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Italia 1
Italia 1.svg
CountryItaly
Broadcast areaNationwide
HeadquartersMilan, Italy
Programming
Language(s)Italian
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerMediaset Italia
(MFE - MediaForEurope)
Sister channelsItalia 2
Rete 4
Canale 5
20
Iris
27 Twentyseven
La5
Cine34
Focus
Top Crime
Boing
Boing Plus
Cartoonito
TGcom24
Mediaset Extra
History
Launched3 January 1982; 40 years ago (1982-01-03)
Links
WebsiteItalia 1
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel 6 (HD)
Streaming media
Mediaset InfinityItalia 1

Italia 1 (Italian pronunciation [iˈtaːlja ˈuːno]) is an Italian free-to-air television channel on the Mediaset network, owned by MFE - MediaForEurope. It is oriented at both young and adult people.

Italia 1 was launched on 3 January 1982 and, originally, was owned by Rusconi; after a few months, however, due to the aggressive dumping practices of Silvio Berlusconi's rival network Canale 5, Rusconi was forced to sell the majority of his company to Fininvest, allowing Berlusconi to further strengthen his media holdings.

History

Launch (1982–1983)

Launched 3 January 1982 by print media editor Edilio Rusconi, Italia 1 was born from the idea of a network supported by twenty regional broadcasting stations, some owned by Rusconi himself and others simply affiliated to broadcast throughout Italian territory on the 'ploy' of interconnection. The lead broadcasting station is Milan-based Antenna Nord, but Rome's Quinta Rete also has an important role. Lillo Tombolini is the executive director. The channel's presenter is a young Gabriella Golia, who was already the face of Antenna Nord. Rusconi's growing national channel starts its programming at noon, with a segment dedicated to children, during which various cartoons and anime series (particularly western cartoons) are broadcast, as well as successful original television series, such as Star Trek, then in the early afternoon air-time is given to region-specific broadcasts, later restarting the national broadcast with more television series and the mid-afternoon 80's and 90's children's programming block, Bim Bum Bam (offering episodes from numerous cartoon series, predominantly more American and European, such as The Smurfs, Snorks, Count Duckula, Police Academy, Iznogoud, Inspector Gadget, Batman: The Animated Series, and Spiff and Hercules, and less Japanese). In the late afternoon the channel again broadcasts from local stations and an hour later airs a television series episode (such as Paper Moon). Generally, in the early evening two films and one television series is broadcast. The network also offers plenty of air-time to sport programs dedicated to soccer, boxing, basketball and motor racing, including Andrea De Adamich's Grand Prix. Prime time hours were dedicated to predominantly American imports such as Falcon Crest, Kojak, The Big Valley, Project UFO, and Mork & Mindy. On 23 April 1982 an official agreement was made between Gruppo Rusconi and the American network CBS for technical assistance and program sharing. However, only a few months after its appearance on a national scale funds began to dwindle, mostly due to exorbitant costs of managing broadcast transmission systems, something a print editing house such as Rusconi probably wasn't aware of, but also due to the aggressive advertising policy from its main rival network, Canale 5. In fact, Rusconi's network relied on an external advertising provider, la Publikompass, to sell advertising space while Berlusconi's channel took advantage of owning its own advertising provider, Publitalia, which could easily personalize ad packages to clients using dumping practices. On 6 September 1982 Rusconi signed a collaboration agreement with Silvio Berlusconi, the owner of Canale 5, mainly focusing on a common policy for the management of advertising limits but also concerning the communal use of high frequency networks and the sharing of some programs. However, on 30 November of that same year, the Rusconi group are forced to sell the network for about 29 billion lire (approximately €15 Million) to Berlusconi, who merges it with "Rete 10", also owned by Berlusconi, to found the new Italia 1, that according to the Fininvest company is oriented for a young audience.

Audience

Share 24h* Italia 1

Below, average monthly listening data in the total day received by the issuer.[1]

January February March April May June July August September October November December Average
(per year)
2008 10.83%
2009 9.85% 9.63% - 10.51% 10.56% 12.09% 11.66% 11.15% 10.68% 10.23% 9.71% 9.39% 10.50%
2010 9.00% 8.67% 9.09% 9.35% 9.71% 9.49% 9.85% 9.39% 9.22% 8.97% 8.97% 8.62% 9.19%
2011 8.25% 7.92% 8.24% 8.31% 8.37% 8.89% 9.01% 8.57% 8.20% 3.70% 8.58%
2012 7.85% 7.54% 7.64% 7.89% 7.81% 7.62% 7.44% 6.84% 7.20% 6.98% 6.62% 6.46% 7.33%
2013 6.47% 6.43% 6.58% 6.34% 6.59% 6.75% 6.69% 6.45% 6.63% 6.43% 6.49% 6.54% 6.53%
2014 6.15% 6.04% 6.10% 5.84% 5.63% 5.71% 6.08% 6.44% 6.25% 5.95% 5.75% 6.05% 5.99%
2015 5.54% 5.46% 5.95% 5.94% 5.47% 5.79% 5.92% 5.84% 5.51% 5.53% 5.56% 5.44% 5.66%
2016 5.52% 5.07% 5.33% 5.27% 4.97% 4.91% 5.40% 5.10% 5.11% 5.20% 5.33% 5.45% 5.22%
2017 5.00% 4.80% 5.19% 5.00% 4.96% 5.00% 5.16% 4.96% 4.77% 5.04% 4.98% 5.23% 5.01%
2018 4.67% 4.69% 5.13% 4.77% 4.65% 9.10% 4.62% 4,62% 4,38% 4,65% 4,63% 4,61% 5,00%
2019 4,57% 4,47% 4,78% 4,85% 4,39% 4,50% 4,65% 5,07% 4,89% 5,26% 5,26% 5,41% 4,83%
2020 4,87% 4,34% 5,04% 4,87% 4,54% 4,63% 4,71% 4,87% 4,66% 4,70% 4,75% 4,84% 4.73%
2021 4,38% 4,50% 4,53% 4,54% 4,39%

List of programming

North American TV series (premieres and replicas)

Spanish TV series

Argentina TV series

Italian TV series

Animated shows

Italia 1 is also famous for broadcasting animated series. The cartoons shown in Italy with regular reruns include:

Show

Reality shows

Game shows

Cancelled reality shows

News

Sports

Directors of Italia 1

Name Period
Carlo Freccero April 20, 1987 – September 13, 1992
Carlo Vetrugno September 14, 1992 – May 11, 1997
Giorgio Gori May 12, 1997 – May 2, 1999
Roberto Giovalli May 3, 1999 – February 4, 2001
Stefano Magnaghi February 5, 2001 – May 19, 2002
Luca Tiraboschi May 20, 2002 – November 2, 2014
Laura Casarotto since November 3, 2014

Network's faces

In the past Italia1 had its advertisers. As mentioned, the historical face of the network announcing the programs was Gabriella Golia, who has served for 20 years from 1982 to 2002 (Golia was also announcer of Antenna Nord). Veronica Ghinzani from 1982 to 1984, Manuela Blanchard Beillard in the early 1980s, Fiorella Pierobon from 1982 to 1984 (then official announcer of Canale 5), Licia Colò from 1982 to 1985. In 2002 Italia1 eliminated The figure of "Miss Goodnight" (the same thing happened in Canale 5 in December 2005).

The historic voice of Italia1's promo was Fabrizio Casadio, who announced them from 9 January 1984 to 5 October 1997. Since January 1, 2009, promotions are announced by Raffaele Farina.

References