It! The Living Colossus
LivingColossus.jpg
It! The Living Colossus was featured in his own short-lived miniseries starting with Astonishing Tales #21 (Dec. 1973)
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceTales of Suspense #14 (Feb. 1961)
Created byJack Kirby
In-story information
AbilitiesSuperhuman strength, stamina and durability
Flight via gravity manipulation
Ability to command intelligence which was forced back into its original body and survive underwater without air

It! The Living Colossus is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Initially a statue animated by a hostile extraterrestrial, he first appeared in the science-fiction anthology series Tales of Suspense #14 (Feb. 1961), in a story drawn by Jack Kirby (writer unknown).[1] He was revived in Astonishing Tales #21 (Dec. 1973) by writer Tony Isabella and artist Dick Ayers as the protagonist of a short-lived feature, in which he was animated by a wheelchair-using special-effects designer.

Publication history

It! The Living Colossus debuted in the 18-page science fiction story "I Created the Colossus" in the anthology series Tales of Suspense #14 (Feb. 1961), published by Marvel Comics' 1950s and early 1960s forerunner, Atlas Comics. Penciled by industry legend Jack Kirby and inked by Dick Ayers, and scripted by an uncredited writer, this "Marvel pre-superhero" monster returned for a 13-page sequel story, "Colossus Lives Again", by the same artistic team, in the by-now Marvel comic Tales of Suspense #20 (Aug. 1961).[2] The two stories were reprinted in, respectively, Monsters on the Prowl #17 (June 1972) and 25 (Sept. 1973).

The character was revived in Astonishing Tales #21 (Dec. 1973) by writer Tony Isabella and artist Dick Ayers, who both drew and lettered the stories. The feature ran four issues, through #24 (June 1974).[3]

Isabella said in 2001 that after the Theodore Sturgeon story "It!" in Supernatural Thrillers #1 (Dec. 1972) had sold well, "Came the word from on high that Marvel should do a regular 'It!' series". Marvel already had an It-like swamp monster in the Man-Thing, so, "looking over the sales figures for recent issues of Marvel's giant monster reprint books, we discovered the issues which reprinted the 'Colossus' stories by Jack Kirby [Monsters on the Prowl #17 and 25] sold much better than the other issues which had been published around the same time".[4]

In 2009, Isabella elaborated, saying editor-in-chief Roy Thomas:

...wanted to give me a series to write and knew I was a monster-movie fan. He asked for my input on our new 'It', and that's when I learned [the "Colossus" sales information]. I pitched him on the new 'It' being a continuation of those stories, though in my original pitch, the special effects-man hero of the second Colossus story had married his actress sweetheart and already started a family with her. Any member of the family would have been able to activate and control the Colossus. Roy steered me to the more dramatic premise of the hero being paralyzed.[5]

Assessing the series, Isabella said, "It was an honor working with Dick Ayers, one of the original 'Big Four' artists of the Marvel Universe. However, I don't think Dick was at his best here. He wasn't being treated very well by Marvel and it was showing in his work".[4]

In an unusual storytelling technique for the time, Isabella made longer stories than the budgeted 15-page tales by inserting reprint panels or pages from 1959-61 pre-superhero monster stories. "I could expand the page count of the 'It!' stories while including backstory which would have otherwise eaten up some of those new pages".[4]

Had the series continued, Isabella said in 2009, "subsequent stories would have featured Goom and Googam ... and a team-up with [the superhero] Thor to stop an invasion of Earth by the Storm Giants of Norse legend".[6]

The character perished in The Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #244 (Feb. 1980), a fill-in issue, though it was rebuilt in another story the following decade. Writer Steven Grant recalled:

[Editor] Al Milgrom suggested It, mainly because he’d already enlisted Carmine [Infantino] to draw the story, and we both very fondly remembered all the superhero and sci-fi stories Carmine drew at DC in the ’50s and ’60s featuring giants, with an emphasis on giant feet. ... So Al suggested using It, Marvel’s most expendable giant character of the day. No longer sure which of us decided it was time to grind him into dust-Dust-DUST, but I do remember that was an intentional friendly rib at Jim Shooter's Korvac storyline in Avengers.[vague][7]

Fictional character biography

It! the Living Colossus was a 100-foot-tall stone humanoid statue constructed by Moscow sculptor Boris Petrovski to protest the oppressive Soviet Union government.[8] It became animated initially by the mind transferal of a stranded alien from the Kigor race, and rampaged through Moscow. When the alien's rescue party arrived, the Kigors abandoned the Colossus and returned to their homeworld, leaving the statue inanimate.[9] The statue was later transported to Los Angeles, California and reanimated by the Kigors, who used it to attack the U.S. Army. The Kigors were defeated by Hollywood special effects designer Bob O'Bryan and the statue was again rendered inanimate.[10]

