.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (March 2024) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 699 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Lingua italiana in Australia]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|it|Lingua italiana in Australia)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Italo-Australian dialect
Native toAustralia
EthnicityItalian Australians
Early forms
Italian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
IETFit-AU
People with Italian ancestry as a percentage of the population in Australia divided geographically by statistical local area, as of the 2011 census.

Italo-Australian[1] is an Australian-based dialect of Italian that is spoken by Australians of Italian descent.[2]

Characteristics

The exact number of speakers is unknown, but it is highly speculated that the language is mainly spoken by the younger generations, passed on by the elder ancestors, who created the language.[3] Some researchers[who?] think that the dialect might have been spoken by nearly 900,000 Italian Australians in 2012.

Origin

The foundation of this dialect is modern Italian, which was brought to Australia following the Italian diaspora in the post World War I era. It wasn't until the years after the second diaspora after World War II that the dialect came into note.[according to whom?]

The language was simply created with modern Italian words being influenced by the vocabulary of the English language, to create Italian/English words. Some words follow the rules of Italian spelling, changing to an English one only with a few character changes to make it sound Italian.[4] Italian linguist Tullio De Mauro has noted the dialect in his famous book 'Storia Della Lingua' as "developing dialect that is still enduring the modern influences of English".

De Mauro also claims the language is growing with the vocabulary being passed onto the younger generations of Italian Australians.

Example words

[citation needed]

English Italo-Australian Italian
Car Carru[5] Macchina
Cake Checca Torta
Market Marchetta Mercato
Farm Farma Fattoria
Backyard Becchiarda Cortile
Fence Fensa Recinto
To Park Parcare Parcheggiare
To Push Pusciare Spingere
To Stop Stoppare Fermare
To Start Stardare Cominciare
Bus Bassu Autobus
Cup Cuppa Coppa
Shed Scedda/Scella Capanno
Shower Scea Doccia
Fridge Friggia Frigorifero
Chips Cipi Patate Fritte
Washing Machine Guasci Mascina Lavatrice
Spray Spraia Spruzzo
To Smash Smesciare Sfasciare
To Pick Piccare Raccogliere
Bag Bega Borsa
Boyfriend Boifrendi Fidanzato
Girlfriend Gellafrenda Fidanzata
To Spray Spraiare Spruzzare
Laundry Guascious Lavanderia
Switch Suiccia Interruttore
Ticket Tichetta Biglietto
Factory Fattoria Fabbrica
Girl Gella Ragazza
Rubbish Robbisci Immondizia
Garage Garaci Box Auto
(Wall To Wall) Carpet Tappetu Moquette
Melbourne Melbuni Melbourne
Sydney Siddeni Sydney
Darwin Darvinu Darwin
Portarlington Portali Ntoni Portarlington
Queensland Quinslanda Queensland
Holiday Foludai Vacanza
To Shift Sciftare Spostare
Heater Hita Stufa
Air Conditioner U Friddu Aria Condizionata
Bin Binnu Cestino
Please Pliss Per Favore
Thank you Tenchiù Grazie
Breakfast Brecfesta Colazione
To Drive Drivare Guidare
Job Giobba Lavoro
The News I Niusi Le Notizie
Street Strittu Via
Bill Billu Conto
Insurance Insciuransa Assicurazione
Driver's Licence Licensa Patente Di Guida
Cheque Book Ciecbucu Libro Degli Assegni
Cheque Cieca Assegno
Shop Scioppu Negozio
Freezer Frisa Congelatore
To Worry Guariare Preoccupare
Box Bocsa Scatola
Ham Hemma Prosciutto
Cheap Cipp Economico
Gas Gassu Gas
Petrol Petroliu Benzina
Electricity Ilectricu Elettricità
Muslims Muri Musulmani
Anthony Albanese L' Arbanisi Anthony Albanese
Baby Baby Bambino/a
Drink Drink Bevanda
Boy Boy Ragazzo
Sandwich Sanguicciu Panino
Movie Firme Film
Coles Coless Coles
Woolworths Saffuguai Woolworths
Discount Variety Store I Cinesi Negozio Di Sconti

See also

References

  1. ^ Italian Australian dialect (in Italian)
  2. ^ Tullio De Mauro. "Storia Della Lingua Italiana" (p.79)
  3. ^ "Identity". Archived from the original on 22 June 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  4. ^ Tullio De Mauro. "Storia Della Lingua Italiana" (p.102)
  5. ^ The final u is typical in the Sicilian language in comparison with the Italian o