Jalaluddin Rakhmat
Jalaluddin Rakhmat.jpg
Member of the People's Representative Council
In office
1 October 2014 – 1 October 2019
Personal details
Born29 August 1949
Bandung, State of Pasundan
Died15 February 2021(2021-02-15) (aged 71)
Bandung, Indonesia
Political partyPDI-P

Jalaluddin Rakhmat, also known by the nickname of Kang Jalal,[1] (29 August 1949 – 15 February 2021) was an Indonesian academician and politician from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle who became the member of the People's Representative Council from 2014 until 2019.

Early life and education

Jalaluddin was born on 29 August 1949 in Bandung, the capital of the then State of Pasundan (now the Province of West Java).[2] His father was a member of the Nahdlatul Ulama Islamic organization, while his mother was a well-known activist in the city. At the age of two, Jalaluddin's father left him and his mother due to political tensions. After his father left, his mother would bring him to study at an evening madrasa after he returned from elementary school in afternoon. His mother also taught him how to read kitab kuning every night. Despite his religious family background, Jalaluddin only received religious education until he graduated from elementary school.[3]

Jalaluddin was a keen reader and he often found himself spending time to read the works of philosophers such as Spinoza and Nietzsche in his father's library. His father also left Arabic religious books in his house, which Jalaluddin also read. According to Tajus Syarofi, after reading The Revival of the Religious Sciences, Jalaluddin became shaken and almost went insane, that he left his high school—the State High School Bandung 02[4]—and wandered off to several pesantrens in West Java. However, due to the lack of supplies brought by him, pesantrens refused him and he went back to study at his high school. During his time in the high school, Jalal joined the Persatuan Islam, an Islamic student organization.[5]

Jalaluddin then attended the Padjajaran University and earned a degree in mass communications (Drs.). After his graduation from the university, he worked as a lecturer in his alma mater.[6] His job as a university lecturer allowed him to receive scholarships from the Iowa State University, where he took communications and psychology. In an interview, Jalaluddin remarked that he learned more from reading the books in the university's library rather than listening to lecture.[5] Jalaluddin later graduated from the university in 1981 with a cum laude score of 4.0, thus allowing him to be a member of the Phi Kappa Phi and Sigma Delta Chi honorary society in the university.[7]

Jalaluddin later pursued further higher education in Australia, earning him a doctorate in political science from the Australian National University.[2]

Academic career

After graduating from Iowa State University, Jalaluddin returned to Indonesia and wrote a book titled Psikologi Komunikasi (Psychology Communications). He designed the curriculum for his faculty in the Padjajaran University and gave lectures on various subjects, including Indonesia's political system. He also gave lectures on other universities and institutes, such as at the Bandung Institute of Technology and at the Bandung State Islamic Institute.[7] Jalaluddin was involved in the establishment of the Jamaah Ahlulbait Indonesia, a Shia Muslim organization, in July 2000.[8]

In 2014, Rakhmat was turned in to police in Makassar by the Islamic Research and Assessment Institution (Lembaga Penelitian Dan Pengkajian Islam) for obtaining a false doctorate and master's degree,[9] as he did not approve the degrees with the Ministry of Education and Culture despite the fact that they were earned outside Indonesia.[10] However, the Honorary Council of the People's Representative Council [id] dismissed the cases.[11]

Political career

Jalaluddin was a member of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP). According to Jalaluddin, PDIP was the only party that defended minorities.[12] Jalaluddin then ran as a candidate from West Java's 2nd electoral district in the 2014 Indonesian legislative election. Jalaluddin secured a seat in the People's Representative Council[13] with 56,402 votes.[14] He assumed office on 1 October 2014.[13]

Jalaluddin was seated in the Commission VIII of the council, which handles religion, social affairs, and the empowerment of women. Jalaluddin remarked that he would defend minorities such as Shia Muslims and Christians during his tenure in the commission.[13]


Jalaluddin Rakhmat died of COVID-19 in Bandung at 15.45 on 15 February 2021 at the age of 71.[15] Prior to his death, Jalaluddin suffered from coughing and fever symptoms.[16] Jalaluddin was buried on the same day at the Rancaekek cemetery.[17]

Personal life

Jalaluddin Rakhmat was a Shia.[2] Jalaluddin was married to Euis Sunarti. Euis died on 11 February 2021, four days before Jalaluddin's death.[18]


  1. ^ "Kang Jalal Meninggal, Sejumlah Tokoh Puji Karya sang Cendekiawan Muslim" (in Indonesian). SINDOnews.com. 15 February 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c yoa/nma (15 February 2021). "Jejak Jalaluddin Rakhmat: Cendekiawan, Legislator, Tokoh Syiah". CNN Indonesia. Retrieved 16 February 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Syarofi 2010, p. 51.
  4. ^ "Daftar Riwayat Hidup Bakal Calon Anggota DPR/DPRD Provinsi/DPRD Kabupaten/DPRD Kota" (PDF). General Elections Commission. 5 April 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b Syarofi 2010, p. 52.
  6. ^ "KH. Jalaluddin RAKHMAT". People's Representative Council. 2014. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  7. ^ a b Syarofi 2010, p. 53.
  8. ^ Jalaluddin Rakhmat memilih jalan tasawuf BBC Indonesia, 20 Agustus 2013. Diakses 22 Februari 2018
  9. ^ "Kepolisian Usut Dugaan Ijazah Palsu Jalaluddin Rakhmat". Koran Tempo (in Indonesian). 15 August 2014.
  10. ^ "Skandal Gelar dan Ijazah Jalaluddin Rakhmat (JR) di UIN Alauddin Makassar (UINAM)". Lembaga Penelitian Dan Pengkajian Islam (in Indonesian). 9 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Tak terbukti, tuduhan ijazah palsu dua anggota DPR". Kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). 3 July 2015.
  12. ^ "KH Jalaluddin Rakhmat: Hanya PDI Perjuangan yang Membela Kaum Minoritas dan Mustadhafin". RMod.id (in Indonesian). 4 May 2013.
  13. ^ a b c Hasugian, Maria Rita (2 October 2014). "Jadi Anggota DPR, Ini Rencana Tokoh Syiah". Tempo. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  14. ^ "DAFTAR CALON TETAP ANGGOTA DPR – RI TAHUN 2014 PARTAI DEMOKRASI PERJUANGAN – INDONESIA" (PDF). General Elections Commission. p. 2. Retrieved 16 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Jalaluddin Rakhmat Meninggal Dunia karena COVID-19". detikNews (in Indonesian). 15 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Positif Covid-19, Jalaluddin Rakhmat Dimakamkan di Cicalengka dengan Prokes Ketat". iNews.ID (in Indonesian). 15 February 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  17. ^ Maulana, Yudha. "Jenazah Jalaluddin Rakhmat Langsung Dimakamkan Malam Ini di Rancaekek". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  18. ^ Maulana, Yudha. "Jalaluddin Rakhmat Wafat karena COVID-19, Istrinya Meninggal 4 Hari Sebelumnya". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 February 2021.