Jacob Needleman
A photo of Jacob Needleman in 2014
Needleman in 2014
Born (1934-10-06) October 6, 1934 (age 87)
Alma materHarvard University
Yale University
University of Freiburg, Germany
OccupationProfessor of Philosophy

Jacob Needleman (born October 6, 1934) is an American philosopher, author, and religious scholar.

Needleman is Jewish[1][2] and was educated at Harvard University, Yale University, and the University of Freiburg, Germany.[3] He is a professor of philosophy at San Francisco State University[4][5] and is said to have "popularized the term 'new religious movements'."[6] Needleman was honored by the New York Open Center in New York City in 2006.[7][8] Needleman also narrates classical religious texts in audiobook format, including the Taoist Tao Te Ching and the Hindu Bhagavad Gita.



  1. ^ By David Ian Miller, April 16, 2007, "FINDING MY RELIGION / Philosopher Jacob Needleman asks in his latest book, 'Why Can't We Be Good?' (Pt. 2)", San Francisco Chronicle
  2. ^ D. Patrick Miller, Beyond Belief: Jacob Needleman On God Without Religion, The Sun, December 2011
  3. ^ "Bio: Jacob Needleman", website
  4. ^ Department of Philosophy - Jacob Needleman
  5. ^ The Essential Marcus Aurelius Jacob Needleman, John P. Piazza - 2008 - Page 111
  6. ^ Horowitz, Mitch (February 25, 2011). "When Does A Religion Become A Cult?". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  7. ^ "Gala Honorees" Archived November 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, New York Open Center, website
  8. ^ Time and the Soul: Where Has All the Meaningful Time Gone By John Cleese, Jacob Needleman, via GGbooks
  9. ^ Gurdjieff.org
  10. ^ Bodhi Tree
  11. ^ Fearless Books