Jacob M. Appel
Born (1973-02-21) February 21, 1973 (age 50)
New York City, New York, U.S.
EducationBrown University (BA, MA)
Columbia University (MA, MPhil, MD)
New York University (MFA)
Harvard University (JD)
Albany Medical Center (MS)
City University of New York, Queens (MFA)
Mount Sinai Medical Center (MPH)
Genreshort story, essay, drama, novel, poem

Jacob M. Appel (born February 21, 1973) is an American author, poet, bioethicist, physician, lawyer and social critic.[1][2] He is best known for his short stories, his work as a playwright, and his writing in the fields of reproductive ethics, organ donation, neuroethics, and euthanasia.[1] Appel's novel The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up won the Dundee International Book Prize in 2012.[3][4][5] He is the director of Ethics Education in Psychiatry and an associate professor of psychiatry and medical education at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and he practices emergency psychiatry at the adjoining Mount Sinai Health System. Appel is the subject of the 2019 documentary film Jacob by director Jon Stahl.

Appel coined the term "whitecoat washing" to refer to nations using medical collaboration to distract from human rights abuses.[6]


Appel was born in the Bronx to Gerald B. Appel and Alice Appel and raised in Scarsdale, New York,[7] and Branford, Connecticut.[8] His family is Jewish.[9] He completed his Bachelor of Arts at Brown University with double majors in English and American literature and in history (1995).[10] He has seven master's degrees from:

He holds a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School (2003)[20][21][22] and a Doctor of Medicine from the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (2009).[23] He completed his medical residency in clinical psychiatry and medical fellowship in psychosomatic medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine.[24][25] He is also licensed to practice law in New York and Rhode Island.[26] He was working on a PhD in the history of American medicine and psychiatry from Columbia University as of May 2012.[27][10]

Fiction writer and playwright

Appel is a "prolific"[28] short story writer.

His fiction has been published in [1] literary journals, including Agni,[29] The Alaska Quarterly Review,[30] The Gettysburg Review,[31] The Missouri Review,[32] Shenandoah, StorySouth[33] and Virginia Quarterly Review.[34]

His first story collection, Scouting for the Reaper, won Black Lawrence Press's Hudson Prize in 2012.[35] Among the other awards he has won for his short stories are those sponsored by the Boston Review (1998)[36] and New Millennium Writings (2004, 2007, 2008).[37][38][39]

He won the William Faulkner-William Wisdom Award for best short story in 2004[40] and a Sherwood Anderson Foundation grant in 2005.[41] His fiction has been short-listed for the O. Henry Prize (2001),[42] Best American Short Stories (2007,[43] 2008,[44] 2013), Best American Nonrequired Reading (2006,[45] 2007[46]), Best American Mystery Stories (2009)[47] and the Pushcart Prize (2006,[48] 2007,[49] 2011,[50] 2014,[51] 2019[52]).

His debut novel The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up won the 2012 Dundee International Book Prize and was published by Cargo in October 2012.[53][54] It was described as "A darkly comic satire, full of insight into American culture" by Stephen Fry and "engaging, funny, ingenious, even charming" by Philip Pullman.[55] His book subsequently won The International Rubery Book Award in 2013.

His plays have been performed by companies across the U.S., including the Detroit Repertory Theatre, Heller Theatre, and Epilogue Players.[56][57]

Appel has taught creative writing at the Gotham Writers' Workshop and New York University.[58] He served as writer-in-residence at Yeshiva College in 2013.[59]


Academic bioethics

As a professional bioethicist, Appel has published in Hastings Center Report,[60][61][62] The Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics,[63] Bulletin of the History of Medicine,[64][65] The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics,[66][67] The Journal of Medical Ethics,[68][69][70][71] The Journal of Bioethical Inquiry[72] and GeneWatch, the journal of the Council for Responsible Genetics.[73] He is the author of a "Bioethics in Action" curriculum for The New York Times.[74][75]

Appel is an advocate for the decriminalization of assisted suicide,[76] raising the possibility that this might be made available to both the terminally ill and those with intractable, long-term mental illness.[77][78] He has also defended the Groningen Protocol.[79] He has written in favor of abortion rights and fertility treatment for homosexuals, as well as against electronic medical records, which he sees as poorly secured against hacking.[80] He has also argued in favor of the legalization of prostitution, polygamy and incest between consenting adults.[81] He has raised concerns regarding the possibility that employers will require their employees to use pharmaceuticals for cognitive enhancement and has urged that death row inmates be eligible to receive kidney transplants.[82][83] He generated considerable controversy for endorsing the mandatory use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis as part of the in vitro fertilization process to prevent the implantation of embryos carrying severe genetic defects. Appel has also written in support of an "open border" immigration policy. Among the causes that Appel has embraced is opposition to the forcible feeding of hunger strikers, both in domestic prisons and at Guantanamo Bay.[84][85] He has written that exposure to literature should be a medical school admissions requirement.[86]