An accident later robbed O'Bryan of the use of his legs, compelling him to use a wheelchair. The statue was stolen by the evil Doctor Vault, who reduced its size from 100 feet (30 m) to 30 feet (9.1 m). Animated by the mind transferal of O'Bryan, It! battled Vault's minions and escaped.[11] It! went on to battle other monster foes.[12] O'Bryan later was cured and married Diane Cummings. The statue became controlled by Doctor Vault and was destroyed in battle with the Hulk. Doctor Vault appeared to die when he was unable to complete the transference of his mind from the statue back into his body.[13] it was rebuilt as a robot for use by O'Bryan in his films.[14] Later, the original It! was reconstituted by O'Bryan under the control of Lotus Newmark.[15]

After a battle with Doctor Doom, It! was lost in the Pacific Ocean near the Galápagos Islands. O'Bryan lost his connection to both his normal body and It! and his body was left in a vegetative state. Five years later, Deadpool assisted O'Bryan's niece in retrieving the Colossus from the ocean floor and restoring O'Bryan's mind.[16]

O'Bryan and It! were being considered as a "potential recruit" for the Initiative program.[17]

It! later appeared on Monster Isle when Shadowcat and Magik appeared to look for a mutant girl named Bo.[18]

Powers and abilities

Bob O'Bryan becomes It! through mind transferal into an animated stone statue, its composition altered by the alien Kigors. It has tremendous superhuman strength, as well as superhuman stamina and durability, and the ability to manipulate gravitons for flight. As a statue, It! could survive underwater without air. However, It! has a vulnerability to nerve gas or knockout gas, which forces the command intelligence back into its original body. There is also an unrevealed time limit that the command intelligence can remain within the statue.

"Special psychokinetic nerve endings" implanted by the Kigors allow the statue to be animated, either directly (as with the Kigors) or by psychic transference (as with O'Bryan).[19]

Other versions

Clones of It the Living Colossus

Reed Richards made a duplicate of It! using the "Ionic Inanimate Matter Converter". It was sent to oppose the Cosmic Cube-empowered Doctor Doom.[20]

Another duplicate of It!, as well as a second brown version of the creature, fought on behalf of the terrorist front organization H.A.T.E., defending the secret State 51 installation from the Nextwave squad.[21]

Other characters named It

There have been other characters in the Marvel Universe known as "It". These include:

Reception

It! The Living Colossus was ranked #27 on a listing of Marvel Comics' monster characters in 2015.[22]

References

  1. ^ Markstein, Don. "It, the Living Colossus". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  2. ^ Sacks, Jason; Dallas, Keith (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1970s. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 102. ISBN 978-1605490564.
  3. ^ Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. DK Publishing. p. 161. ISBN 978-1465455505.
  4. ^ a b c Comic Book Artist #13, p. 100
  5. ^ Tony Isabella interviewed in Millsted, Ian (October 2009). "It! The Living Colossus". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (#39): 69.
  6. ^ Isabella in Millsted, p. 71
  7. ^ Buttery, Jarrod (February 2014). "Hulk Smash!: The Incredible Hulk in the 1970s". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (#70): 18.
  8. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
  9. ^ Tales of Suspense #14 (Feb. 1961)
  10. ^ Tales of Suspense #20 (Aug. 1961)
  11. ^ Astonishing Tales #21 (Dec. 1973)
  12. ^ Astonishing Tales #22-24 (Feb., April and June 1974)
  13. ^ The Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #244 (Feb. 1980)
  14. ^ Wonder Man Annual #2 (1993) and Marvel Comics Presents #169 (early Dec. 1994)
  15. ^ Avengers Two: Wonder Man & the Beast #2-3 (both July 2000)
  16. ^ Deadpool Team-Up #895 (March 2010)
  17. ^ Civil War: Battle Damage Report #1
  18. ^ The Uncanny X-Men vol. 3 #33
  19. ^ Astonishing Tales #22 (Feb. 1974)
  20. ^ Fantastic Four: World’s Greatest Comic Magazine #12 (Jan. 2002)
  21. ^ Nextwave: Agents of H.A.T.E. #11 (Feb. 2007)
  22. ^ Buxton, Marc (October 30, 2015). "Marvel's 31 Best Monsters". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. It...remains one of the most famed pronouns in Marvel monster lore.