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The reconstructed fortress of Narva (to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod (to the right)
The reconstructed fortress of Narva (to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod (to the right)
Flag of Ivangorod
Coat of arms of Ivangorod
Location of Ivangorod
Ivangorod is located in Russia
Location of Ivangorod
Ivangorod is located in Leningrad Oblast
Ivangorod (Leningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 59°22′N 28°13′E / 59.367°N 28.217°E / 59.367; 28.217Coordinates: 59°22′N 28°13′E / 59.367°N 28.217°E / 59.367; 28.217
Federal subjectLeningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative districtKingiseppsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formationIvangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Town status sinceOctober 28, 1954[3]
32 m (105 ft)
 • Total9,854
 • Estimate 
10,453 (+6.1%)
 • Capital ofIvangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
 • Municipal districtKingiseppsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementIvangorodskoye Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofIvangorodskoye Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
188490, 188491
Dialing code(s)+7 81375[9]
OKTMO ID41621102001

Ivangorod (Russian: Иванго́род, IPA: [ɪvɐnˈɡorət]; Estonian: Jaanilinn; Votic: Jaanilidna) is a town in Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Narva River by the Estonia–Russia border, 159 kilometers (99 mi) west of St. Petersburg. Population: 9,854 (2010 Census);[4] 11,206 (2002 Census);[10] 11,833 (1989 Census).[11]

Ivangorod is a major border crossing point and a railway station by the TallinnSt. Petersburg line. It is located just opposite to the Estonian town of Narva.

The town is the site of the Ivangorod Fortress, a prominent fortification monument of the 15th and the 16th centuries.


Historical affiliations

Grand Duchy of Moscow 1492–1547
Russia 1547–1581
 Sweden 1581–1590
Russia 1590–1612
 Sweden 1612–1704
Russia 1704–1721
 Russia 1721–1917
 Estonia 1919–1940
 Soviet Union 1940–1941
 Germany 1941–1944
 Soviet Union 1944–1991
 Russia 1991–present

The fortress, established in 1492 during the reign of Ivan III of Moscow,[2] took its name (literally: Ivan-town — gorod in Russian means "town" or "city") from that of the Tsar. Between 1581 and 1590 and from 1612 to 1704, Sweden controlled the area.[2] Ivangorod was granted town privileges and administered as a Russian township under the Swedish Empire (who conquered it in 1612 from boyar Teuvo Aminev) until 1649, when its burghers were ordered to remove to a Narva suburb. In 1617 Russia and Sweden signed the Treaty of Stolbovo, which placed the area under Swedish sovereignty. Russia reconquered it during the Great Northern War in 1704.[12] Despite other changes in territory and sovereignty, Ivangorod was considered an administrative part of the town of Narva from 1649 until 1945. In 1780, Ivangorod, together with Narva, was included into Narvsky Uyezd of St. Petersburg Governorate. In 1796, Narvsky Uyezd was abolished and merged into Yamburgsky Uyezd.

The Ivangorod Fortress in 1616
The Ivangorod Fortress in 1616

In July 1917, Narva district, including Ivangorod, voted in referendum to join recently formed Autonomous Governorate of Estonia.[13] The city was captured by the Imperial German Army during World War I after the Russian Army abandoned the local fortress.[14] During the Estonian War of Independence (1918-1920), the newly independent Republic of Estonia established control over the whole of Narva, including Ivangorod, in January 1919, a move which Soviet Russia recognized in the 1920 Treaty of Tartu. In January 1945 Soviet authorities defined the Narva River as the border between the Estonian SSR and Russian SFSR, and as a result the administration of Ivangorod transferred from Narva to the Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast. Having grown in population, Ivangorod gained town status on October 28, 1954.[3]

After the restoration of Estonian independence in 1991, there have been some disputes about the Estonian-Russian border in the Narva area, as the new constitution of Estonia (adopted in 1992) recognizes the 1920 Treaty of Tartu border to be currently legal. The Russian Federation, however, regards Estonia as a successor of the Estonian SSR and recognizes the 1945 border between two former national republics. Officially, Estonia has no territorial claims in the area,[15][16] which is also reflected in the new Estonian-Russian border treaty, according to which Ivangorod remains a part of Russia. Although the Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov signed the treaty in 2005, due to continuing political tensions it has not been ratified.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Kingiseppsky District as Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Kingiseppsky Municipal District as Ivangorodskoye Urban Settlement.[6]

Restricted access

The town of Ivangorod is included into the border security zone, intended to protect the borders of Russia from unwanted activity. In order to visit the zone, a permit issued by the local Federal Security Service department or a valid Schengen visa is required. An EU passport with a Russian visa is also valid (2016).[17]



Narva Hydroelectric Station

Ivangorod has enterprises of textile, food, and timber industries, as well as a plant producing metallic plants and reservoirs. The Narva Hydroelectric Station is located in the town limits as well.[18]


The railway connecting St. Petersburg with Tallinn passes through Ivangorod. There is infrequent suburban service to Baltiysky railway station of St. Petersburg, as well as passenger service to Tallinn.

The A180 Highway connects St. Petersburg and Ivangorod. It coincides with the European route E20 connecting St. Petersburg via Tallinn with Shannon Airport.


Art museum
Art museum

Ivangorod contains thirty-three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. All federal monuments are related to the Ivangorod Fortress.[19] The fortress functions as a museum.[20]

Twin towns and sister cities

Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia

Ivangorod is twinned with:



  1. ^ a b c d e f Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 150. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy" Кингисеппский район (август 1927 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Law #81-oz
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Общая информация об Ивангороде (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ История Ивангорода (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  13. ^ Burch, Stuart; Smith, David (2007). "Empty Spaces and the Value of Symbols: Estonia's 'War of Monuments' from Another Angle". Europe-Asia Studies. 59. doi:10.1080/09668130701489139. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  14. ^ Figes, Orlando (1996). A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891-1924. London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 267. ISBN 0-224-04162-2. OCLC 35657827.
  15. ^ Berg, Eiki. "Milleks meile idapiir ja ilma lepinguta?". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  16. ^ "Enn Eesmaa: väide Petseri-soovist on ennekõike provokatiivne". Eesti Päevaleht. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  17. ^ Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №239 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Ленинградской области"; Приказ ФСБ РФ от 5 мая 2007 г. №222 "О внесении изменений в Приказ ФСБ РФ ОТ 2 июня 2006 г. №239 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Ленинградской области"". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). 2006.
  18. ^ Коммерческие организации города (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  19. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  20. ^ Историко-архитектурный и художественный музей "Ивангородская крепость" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved March 26, 2013.


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