He has taught medical ethics at New York University,[87][88] Columbia University,[89] Mount Sinai School of Medicine[90][91][92] and Brown University's Alpert Medical School.[93][94][95]


Appel writes for both The Huffington Post and Opposing Views. He has staked out a libertarian position on many bioethical issues, advocating a worldview that he describes as "a culture of liberty."[96] He has written opinion pieces in The New York Times, New York Daily News, New York Post, Chicago Tribune, Orlando Sentinel, Albany Times-Union, Tucson Citizen, Detroit Free Press, New Haven Register, Baltimore Sun and The Providence Journal.[97][98][99][100][101][102][103][104] The Best American Essays series named his nonfiction pieces as "notable essays" in the years 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2017, and received "special mention" from the Pushcart Prize in 2012 and 2017.[105][106][107][108][49][109]




  1. ^ a b c Nagamatsu, Sequoia "A Few Words with the Ubiquitous Jacob M. Appel" Prince Mincer Journal http://primemincer.com/ Archived 2015-07-21 at the Wayback Machine confirmed 26 April 2013
  2. ^ "THE CYNIC IN EXTREMIS by Jacob M. Appel | Kirkus Reviews" – via www.kirkusreviews.com.
  3. ^ Dundee International Book Prize won by Jacob M Appel, BBC, 25 October 2012
  4. ^ Book review: The Man Who Wouldn’t Stand Up, Jacob Appel, The Scotsman, Lifestyle, 17 Nov 2012
  5. ^ Jacob M Appel named as Dundee International Book Prize winner, The Courier, 9 January 2013
  6. ^ Appel JM. Against Whitecoat Washing: The Need for Formal Human Rights Assessment in International Collaborations. Am J Bioeth. 2022 Oct;22(10):1-4.
  7. ^ Rosenblum, Constance. Boulevard of Dreams, New York University Press, 2009, P. 174
  8. ^ Appel, JM. Phoning Home. University of South Carolina Press, 2015
  9. ^ Appel, Jacob M. (2014). Phoning home : essays. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 9781611173710.
  10. ^ a b "Mount Siani School of Medicine Psychiatry Residency Class of 2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  11. ^ "Fresh Ink". www.brownalumnimagazine.com.
  12. ^ "Jacob Appel'09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide". Archived from the original on 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
  14. ^ Notes, Bellevue Literary Review, Fall2005
  15. ^ Columbia Medicine, Jacob Appel’09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide, 4 October 2011
  16. ^ Exposure, Sycamore Review, 1 Jul 2007
  17. ^ "WIPS Conversation: Jacob M. Appel on His Work in Progress".
  18. ^ "Protean novelist is comfortable on the edge". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2014-11-21.
  19. ^ "Nonconsensual Blood Draws and Dual Loyalty: When Bodily Integrity Conflicts with the Public Health".
  20. ^ Arborphilia tackles social issues, The Detroit News, Oct 27, 2006
  21. ^ "Interview with Prime Mincer". Archived from the original on 2015-07-21. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
  22. ^ Sweden Asks: Should Convicted Murderers Practice Medicine? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics / Volume 19 / Issue 04 / October 2010, pp 559-562
  23. ^ Jacob Appel ’09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide, Columbia Medicine, October 04, 2011, Available online at [1] Archived 2013-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Harsh Treatment at Guantánamo" NYT April 21, 2013
  25. ^ "APPEL: The silent rise of the DNA nannies". The Washington Times.
  26. ^ "Biography - Jacob M. Appel". jacobmappel.com/biography/.
  27. ^ Fastenberg, Dan (March 22, 2012). "Is This America's Most Overqualified, Overachieving Worker?". AOL. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
  28. ^ Lange, Sarah C. "Writers with day jobs, take heart," The Writer March 24, 2011.
  29. ^ "The Frying Finn in AGNI". 28 May 2022.
  30. ^ Appel, Jacob M. "Invasive Species," Alaska Quarterly Review, 24(3&4), P. 143
  31. ^ Gettysburg Review, Volume 23, Issue 2, Summer 2010
  32. ^ Missouri Review 30.1 (Spring 2007): "Love and Loneliness"
  33. ^ "Fiction". www.storysouth.com.
  34. ^ Virginia Quarterly Review. Summer2009, Vol. 85 Issue 3, p168-180.
  35. ^ Bartleby Snopes "Author Showcase: Jacob M Appel" September 15, 2012
  36. ^ "Shell Game with Organs", short story by Jacob Appel, online at the Boston Review site, retrieved August 10, 2011.
  37. ^ "Enoch Arden's One Night Stands". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
