiti 14.89
18 Skudai Baru – Taman Ungku Tun Aminah – Taman Orkid 15.72
19 Penggawa Barat – Dahlia – Desa Rahmat – Kg Pasir Station 11.95
20 Danga Sutera – Selesa Jaya 16.3
21 Kempas – Impian Emas – UTM Terminal 36.83
22 Pulai Ria – Taman Teratai – Sri Pulai – Taman Universiti 19.65
23 Kempas – Taman Johor – Bukit Mewah Station 18.26
24 Taman Suria – Kg Melayu Majidee – Larkin 15.78
25 JPO – Bandar Putera 19
26 Kulai Jaya Terminal – Taman Putri Pulai 11.46
27 Taman Majidee – Taman Melodies – Taman Sentosa – Sri Tebrau – Pelangi Station 21.84
28 Setia Indah – Austin Height – Bandar Dato' Onn – Setia Indah 17.36
29 PPR Sri Stulang – Sentosa 10.82
30 KDSM – Majidee Baru – Kg Bendahara 5.98
31 Bestari Indah – Desa Cemerlang – Desa Jaya Hub 18.79
32 Johor Jaya – Taman Gaya – Desa Jaya Hub 21.37
33 Johor Jaya – Taman Molek – Pandan Station 20.83
34 UNIKL – UITM – Jalan Gunung – Seri Alam Terminal 14.28
35 Flora Height – Cendana – Kg Pasir Gudang Baru – Pasir Gudang Terminal 22.04
36 Permas – Senibong 21.5
37 Seri Alam – Nusa Damai – Pasir Gudang Terminal 19.6
38 PPR Desa Rakyat – Taman Scientex – Taman Cendana – Pasir Gudang – Masai 22.86
39 Kg Pasir Putih – Taman Air Biru – Pasir Gudang – Masai 20.72
40 Kota Masai – Taman Pasir Putih – Pasir Gudang 26.6
41 Pasir Gudang Terminal – Perigi Acheh – Tanjung Langsat 32.75
42 Seri Alam Terminal – Taman Rinting – Megah Ria 14.44

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Bus Rapid Transit to serve as Iskandar Malaysia public transportation backbone". www.nst.com.my.
  2. ^ "柔快捷巴士料2021年運行" (in Chinese). Oriental Daily News (Malaysia).
  3. ^ "依斯干达快捷巴士系统汇报会.千辆巴士川行新山市区.BTS2021年投入运作" (in Simplified Chinese). Sin Chew Daily. 18 January 2018.
  4. ^ "SunCon, WCT potential candidates in Johor RM2.6b bus rapid transit project - Business News - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  5. ^ "Iskandar bus rapid transit system modelled after Brisbane's BRT - Business News - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  6. ^ a b "First phase of Iskandar Malaysia BRT to be ready by 2021". The Star. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "Johor's RM2.56 bil Bus Rapid Transit to take off in 2022". Free Malaysia Today. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Iskandar Malaysia BRT system gets the green light". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Johor committed to continuing Iskandar Malaysia BRT project". The Edge Markets. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  10. ^ a b c "Mobilus welcomes arrival of first automated rapid transit system into Iskandar Malaysia". The Edge Markets. 20 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  11. ^ https://themalaysianreserve.com/2021/04/09/johor-commences-brt-pilot-testing/ Johor commences BRT pilot testing
  12. ^ https://iskandarputeri.com/autonomous-rapid-transit-art-the-first-art-system-in-asean-is-now-arrived-in-iskandar-malaysia/ Autonomous Rapid Transit (ART) – The First ART System in ASEAN is Now Arrived in Iskandar Malaysia!
  13. ^ https://landtransportguru.net/imbrt-pilot-testing-programme/ IMBRT Pilot Testing Programme
  14. ^ "IMBRT di peringkat akhir keluar tender reka bentuk stesen [METROTV]". Harian Metro (in Malay). 24 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  15. ^ a b c "Feeder & Direct Routes - IMBRT". 24 January 2018.