J. Hale Sypher
Jacob Hale Sypher - Brady-Handy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st district
In office
July 18, 1868 – March 4, 1875
Preceded byBenjamin Flanders
Succeeded byEffingham Lawrence
Personal details
Jacob Hale Sypher

(1837-06-22)June 22, 1837
Millerstown, Pennsylvania
DiedMay 9, 1905(1905-05-09) (aged 67)
Baltimore, Maryland
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Political partyRepublican
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg
Brevet Brigadier General
UnitBattery B, 1st Ohio Light Artillery
14th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored)
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Jacob Hale Sypher (June 22, 1837 – May 9, 1905) was an attorney and politician, elected as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Louisiana. He served four terms as a Republican, after having served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and education

Jacob Hale Sypher was born near Millerstown, Pennsylvania and attended local schools. He graduated from Alfred University in New York state in 1859.

Civil War

Sypher enlisted in the Union Army during the American Civil War as a private in Battery A, 1st Ohio Light Artillery Militia (a three-month unit). After his battery's term expired, he was commissioned 1st lieutenant in Battery B, 1st Ohio Light Artillery. In 1864, he was commissioned as colonel to lead the 14th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored) (later re-designated as the 11th United States Colored Heavy Artillery) of the United States Colored Troops. Sypher never exercised operational command of the unit, as he was assigned to court-martial duty throughout the regiment's service. Afterwards he was brevetted Brigadier General for his services throughout the war.

After the war, Sypher moved to northern Louisiana where he bought a plantation. This was not to his liking so he moved to New Orleans and studied law. After a short period of time, he was admitted to the Bar of the state of Louisiana.

He was first elected as a Republican to Congress in 1866 from Louisiana's 1st congressional district. He may have lost the 1868 election, but there were so many irregularities that Congress threw it out. Sypher won the second round. He was re-elected twice more, serving in Congress from July 18, 1868 until March 4, 1875.

In 1874 Sypher lost his election bid to Effingham Lawrence, a Democrat. It was the first time a Democrat had been elected to Congress from Louisiana since before the Civil War. During the campaign, the White League, a paramilitary group affiliated with the Democratic Party, had been active in intimidating blacks to suppress black voting in the state.[1] This was the beginning of the end of the Reconstruction in Louisiana. At the next election, there was even more violence, black voting was suppressed, and the Democrats regained control of the state legislature.[2] In 1877, federal troops were withdrawn from the state.

Sypher left Louisiana, moving to Washington, DC, to practice law. He died in Baltimore in 1905.


  1. ^ George C. Rable, But There Was No Peace: The Role of Violence in the Politics of Reconstruction, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1984, p. 132
  2. ^ Rable (1984), 'But There Was No Peace', p. 132

United States Congress. "SYPHER, Jacob Hale (id: S001140)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.