  38. ^ "Hazardous Cargoes". Archived from the original on 2008-12-21. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
  39. ^ "The Appraisal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
  40. ^ Larson, Susan. "Winner's Circle" New Orleans Times-Picayune December 5, 2004
  41. ^ Greensboro News & Record, October 23, 2005
  42. ^ O Henry Award 2001 (Larry Dark ed Random House 2001)
  43. ^ The Best American Short Stories 2007 (Stephen King, Heidi Pitlor eds.)
  44. ^ The Best American Short Stories 2008 (Salman Rushdie, Heidi Pitlor eds.)
  45. ^ The Best American Nonrequired Reading 2006 Dave Eggers (ed.) Mariner Books 2006
  46. ^ The Best American Nonrequired Reading 2007 Dave Eggers (ed.) Mariner Books 2007
  47. ^ The Best American Mystery Stories 2009 Penzler, Otto and Deaver, Jeffrey(eds.), Houghton Mifflin, New York, 2009.
  48. ^ The Pushcart Prize XXX : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed) 2006
  49. ^ a b The Pushcart Prize XXXI : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed) 2007
  50. ^ The Pushcart Prize XXXV: Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed.) 2011
  51. ^ The Pushcart Prize XXXVIII : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed.) 2014
  52. ^ The Pushcart Prize XLIII : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed.) 2019
  53. ^ a b "Dundee International Book Prize won by Jacob M Appel - BBC News". BBC News. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  54. ^ a b Runcie, Charlotte. "Jacob M Appel's The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up wins Dundee Book Prize". The List. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  55. ^ "The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up - Kindle edition by Jacob M. Appel. Literature & Fiction Kindle eBooks @". Amazon. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  56. ^ Gridley, Jesse. "Lighting Up the Stage," Writers Digest, December 2008, P. 50
  57. ^ Shade, Karen. "Belles Are Back: Players Revisit Characters" Tulsa World, June 24, 2007
  58. ^ [2] Faculty Profile: Jacob M. Appel, August 21, 2010
  59. ^ "Writing Minor | Yeshiva University". www.yu.edu.
  60. ^ Appel, JM. Organ Solicitation on the Internet: Every Man for Himself?, Hastings Center Report, 2005
  61. ^ Appel, JM. May Doctors Refuse Infertility Treatments to Gay Patients? Hastings Center Report, Volume 36, Number 4, July–August 2006, pp. 20-21
  62. ^ A Appel, JM. Suicide Right for the Mentally Ill?: A Swiss Case Opens a New Debate, Hastings Center Report, 2007
  63. ^ Appel, JM. Smoke and Mirrors: One Case for Ethical Obligations of the Physician as Public Role Model, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics (2009), 18: 95-100 Cambridge University Press
  64. ^ Appel, JM. "Physicians are not Bootleggers": The Short, Peculiar Life of the Medicinal Alcohol Movement, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Volume 82, Number 2, Summer 2008, pp. 355-386
  65. ^ Appel, JM. A duty to kill? A duty to die? Rethinking the euthanasia controversy of 1906, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2004
  66. ^ Appel, JM. English high court orders separation of conjoined twins, The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2000
  67. ^ Appel, JM. Research Guidelines: Changes UrgedJM Appel - The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 2001
  68. ^ Appel, JM. Is all fair in biological warfare? The controversy over genetically engineered biological weapons, Journal of Medical Ethics, 2009
  69. ^ Appel, JM. Sex rights for the disabled? J Med Ethics 2010;36:152-154
  70. ^ Appel, JM. Mixed motives, mixed outcomes when accused parents won’t agree to withdraw care, Journal of Medical Ethics 2009;35:635-637
  71. ^ Appel, JM. Defining death: when physicians and families differ[PDF] Journal of Medical Ethics, 2005
  72. ^ Appel, JM. Neonatal Euthanasia: Why Require Parental Consent?, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Volume 6, Number 4, 477-482
  73. ^ Appel, JM. "The Monster’s Law: A History of Chimera Research," Volume 19, Number 2. March–April 2006
  74. ^ Appel, Jacob M. (January 10, 2018). "Bioethics in Action, Part I: Helping Students Explore Difficult Questions in Health Care". The New York Times.
  75. ^ Appel, Jacob M. (January 11, 2018). "Bioethics in Action, Part II: Teaching About the Challenge of Balancing the Needs of Patients". The New York Times.
