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James Emilius Broome
Florida Governor James E. Broome.jpg
3rd Governor of Florida
In office
October 3, 1853 – October 5, 1857
Preceded byThomas Brown
Succeeded byMadison S. Perry
Personal details
BornDecember 15, 1808
Hamburg, Aiken County, South Carolina
DiedNovember 23, 1883(1883-11-23) (aged 74)
DeLand, Florida
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Amelia Ann Dozier
Martha (Hawkins) Macon
Henrietta Ann Scott
Adelia Kinnier

James Emilius Broome (December 15, 1808 – November 23, 1883) was an American politician who was the third Governor of Florida.

Early life and career

Broome was born in Hamburg, South Carolina and moved to Florida in 1837. He engaged in the mercantile business until he retired in 1841. In that same year, Governor Richard Keith Call appointed him to the position of Probate Judge of Leon County. He served in that position until 1848.

Political life

He was elected governor in 1852. A Democrat, he took office on October 3, 1853. He was an early States'-Righter. During his term, the Whig Party, the opposition to the Democrats at the time, controlled the Florida State Legislature. He vetoed so many of the bills that were passed by the legislature that he became known as the "Veto Governor". His gubernatorial stint ended on October 5, 1857. Broome served as a member of the Florida Senate in 1861. A large planter, he was very sympathetic to the Confederate cause.


James E. Broome was married five times. In 1865, he moved to New York City. On a visit with his son in DeLand, Florida, Broome died in 1883.

Party political offices Preceded byWilliam Bailey Democratic nominee for Governor of Florida 1852 Succeeded byMadison S. Perry Political offices Preceded byThomas Brown Governor of Florida October 3, 1853 – October 5, 1857 Succeeded byMadison S. Perry