James II the Unfortunate
Coat of arms of Urgell
20th Count of Urgell
Reign1408–1413
PredecessorPeter II, Count of Urgell
Successor(annexation by Aragon)
Born1380
Balaguer
Died1 June 1433
Xàtiva
SpouseIsabella of Aragon
IssueIsabella
Eleanor
Joanna
HouseBarcelona
FatherPeter II, Count of Urgell
MotherMargarete Palaiologue
ReligionCatholic Church

James II (in Catalan Jaume II d'Urgell or Jaume el Dissortat "James the Unfortunate", in Spanish Jayme II de Urgel) (1380 – 1 June 1433) was the Count of Urgell (1408–1413), Viscount of Àger, and lord of Antillón, Alcolea de Cinca, and Fraga. Scion of a younger branch of the House of Barcelona and its last male member, he was the centre of opposition to the House of Trastámara after it succeeded to the Crown of Aragon in 1412.

Born at Balaguer to Peter II of Urgell and Margaret Palaiologue of Montferrat, he inherited the county of Urgell from his father in 1408. In Valencia on 29 June 1407, he had married Isabella, daughter of Peter IV of Aragon and sister of Martin the Humane, who appointed him lieutenant of the Kingdom of Aragon in 1408.

Following the death in 1409 of Martin the Younger, heir to the Aragonese Crown, the king appointed James governor-general, an act interpreted by James as implying his heirdom. Following the death of the king in 1410, however, James was one of the six candidates who claimed the throne. Succession through the male line, as ordained in the will of James I of Aragon, would have given him the crown, but through the Compromise of Caspe, Ferdinand of Antequera was elected instead.

Influenced by his mother, Margaret of Montferrat, and by Antón de Luna, James II of Urgell refused to recognise Ferdinand as king and took up arms against him. Defeated at Castefrorite and Montearagón, James took refuge in the castle of Balaguer which was under siege by the royal troops. He surrendered on 31 October 1413 and was imprisoned in Teruel and then Xàtiva where he died twenty years later.

James had four daughters and one son:

Titles of nobility Preceded byPeter II Count of Urgell 1408–1413 ForfeitedAnnexation by Aragon