  76. ^ Room for Debate: The Power of the ‘Culture War’ NYT April 10, 2012
  77. ^ "BioEdge: WHY DENY THE DEPRESSED THEIR RIGHT TO SUICIDE?". BioEdge. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  78. ^ "Hastings Center Report". The Hastings Center. September 17, 2015.
  79. ^ Mike Hinkle, "Europe’s euthanasia enthusiasm is alarming," Edmonton Sun, April 26, 2013
  80. ^ Chicago Tribune article
  81. ^ "Legalize Prostitution, Polygamy, Bestiality and Incest | Jacob Appel | Big Think". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
  82. ^ J M Appel When the boss turns pusher: a proposal for employee protections in the age of cosmetic neurology J Med Ethics 2008; 34: 616-618
  83. ^ Appel, JM. "Wanted Dead or Alive? Kidney Transplantation in Inmates Awaiting Execution," The Journal of Clinical Ethics. Volume 16, Number 1. Spring 2005. PMID 15915846
  84. ^ Appel, Jacob. Harsh Treatment at Guantánamo, The New York Times, April 21, 2013
  85. ^ Appel, Jacob. "Rethinking Force-Feeding: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Physician Participation in the Termination of Hunger Strikes in American Prisons," Public Affairs Quarterly. Volume 26 • Number 4 October 2012
  86. ^ Letter: Literature Should Be a Medical School Admissions Requirement, The Atlantic, 5 August 2018
  87. ^ Republican-American, "Resurgence of pro-life sentiment," 1 Jul 2009
  88. ^ Venus Theatre's 2009 Season, Washington Post 17 Dec 2008
  89. ^ Literary Notes,Greensboro News & Record 23 Oct 2005
  90. ^ Appel, Jacob, "Toward a three-parent baby," Providence Journal 13 Dec 2009
  91. ^ Washington Times, " The silent rise of the DNA nannies," 18 Nov 2010
  92. ^ The enemy within, The Boston Globe, 21 Nov 2010
  93. ^ Maimin, Sybil. "Dr. Jacob Appel, Bioethicist," Education Update, Jan-feb 2012
  94. ^ Columbia Medicine Jacob Appel’09: Doctor, Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Tour Guide Archived 2013-12-11 at the Wayback Machine 4 Oct 2011
  95. ^ "Meet the Author," The Missouri Review, Volume 30, Number 1, Spring 2007 P. 28
  96. ^ A Culture of Liberty Huffington Post, July 21, 2009.
  97. ^ Finally give N.Y. families end-of-life decisionmaking power Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine, New York Daily News, Sept. 6, 2009
  98. ^ Guest Opinion, Benefits of requiring genetic testing for in vitro fertilization are clear, Tucson Citizen, March 10, 2009
  99. ^ JM Appel. Why shared medical database is wrong prescription. Orlando Sentinel, December 30, 2008
  100. ^ Appel, Jacob M. 'Gene-nappers,’ like identity thieves, new threat of digital age Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  101. ^ Appel, Jacob M. The mindfulness pandemic: a symptom or cure? Archived 2018-04-20 at the Wayback Machine
  102. ^ "'Gene-nappers,' like identity thieves, new threat of digital age- the New Haven Register - Serving New Haven, Connecticut". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2009-11-06.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), The New Haven Register, Nov. 5, 2009
  103. ^ Health Care Hard to Recognize, Tough to Define. Albany Times-Union, Nov. 12, 2009
  104. ^ Report, Post Staff (September 14, 2011). "Are we too afraid of suicide?".
  105. ^ The Best American Essays 2011 (Robert Atwan, Edwige Dandicat eds.) 2011 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2012. P. 233.
  106. ^ The Best American Essays 2012 (Robert Atwan, David Brooks eds.) 2012 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2012. P. 302.
  107. ^ The Best American Essays 2013 (ed. Robert Atwan) Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2013
  108. ^ The Best American Essays 2017 (ed. Robert Atwan) Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2017
  109. ^ The Pushcart Prize XLI : Best of the Small Presses (Bill Henderson ed) 2017
  110. ^ Motika, Libby. Bonitanicum Seedlings. Palisadian Post June 1, 2006
  111. ^ Shade, Karen "Round the Bend Players offer funny, sometimes dark story," Tulsa World, August 24, 2006
  112. ^ Readling, Mike. "IRSC's Fine Arts Season promises mix of dance, drama, musical theater," Treasure Coast Palm August 28, 2009
  113. ^ Could you have done better? August 16, 2008
  114. ^ Highlights of fall season, Detroit Free Press, August 23, 2009
  115. ^ Reinink, Amy, "Women claim a dramatic spot in Laurel," Business Gazette, August 27, 2009